Mount Washington Hillclimb Auto Race
The Mount Washington Hillclimb Auto Race, also known as the Climb to the Clouds, is a timed hillclimb auto race up the Mount Washington Auto Road to the summit of Mount Washington in New Hampshire. It is one of the oldest auto races in the country, first run on July 11 and 12, 1904, predating the Indianapolis 500 and the Pikes Peak Hillclimb. The event was revived in 2011 and was held again in 2014, with another event scheduled for 2017.
The Mount Washington Hill Climb Auto Race was held off and on from 1904–1961, then not again until 1990, when Howie Wemyss, manager of the Auto Road, Robert Brotherus, a Finnish rally driver, and 11-time Sports Car Club of America (SCCA) ProRally champion, John Buffum, brought the race back.
Originally created by early auto manufactures to showcase their vehicles, the Auto Road was chosen to prove the ability of these "horseless carriages". The inaugural "Climb to the Clouds" featured many makes of cars including Rambler, Mercedes, Oldsmobile, Stanley Steamer, Pierce, and a single Daimler, which were placed in categories based on their price. Although the Daimler and the Stanley Steamer driven by F. E. Stanley were favored, Harry Harkness drove to victory in a Mercedes, which ascended the 7.4-mile (11.9 km) course in 24 minutes, 37 seconds. This was quite impressive compared to the 2 hours, 10 minutes it took the first automobile to climb the Auto Road in 1899, a Stanley Locomobile. The course runs from an altitude of 1,604 feet (489 m) at Glen House to 6,260 feet (1,908 m) at the summit, for an average gradient of 11.8%.
The event was won by Erwin "Cannonball" Baker in 1928 with a time of 14:49.6 seconds, driving a Franklin. Ab Jenkins won in 1930. Baker won again in 1932. Carroll Shelby drove a specially prepared Ferrari roadster to a record run of 10 minutes 21.8 seconds on his way to victory in 1956. In 1961, Bill Rutan drove a Porsche Carrera-powered Volkswagen to set a record time of 9:13.0, which stood until the race returned in 1990. Upon the race's return, Tim O'Neil set a time of 7:45, driving a VW Golf rally car. The current record is 6 minutes, 9.09 seconds, set by David Higgins of the Isle of Man, driving a Subaru WRX STI in 2014. The fastest speed ever clocked was 113 mph by 6-time New England Hillclimb Champion Jerry Driscoll of East Randolph, Vermont, driving a 600 hp "Hillclimb Special" in 1999. This record held until 2011 while driving the same car, he broke his own record clocking 114.6 mph 2 days before his 69th birthday.
Prior to the event's return in 2011, the last fullblown hillclimb race was in 2001, won by Paul Choiniere with a time of 4:59.73 on a weather-shortened course in his 500 hp methanol-fueled, all wheel drive Hyundai Tiburon. In 2004 the event was restarted as a historic event, with emphasis placed on vintage cars.
The 2014 running of Climb to the Clouds included the first electric race car to compete in the history of this event. EVSR, the fully electric racecar, was piloted by Tim O'Neil, former overall hill record holder, to a time of 7:28. O'Neil bested his previous overall hill record by 16 seconds and put his mark onto Mt. Washington once more by setting the fastest electric record.
|1904||Harry Harkness||Mercedes 60 h.p.||24:37.6 sec|| July 11/12.|
|1905||William M. Hilliard||Napier 40-60 h.p.||20:58.4 sec|| Passenger Frank Townsend.|
|Oscar Hedstrom||Indian motorcycle||20:59.2 sec|| July 17/18. Event held during Glidden Tour.|
|1923||Ralph Mulford||Chandler||17.00.0 sec|||
|1928||"Cannonball" Baker||Franklin||14:49.6 sec|||
|1930||Ab Jenkins||Studebaker President 8||14:23.0 sec|||
|1932||"Cannonball" Baker||Graham eight||13:26.0 sec|||
|1934||Al Miller||Hudson eight||13:20.6 sec|||
|1935||J. Rueter||Ford V8 Special||12:46.4 sec R|| July 7.|
|1936||L. Quimby||Willys 77||13:45.0 sec||July 26.|
|1937||B. Collier Jr||Alfa Romeo 8C 2300||14:50.5 sec||July 11.|
|1938||L. Ladd||Ford V8 Special||12:17.6 sec R||July 28.|
|1939||John Ewell||BMW||12:53.1 sec||August 26.|
|1940||Lemuel Ladd||Ford V8 Special||12:34.4 sec||August 25.|
|1953||Sherwood Johnson||10:46.6 sec R||August 15/16.|
|1954||Sherwood Johnson||Jaguar Special||10:44.8 sec R|| August 15.|
|1956||Carroll Shelby||Ferrari 375 GP 4.5-litre||10:21.8 sec R|| August 14/15.|
|1961||Bill Rutan||Porsche Special||9:13.0 sec R|
|1990||Tim O'Neil||VW Rally Golf||7:45.0 sec R|
|1991||Paul Choiniere||Audi Quattro||7:09.61 sec R|
|1992||Frank Sprongl||Audi Quattro||7:08.61 sec R|
|1993||Paul Choiniere||Audi Quattro||6:46.62 sec R|
|1995||Paul Choiniere||Hyundai Elantra||6:45.22 sec R|
|1998||Frank Sprongl||Audi Quattro||6:41.99 sec R|
|2011||David Higgins||Subaru WRX STI||6:11.54 sec R|||
|2014||David Higgins and co-driver Craig Drew||Subaru WRX STI||6:09.09 sec R|||
Key: R = Course Record.
- "Climb to the Clouds Cancelled for 2002". rallyracingnews.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23.
- "History of the Climb to the Clouds Event". climbtotheclouds.com. Retrieved 2008-01-23.
- Other sources note that the Eagle Rock Hill Climb was first held on Thanksgiving Day 1901 on the Eagle Rock Reservation in West Orange, New Jersey (Joseph Fagan, Images of America, Eagle Rock Reservation. Arcadia).
- J. Trask, Mount Washington Summit Road Company, Board of Directors
- "Climb to the Clouds ™". climbtotheclouds.com.
- "History of the Climb to the Clouds Race (continued)". climbtotheclouds.com/. Retrieved 2008-01-23.
- Boston Journal, July 17, 1904, Page 1; International Motor Cyclopaedia, Year Book-March 1908 to March 1909, Page 101, Publisher: E.E. Schwarzkopf, New York.
- Boston Journal, July 19, 1905, Page 1.
- Wilkes-Barre Times, May 27, 1907, Page 7.
- Wilkes Barre Sunday Independent, February 17, 1924, Page 35.
- New York Times, October 7, 1928, Page XX17.
- The Washington Post, September 16, 1930, Page 11.
- Times-Picayune, July 24, 1932, Page 22.
- New York Times, July 22, 1934, Page 12XX.
- 1935-1940 derived from John C. Rueter, American Road Racing, 1963, Appendix.
- New York Times, August 16, 1954, Page 2.
- New York Times, July 16, 1956, Page 27.
- "RESULTS". climbtotheclouds.com.
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