Mount Tendürek

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Tendürek
Tendurek Dagi NASA.jpg
Tendürek seen from space
Highest point
Elevation3,584 m (11,759 ft)
Coordinates39°22′N 43°52′E / 39.37°N 43.87°E / 39.37; 43.87
Geography
LocationAğrı and Van provinces, Turkey
Parent rangeArmenian Highlands
Geology
Mountain typeShield volcano
Last eruption1855

Tendürek (Turkish: Tendürek Dağı, Armenian: Թոնդրակ, Tondrak) is a shield volcano located in the Ağrı and Van provinces of eastern Turkey, close to the borders with Iran. The elongated volcano rises 1,800 m (5,906 ft) above the Doğubeyazıt plain, south of Mount Ararat. Two main cones with a crater each and several minor lateral cones form the edifice. The edifice dates 700,000–500,000 years BP to 13,000 BP and is mostly constructed from basaltic lavas, with some pyroclastics and trachytic/trachyandesitic lavas. It has a volume of more than 300 km3 and covers a surface area of about 650 km2. Pyroclastic cones with basaltic lava flows on the eastern side of the mountain are around 2,500 years old. The last known eruption may have been a gas and ash eruption in 1855, and hydrothermal systems exist on the volcano. Since 1993, the volcano has been subsiding in a ring fault. The Armenian name for the mountain was Tondrak - the medieval Armenian Tondrakite Movement of the 950s, which based its ideology on Paulician teaching.

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