Mountain bulbul

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Mountain bulbul
Mountain Bulbul - Thailand S4E8708 (16431852453).jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Pycnonotidae
Genus: Ixos
Species: I. mcclellandii
Binomial name
Ixos mcclellandii
(Horsfield, 1840)
  • Hypsipetes mcclellandi
  • Hypsipetes mcclellandii (Horsfield, 1840)

The mountain bulbul (Ixos mcclellandii) is a songbird species in the bulbul family, Pycnonotidae. It is often placed in Hypsipetes, but seems to be closer to the type species of the genus Ixos, the Sunda bulbul.[1][2] It is found in Southeast Asia and is not considered a threatened species by the IUCN.[1] It is named after British East India Company Surgeon John McClelland.

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

The mountain bulbul was originally described in the genus Hypsipetes in 1840 by Thomas Horsfield.[3] Alternate names for the mountain bulbul include the green-winged bulbul, McClelland's bulbul, McClelland's rufous-bellied bulbul, mountain streaked bulbul, and rufous-bellied bulbul. The common name, 'mountain bulbul', is also used as an alternate name for the Cameroon greenbul.


Nine subspecies are currently recognized:[4]

  • I. m. mcclellandii - (Horsfield, 1840): Found from the eastern Himalayas to north-western Myanmar
  • I. m. ventralis - Stresemann & Heinrich, 1940: Found in south-western Myanmar
  • I. m. tickelli - (Blyth, 1855): Originally described as a separate species in the genus Hypsipetes. Found in eastern Myanmar and north-western Thailand
  • I. m. similis - (Rothschild, 1921): Found from north-eastern Myanmar to southern China and northern Indochina
  • I. m. holtii - (Swinhoe, R., 1861): Originally described as a separate species in the genus Hypsipetes. Found in south-eastern China
  • I. m. loquax- Deignan, 1940: Found in north-central and north-eastern Thailand, southern Laos
  • I. m. griseiventer- (Robinson & Kloss, 1919): Found in southern Vietnam
  • I. m. canescens- Riley, 1933: Originally described as a separate species. Found in south-eastern Thailand and south-western Cambodia
  • I. m. peracensis- (Hartert & Butler, AL, 1898): Found on the Malay Peninsula

Distribution and habitat[edit]

It is found from the Indian subcontinent and southern China through Indochina to the Malay Peninsula. Its natural habitat is broadleaved evergreen forests, 800-2590m.[5]


  1. ^ a b c BirdLife International (2012). "Ixos mcclellandii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2013-05-12. 
  2. ^ Gregory, Steven M. (2000): Nomenclature of the Hypsipetes Bulbuls (Pycnonotidae). Forktail 16: 164-166. PDF fulltext Archived 2008-08-28 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "Ixos mcclellandii - Avibase". Retrieved 5 March 2011. 
  4. ^ "Bulbuls « IOC World Bird List". Retrieved 2017-06-14. 
  5. ^ Robson, Craig (2002-10-07). Birds of Thailand. Princeton, N.J: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-00700-7. Retrieved 5 March 2011.