Tomorr

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Tomorr
Berat Albania.jpg
View of Berat and Tomorr covered with snow in the background.
Highest point
Peak Çuka e Partizanit
Elevation 2,417 m (7,930 ft) [1]
Listing Ultra
Coordinates 40°42′0″N 20°8′0″E / 40.70000°N 20.13333°E / 40.70000; 20.13333Coordinates: 40°42′0″N 20°8′0″E / 40.70000°N 20.13333°E / 40.70000; 20.13333
Geography
Tomorr is located in Albania
Tomorr
Tomorr
Location of Tomorr in Albania
Location Skrapar, Albania
Parent range Tomorr massif
Geology
Mountain type Limestone

Mount Tomorr is a mountain in southern Albania, reaching an elevation of 2,417 metres (7,930 ft) above sea level. Tomorr is situated within the Tomorr National Park, which is noted for its diverse species of deciduous and coniferous trees and a great variety of flora.[2] Many endangered species are free to roam and live in this area such as bears (Ursus arctos), wolf (Canis lupus), and birds of prey. Mount Tomorr offers various sports such as hiking, horse or donkey riding, canoeing, and skiing.

History and legend[edit]

In the classical period, Mount Tomorr was originally known as Mount Amyron (Greek: Άμυρον); Amyron was a central feature of the region of Dassaretis, which was named after its inhabitants the Dexari, a tribe of Epirus belonging to the Chaonian group of northwestern ancient Greeks.[3]

Mount Tomorr is a sacred site to both Christians, who climb it on Assumption Day (August 15) to honor the Virgin Mary, and the Bektashi, who honor Abbas ibn Ali during an annual pilgrimage on August 20–25.[4]

In Albanian folklore, Mount Tomorr is anthropomorphized and associated with the legendary figure of Baba Tomor, envisioned as an old giant with a long flowing white beard and four female eagles hovering above him and perching on his snow-covered slopes.[4] According to German folklorist Maximilian Lambertz, Baba Tomor is the remnant of an Illyrian deity.[4]

The cult of Mount Tomorr can be found in the Rilindja period of Albanian literature where authors such as Konstantin Kristoforidhi, Naim bey Frashëri, Anton Zako Çajupi, Asdreni, Hilë Mosi, and Ndre Mjeda devoted their works of prose and poetry to Father Tomor.[4]

Forests of Tomorr
Bektashi tekke on the peak
Osum river and Tomorr in the background

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ TREGUES SIPAS QARQEVE INDICATORS BY PREFECTURES at the Wayback Machine (archived 2011-07-24)
  2. ^ "Strategjia Territoriale" (PDF). planifikimi.gov.al (in Albanian). p. 47. 
  3. ^ Hammond 1994, pp. 422–423; Hammond & Griffith 1972, p. 94.
  4. ^ a b c d e Elsie 2001, "Tomor, Mount", pp. 252–254.

Sources[edit]