Mountain finch

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For the mountain finches from South America, see Compsospiza and Poospiza caesar.
Mountain finches
Gray-Crowned Rosy-Finch.jpg
Leucosticte tephrocotis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Fringillidae
Subfamily: Carduelinae
Genus: Leucosticte
Swainson, 1832

See text.

The mountain finches are birds in the genus Leucosticte from the true finch family, Fringillidae. This genus also includes the rosy finches, named from their pinkish plumage. They are apparently closely related to the bullfinches[1] and to the pine grosbeak,[2] diverging from them almost twelve million years ago, at the end of the Middle Miocene, although later studies group genus Leucosticte with other "arid-zone" finches: Carpodacus nipalensis, Rhodopechys githaginea and Rhodopechys mongolica.[2][3]

These birds are native to Asia and North America and are typically found in barren mountainous regions. Many species eat more insect material than other finches.

There are seven species in the genus:[4]


  1. ^ Marten, Jill A. & Johnson, Ned K. (1986). "Genetic relationships of North American cardueline finches" (PDF). Condor 88 (4): 409–420. doi:10.2307/1368266. 
  2. ^ a b Arnaiz-Villena, A.; Guillén, J.; Ruiz-del-Valle, V.; Lowy, E.; Zamora, J.; Varela, P.; Stefani, D.; Allende, L. M. (2001). "Phylogeography of crossbills, bullfinches, grosbeaks, and rosefinches" (PDF). Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences 58 (8): 1159–1166. doi:10.1007/PL00000930. PMID 11529508. 
  3. ^ Arnaiz-Villena, A; Moscoso J; Ruiz-del-Valle V; González J; Reguera R; Ferri A; Wink M; Serrano-Vale JI (2008). "Mitochondrial DNA Phylogenetic Definition of a Group'of "Arid-Zone" Carduelini Finches" (PDF). The Open Ornithology Journal 1: 1–7. doi:10.2174/1874453200801010001. 
  4. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Finches, euphonias". World Bird List Version 5.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 5 June 2015.