|This article does not cite any sources. (November 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Elevation||1,132 m (3,714 ft)|
|Location||Province of Naples, Italy|
|Age of rock||25,000 years before present|
Mount Somma is an integral part of the volcanic complex "Somma-Vesuvius." It has a recorded height of 1,132 metres (3,714 ft).
Mount Somma is the remnant of a large volcano, out of which the peak cone of Mount Vesuvius has grown. Currently, Mount Somma appears to be spread in a semicircle around the north side and north-east of Vesuvius. Vesuvius's formation began during the collapse Caldera of Mount Somma.
Coming from the east, you will encounter the first ridges:
- the "Cognoli di Trocchia" (961 m)
- the "Cognoli di Sant'Anastasia" (1,086 m)
- the "Punta del Nasone (Tip of the nose)" (1,132 m)
- the "Cognoli di Ottaviano" (1,112 m)
Punta del Nasone
The highest point of Mount Somma, at 1,132 meters, is called "Punta del Nasone" because of its similarity with a nose covered in the profile of a face lying along the top of the mountain. This similarity can be seen by looking the Mount Somma from the peak of Vesuvius.
Lava flows of 1944
Spectacular lava flow interrupted the outline of the mountain down to the town of San Sebastiano al Vesuvio. A fascinating hiking trail (No. 9 in the numbering of the Vesuvius National Park) allows to cross the entire large cast almost 200 meters.
The Olivella is a village more than 400m north of Mount Somma, in the territory of the municipality of Sant'Anastasia. It looks like a natural amphitheater on top of which is located above the outlet Olivella source, a short distance to the outlet is higher than the outlet of the source surmounted by a stone arch that was part of the aqueduct, when at the time Ferdinando of Bourbon wanted to get the water to Naples.
The first evidence of volcanic activity in this area dates back about 400,000 years ago, but the first major eruptive phenomenon of some significance occurred about 25,000 years ago: the eruption of pumice base when the top of the Somma volcano collapsed forming a caldera, in which later formed Vesuvius. Today the caldera is only the northern side, which is Mount Somma.
Since 1995, Mount Somma has been part of the Vesuvius National Park.