Mountain Time Zone
|Mountain Time Zone|
|05:44, March 20, 2023 MST [refresh]|
06:44, March 20, 2023 MDT [refresh]
|Observance of DST|
|DST is observed in some of this time zone.|
The Mountain Time Zone of North America keeps time by subtracting seven hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) when standard time (UTC−07:00) is in effect, and by subtracting six hours during daylight saving time (UTC−06:00). The clock time in this zone is based on the mean solar time at the 105th meridian west of the Greenwich Observatory. In the United States, the exact specification for the location of time zones and the dividing lines between zones is set forth in the Code of Federal Regulations at 49 CFR 71.[a]
In the United States and Canada, this time zone is generically called Mountain Time (MT). Specifically, it is Mountain Standard Time (MST) when observing standard time, and Mountain Daylight Time (MDT) when observing daylight saving time. The term refers to the Rocky Mountains, which range from British Columbia to New Mexico. In Mexico, this time zone is known as the tiempo de la montaña or zona Pacífico ("Pacific Zone"). In the US and Canada, the Mountain Time Zone is to the east of the Pacific Time Zone and to the west of the Central Time Zone.
In some areas, starting in 2007, the local time changes from MST to MDT at 2 am MST to 3 am MDT on the second Sunday in March and returns at 2 am MDT to 1 am MST on the first Sunday in November.
Sonora in Mexico and most of Arizona in the United States do not observe daylight saving time (DST), and during the spring, summer, and autumn months they are on the same time as Pacific Daylight Time. The Navajo Nation, most of which lies within Arizona but extends into Utah and New Mexico (which do observe DST), does observe DST, although the Hopi Reservation, as well as some Arizona state offices lying within the Navajo Nation, do not.
The largest city in the Mountain Time Zone is Phoenix, Arizona; the Phoenix metropolitan area is the largest metropolitan area in the zone.
One province and one territory are fully contained in the Mountain Time Zone:
On September 24, 2020, Yukon switched to the Mountain Standard Time year-round. Therefore, clocks in Yukon and Alberta are the same in the winter, and Alberta is one hour ahead in summer. Previously, the territory had used the Pacific Time Zone with daylight saving time: UTC−8 in winter and UTC−7 in summer.
One province and one territory are split between the Mountain Time Zone and the Pacific Time Zone:
- British Columbia – northeastern and southeastern regions
- Northwest Territories – Tungsten
One territory and one province are split between the Mountain Time Zone and the Central Time Zone:
- Nunavut: Kitikmeot Region
- Saskatchewan: Lloydminster and vicinity
The following states have the same time as Mountain Time Zone:
- Baja California Sur
- Nayarit: except for the Bahía de Banderas municipality, which uses the Central Time Zone.
- Sonora: no daylight saving time, always on MST.
- Revillagigedo Islands (Colima): three of the four islands have the same time as Mountain Time Zone: Socorro Island, San Benedicto Island and Roca Partida.
Six states are fully contained in the Mountain Time Zone:
- New Mexico
- Arizona (does not use daylight saving time except for Navajo Nation)
Three states are split between the Mountain Time Zone and the Pacific Time Zone. The following locations observe Mountain Time:
- Idaho: Southern Idaho
- Oregon: the majority of Malheur County
- Nevada: West Wendover
Five states are split between the Mountain Time Zone and the Central Time Zone. The following locations observe Mountain Time:
- Kansas: Sherman, Wallace, Greeley and Hamilton Counties
- Nebraska: western third
- North Dakota: the SW corner counties (Adams, Billings, Bowman, Golden Valley, Grant, Hettinger, Slope, Stark) observe MST. The counties of McKenzie, Dunn, and Sioux are split.
- South Dakota: western half
- Texas: El Paso, Hudspeth, and northwestern Culberson Counties
Major metropolitan areas
The following is a list of major cities located within the Mountain Time Zone, ordered alphabetically.
- Albuquerque, New Mexico
- Arvada, Colorado
- Aurora, Colorado
- Boise, Idaho
- Boulder, Colorado
- Billings, Montana
- Calgary, Alberta
- Centennial, Colorado
- Chandler, Arizona
- Chihuahua, Chihuahua
- Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua
- Ciudad Obregón, Sonora
- Colorado Springs, Colorado
- Culiacán, Sinaloa
- Denver, Colorado
- Edmonton, Alberta
- El Paso, Texas
- Flagstaff, Arizona
- Fort Collins, Colorado
- Gilbert, Arizona
- Glendale, Arizona
- Greeley, Colorado
- Hermosillo, Sonora
- La Paz, Baja California Sur
- Lake Havasu City, Arizona
- Lakewood, Colorado
- Lethbridge, Alberta
- Los Mochis, Sinaloa
- Mazatlán, Sinaloa
- Mesa, Arizona
- Missoula, Montana
- Nogales, Sonora
- Peoria, Arizona
- Phoenix, Arizona
- Provo, Utah
- Pueblo, Colorado
- Rapid City, South Dakota
- Red Deer, Alberta
- Salt Lake City, Utah
- San Luis Río Colorado, Sonora
- Scottsdale, Arizona
- Surprise, Arizona
- Tempe, Arizona
- Tepic, Nayarit
- Thornton, Colorado
- Tucson, Arizona
- West Jordan, Utah
- West Valley City, Utah
- Westminster, Colorado
- Yuma, Arizona
- ^ "49 CFR 71.8 Mountain zone". Code of Federal Regulations. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
- ^ "49 CFR 71.7 Boundary line between central and mountain zones". Code of Federal Regulations. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
- ^ "49 CFR 71.9 Boundary line between mountain and Pacific zones". Code of Federal Regulations. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
- ^ Robbins, Ted (11 March 2007). "Arizona Says No to Daylight-Saving Time". Weekend Edition Sunday. National Public Radio. Retrieved 18 June 2012.
- ^ "HOME - Yukon Legislation". Yukon Legislation. Retrieved 16 February 2022.
- World time zone map Archived 24 December 2015 at the Wayback Machine
- U.S. time zone map
- History of U.S. time zones and UTC conversion Archived 8 August 2011 at the Wayback Machine
- Canada time zone map
- Time zones for major world cities
- Official times across Canada
- Official times across Mexico
- Canada time map
- U.S. time map