This article needs additional citations for verification. (February 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
Satureja montana (winter savory or mountain savory), is a perennial, semi-evergreen herb in the family Lamiaceae, native to warm temperate regions of southern Europe, the Mediterranean, and Africa. It has dark green, leaves and summer flowers ranging from pale lavender, or pink to white. While the closely related plant, summer savory (Satureja hortensis L.) is an annual plant.
It grows to between 10 and 40 cm (4 and 16 in) tall. The leathery, dark green, leaves are opposite, oval-lanceolate, (or needle-like , 1–2 cm long and 5 mm broad. The flowers appear in summer, between July and October, and range from pale lavender, or pink to white. The flowers are smaller than summer savoury flowers.
Also commonly known as 'mountain savory'.
Distribution and habitat
Cultivation and uses
Easy to grow, it makes an attractive border plant for any culinary herb garden. It requires six hours of sun a day in soil that drains well. In temperate climates it goes dormant in winter, putting out leaves on the bare stems again in the spring – do not cut the plant back, all those stems which appear dead will leaf out again. It is hardy and has a low bunching habit. It can be used within a herb garden as an edging plant.
In cooking, winter savory has a reputation for going very well with both beans and meats, very often lighter meats such as chicken or turkey, and can be used in stuffing. It can also be used in soups and sauces. It has a strong flavour (more than summer savory), while uncooked but loses much of its flavour under prolonged cooking. It can be added to breadcrumbs, as a coating to various meats including trout.
Winter savory has been purported to have antiseptic, aromatic, carminative, and digestive benefits. It has also been used as an expectorant and in the treatment of bee stings, or insect bites, by the use of a poultice of the leaves. The plant has a stronger action than the closely related summer savory.
Taken internally, it is said to be a remedy for colic and a cure for flatulence, whilst it is also used to treat gastro-enteritis, cystitis, nausea, diarrhoea, bronchial congestion, sore throat and menstrual disorders. It should not be prescribed for pregnant women.
The plant is harvested in the summer when in flower and can be used fresh or dried. The essential oil forms an ingredient in lotions for the scalp in cases of incipient baldness. An ointment made from the plant is used externally to relieve arthritic joints.
In traditional herbal medicine, summer savory was believed to be an aphrodisiac, while winter savory was believed to inhibit sexual desire (an anaphrodisiac). A french herbalist Maurice Messegue claimed that savory was 'the herb of happiness'.
- "Satureja montana L. is an accepted name". theplantlist.org. 23 March 2012. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
- Gutzerová, Naděžda. "SATUREJA MONTANA L. – saturejka horská". botany.cz. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
- Linford, Jenny (2010). A concise guide to herbs. Bath: Parragon. p. 210. ISBN 9781405487993.
- "Satureja montana winter savory". rhs.org.u. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
- Bob Beckstrom, Karan Davis Cutler, Kathleen Fisher, Phillip Giroux, Judy Glattstein, Michael MacCaskey, Bill Marken, Charlie Nardozzi, Sally Roth, Marcia Tatroe, Lance Walheim and Ann Whitman Gardening All-in-One For Dummies, p. 674, at Google Books
- "Satureja montana - L". pfaf.org. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
- "Savory Satureja hortensis / Satureja montana". herbs2000.com. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
- K. V. Peter (Editor) Handbook of Herbs and Spices, Volume 2, p. 95, at Google Books
- Vladić, Jelena; Zeković, Zoran; Jokić, Stela; Svilović, Sandra; Kovačević, Strahinja; Vidović, Senka (November 2016). "Winter savory: Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction and mathematical modeling of extraction process". The Journal of Supercritical Fluids. 117: 89–97. doi:10.1016/j.supflu.2016.05.027. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
- "Lamiaceae Satureja montana L". ipni.org. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
- Archibald William Smith A Gardener's Handbook of Plant Names: Their Meanings and Origins, p. 239, at Google Books
- Sandra-Jane Goddard What Mary Knew, p. 241, at Google Books
- Jane Eastoe Herbs: Inspiration and Practical Advice for Gardeners, p. 85, at Google Books
- winter savory
- "Creeping Winter Savory 'Nana'". davesgarden.com. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
- "Winter savory". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
- Terry Breverton Breverton's Complete Herbal: A Book of Remarkable Plants and Their Uses, p. 580, at Google Books
- "Savory recipes". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
- Joan Parry Dutton Plants of Colonial Williamsburg: How to Identify 200 of Colonial America's ..., p. 153, at Google Books
- J. Ingle and Nicholas Culpeper Pocket companion to Culpeper's herbal, or English physician, p. 9, at Google Books
- Oberg K, Rolling L, Oberg C. in The Journal of the Utah Academy of Sciences, Arts, and Letters. 2005;82:60-72
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Satureja montana.|