Mount Washington Hotel
The Mount Washington Hotel
|Nearest city||Bretton Woods, New Hampshire|
|Architect||Charles Alling Gifford, et al.|
|Architectural style||Renaissance Revival, other|
|NRHP Reference #||78000213|
|Added to NRHP||September 27, 1978|
|Designated NHL||June 24, 1986|
The area, part of the town of Carroll, New Hampshire, includes the Bretton Woods ski resort nearby. It is located at the northern end of Crawford Notch, 6 miles (10 km) east of the village of Twin Mountain along U.S. Route 302.
The hotel is owned by the CNL Financial Group, of Orlando, Florida, through its CNL Lifestyle Properties Group and is operated by Omni Hotels & Resorts under the official name of Omni Mount Washington Resort. It is a member of Historic Hotels of America, the official program of the National Trust for Historic Preservation.
The hotel was constructed at a cost of $1.7 million ($44.6 million in 2012 dollars) by Joseph Stickney, a native of Waltham, Massachusetts, who had made a fortune before the age of 30 as a coal broker in Pennsylvania. In 1881 Stickney and his partner, John N. Conyngham, had purchased the Mount Pleasant Hotel nearby from lumberman John T.G. Leavitt, a large early hotel that was later demolished. Subsequently, Stickney began work on his Mount Washington Hotel. He brought in 250 Italian artisans to build it, particularly the granite and stucco masonry. Construction started in 1900 on the Y-shaped hotel, which opened on July 28, 1902. At the opening ceremony, Stickney told the audience, "Look at me, gentlemen ... for I am the poor fool who built all this!" Within a year he was dead at the age of 64.
His wife, Carolyn Stickney, summered at the hotel for the next decade, adding the Sun Dining Room with guest rooms above, the fourth floor between the towers, and the chapel honoring her late husband. Under its capable first manager, John Anderson, the hotel was a success. But the advent of income tax, Prohibition, and the Great Depression curtailed the hospitality business. In 1936, Mrs. Stickney's nephew, Foster Reynolds, inherited the hotel, which closed in 1942 because of World War II. A Boston syndicate bought the extensive property for about $450,000 In 1944. The Bretton Woods monetary conference took place that year, establishing the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. The owners were paid $300,000 for the loss of business and promised a daily room charge of $18 per person for the 19-day conference.
The Mount Washington Hotel and Resort is one of the last surviving grand hotels in the White Mountains and includes an 18-hole Donald Ross-designed golf course, as well as the hotel's original 9-hole course designed by A.H. Findlay.
The hotel opened for its first winter season in 1999. Before that year the hotel would close to guests late in the fall and open in the spring. The entire hotel was overhauled before the winter, with efficient windows installed in the entire hotel.
In January 2009 the Mount Washington Resort completed a 50,000 square feet (4,600 m2) addition that includes a 25,000-square-foot (2,300 m2) spa and a 25,000-square-foot (2,300 m2) conference center.
In November 2010 it was revealed that CNL is seeking to trademark the Mount Washington name. CNL said they were just directing their efforts against other hotels in the area that have the mountain's name and not other businesses that also have it.
In the local area, it is well known for a tradition of grand firework shows for Independence Day on the Fourth of July and on New Year's Eve at midnight.
- List of National Historic Landmarks in New Hampshire
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Coos County, New Hampshire
- Staff (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Mount Washington Hotel". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2007-10-22.
- "CNL Lifestyle Company - Lifestyle Properties - Property List". Cnl.com. 2009-05-15. Retrieved 2010-11-13.
- "Omni Mount Washington Resort, Bretton Woods, a Historic Hotels of America member". Historic Hotels of America. Retrieved January 28, 2014.
- Mt. Pleasant Hotel, 1875–1939, WhiteMountainHistory.org
- Joel J. Bedor, The Mount Washington Hotel & Resort -- a Heritage of Optimism; A Newcomen Society Address, 2003
- Carolyn Pitts (June 1985). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Mount Washington Hotel" (PDF). National Park Service. and PDF (2.84 MB)
- November 11, 2010. "Battle Brews Over Attempt To Trademark 'Mount Washington' - News Story - WMUR Manchester". Wmur.com. Retrieved 2010-11-13.
- November 12, 2010. "Hotel Owners Say Concerns Over Mount Washington Name Overblown - News Story - WMUR Manchester". Wmur.com. Retrieved 2010-11-13.
- Omni Mount Washington Resort — official website
- Bretton Woods Mount Washington Resort — official website for the resort in which the hotel is located
- Virtual tour of the Mount Washington Hotel at historic-hotels-lodges.com
- "The Grand Hotels, the Glory and the Conflagration" at WhiteMountainHistory.org
- Historic Print Shop on the site described by Rick Russack, earmarked for restoration