Mountain Brook, Alabama

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Mountain Brook
The "Old Mill" on Shades Creek
The "Old Mill" on Shades Creek
Official seal of Mountain Brook
Motto: "Find Peace. Find Mountain Brook."
Location of Mountain Brook
Coordinates: 33°29′13″N 86°44′26″W / 33.48694°N 86.74056°W / 33.48694; -86.74056
Country United States
State Alabama
County Jefferson
Incorporated March 24, 1942
 • Type Council-manager
 • Mayor Terry Oden (R)
 • City 12.2 sq mi (31.7 km2)
 • Land 12.2 sq mi (31.7 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 768 ft (140 m)
Population (2013)[1]
 • City 20,359
 • Density 1,701/sq mi (656.8/km2)
 • Metro 1,140,300
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 35213, 35223
Area code(s) 205
FIPS code 01-51696
GNIS feature ID 0123503

Mountain Brook is a city in southeastern Jefferson County, Alabama, and a suburb of Birmingham. According to the 2010 census, the population is 20,413. Mountain Brook is particularly affluent within the Birmingham metropolitan area and has appeared in several lists of America's wealthiest communities.[2] Mountain Brook has been listed as one of the 10 wealthiest communities in the United States based on a 2008 survey that calculates wealth above the regular census limit.[3] Mountain Brook is also well known for being the wealthiest city in the state of Alabama.

Mountain Brook was originally developed in 1929 by local developer Robert Jemison[4] as an extensive residential subdivision, and was incorporated on May 24, 1942.[5] The plans, by Boston-based landscape architect Warren H. Manning, called for estate-sized lots along winding scenic roads and denser commercial development centering on three "villages" knowns as English Village, Mountain Brook Village and Crestline Village. Their subdivisions nearby Cherokee Bend, Brookwood Forest, Overton, and Crestline homes in real[5] nature preserves on the adjacent slopes protected the area from urban encroachment and bridle paths created a recreational network within the development.[5]

Mountain Brook is also the home of the first office park in the nation, built in 1955. This development featured the then novel concepts of ample free parking and low level office buildings with water fountains and landscaped grounds. Mountain Brook built a new city hall, which included a new fire and police station, that was completed in 2013.[6]

Most of the development of Mountain Brook preserved the existing trees. 92.03% of the city is under tree cover, one of the highest ratios in the nation.[7]

Mountain Brook is often referred to as "The Tiny Kingdom" due to its reputation as an enclave for the area's elite[8] and the disparity of wealth between it and City of Birmingham where nearly a quarter of the population lives below the poverty line, according to Census data.

Mountain Brook is the hometown of actors Wayne Rogers, Kate Jackson, and Courteney Cox, and former Green Bay Packers quarterback Bart Starr.


Mountain Brook is located at 33°29′13″N 86°44′26″W / 33.48694°N 86.74056°W / 33.48694; -86.74056 (33.486972, -86.740465).[9]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.2 square miles (32 km2), all of it land.


Historical population
Census Pop.
1950 8,359
1960 12,680 51.7%
1970 19,474 53.6%
1980 19,718 1.3%
1990 19,810 0.5%
2000 20,604 4.0%
2010 20,413 −0.9%
Est. 2013 20,359 −0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
2013 Estimate[11]

As of the census of 2000, there were 20,604 people, 7,954 households, and 5,974 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,684 people per square mile (649.9/km²). There were 8,268 housing units at an average density of 675.8 per square mile (260.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.64% White, 0.31% Black or African American, 0.04% Native American, 0.65% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 0.22% from two or more races. 0.58% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

According to the 2005-2009 American Community Survey, of a population of 20,989, there were 20,729 whites, 7 blacks, 17 Cherokees, 61 Indian-Americans, 143 Chinese-Americans, and 32 people who identified as some other race.

There were 7,998 households out of which 36.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.0% were married couples living together, 5.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.3% were non-families. 22.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the city the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 4.1% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 25.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $100,483, and the median income for a family was $156,647 (these figures had risen to $126,586 and $157,159 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $100,000 versus $39,770 for females. The per capita income for the city was $59,085. None of the population was below the poverty line.


Mountain Brook's Old City Hall

Mountain Brook has a city council/mayor/city manager system of government. The city council consists of 5 members elected at large, and the council considers most issues and appoints the police chief, the fire chief, and the city manager (with the mayor). The Mayor elected in 2013 and is the current Mayor, Terry Oden has been Mayor over five years. Administrative business is handled by the city manager who is appointed by the mayor and city council. As of January 2008 the city manager is Sam Gaston. The Tree Commission and the Planning Commission consider specific issues and usually refer them to the city council.


The city has its own school system, Mountain Brook School System which is consistently rated one of the best in the state.[12] The system includes four elementary schools (Mountain Brook Elementary, Cherokee Bend Elementary, Brookwood Forest Elementary, Crestline Elementary), one junior high school (Mountain Brook Junior High), and a high school (Mountain Brook High School). Many Mountain Brook Schools have been awarded the National Blue Ribbon for Excellence.

There are also two private elementary schools in Mountain Brook: Highlands School, on Old Leeds Road in Cherokee Bend,[13] and N. E. Miles Jewish Day School on Montclair Road.[14]


  1. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-06-07. 
  2. ^ " Special Report". 
  3. ^ "Mountain Brook one of wealthiest communities in U.S.". 
  4. ^ "Birmingham Public Library - Archives: Robert Jemison, Jr.". 
  5. ^ a b c Barefield, Marilyn Davis (1989-12-01). A History of Mountain Brook, Alabama & Incidentally of Shades Valley. Southern University Press. ISBN 0-87651-990-7. 
  6. ^ "Historical marker in Mountain Brook planned to recognize nation's first office park". 
  7. ^
  8. ^ Eskew, Glenn T. (1997-11-12). "Businessmen's Reform". But for Birmingham: The Local and National Movements in the Civil Rights Struggle. The University of North Carolina Press. p. 183. ISBN 0-8078-4667-8. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved August 10, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Best High Schools in Alabama". US News and World Report. Retrieved 18 May 2014. 
  13. ^ "Highlands School". Retrieved 3 March 2015. 
  14. ^ "N.E. Miles Jewish Day School". Retrieved 3 March 2015. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°29′13″N 86°44′26″W / 33.486972°N 86.740465°W / 33.486972; -86.740465