Mount Terror (Antarctica)
Mount Terror (right) and Mount Erebus (left) seen from the Hut Point Peninsula on Ross Island
|Elevation||3,230 m (10,600 ft) |
|Prominence||1,728 m (5,669 ft) |
|Age of rock||820,000-1.75 million years|
|Mountain type||Shield volcano (extinct)|
|Volcanic belt||McMurdo Volcanic Group|
|Easiest route||snow/ice climb|
Mount Terror is a large shield volcano that forms the eastern part of Ross Island, Antarctica. It has numerous cinder cones and domes on the flanks of the shield and is mostly under snow and ice. It is the second largest of the four volcanoes which make up Ross Island and is somewhat overshadowed by its neighbor, Mount Erebus, 30 km (19 mi) to the west. Mt. Terror was named in 1841 by Sir James Clark Ross for his second ship, HMS Terror. The captain of Terror was Captain Francis Crozier who was a close friend of Ross and for whom the nearby Cape Crozier is named.
The rocks at the summit have not been studied, but rocks from the lower areas range from 0.82 to 1.75 million years old, and Mount Terror shows no signs of more recent volcanic activity.
The first ascent of Mt. Terror was made by a New Zealand party in 1959.
Terror Glacier (glacier between Mount Terra Nova and Mount Terror on Ross Island, flowing south into Windless Bight. So named by A.J. Heine of the New Zealand Geological Survey Antarctic Expedition (NZGSAE), 1962–63, because of its association with Mount Terror.) is a large
- Mount Terror is the stronghold of Russian anarchist revolutionaries in the 1894 science fiction novel Olga Romanoff by George Griffith.
- Mount Terror and Mount Erebus are mentioned in the 1936 novella At the Mountains of Madness by H.P. Lovecraft.
- Mount Terror is used as a location in the 2004 novel State of Fear by Michael Crichton.
- Mount Terror is referenced in ‘’Twenty Thousand Leagues Under The Sea’’ on page 338, by the narrator Professor Arronax, after they arrive at the South Pole, in reference to two volcanic craters, the Erebus and Terror, in context to an earlier discovery by ‘’James Clark Ross’’.