Moussa Faki

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Moussa Faki
موسى فكي
Moussa Faki Mahamat.jpg
Chair of the African Union Commission
Assumed office
14 March 2017
DeputyThomas Kwasi Quartey
Preceded byNkosazana Dlamini-Zuma
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
23 April 2008 – 30 January 2017
Prime MinisterYoussouf Saleh Abbas
Emmanuel Nadingar
Djimrangar Dadnadji
Kalzeubet Pahimi Deubet
Albert Pahimi Padacké
Preceded byAhmad Allam-Mi
Succeeded byHissein Brahim Taha
11th Prime Minister of Chad
In office
24 June 2003 – 4 February 2005
PresidentIdriss Déby
Preceded byHaroun Kabadi
Succeeded byPascal Yoadimnadji
Personal details
Born (1960-06-21) 21 June 1960 (age 58)
Biltine, Chad
Political partyPatriotic Salvation Movement

Moussa Faki Mahamat (Arabic: موسى فكي محمدMūsā Fakī Muḥammad, born 21 June 1960) is a Chadian politician and diplomat who has been Chairperson of the African Union Commission since 14 March 2017. Previously he was Prime Minister of Chad from 24 June 2003 to 4 February 2005 and Minister of Foreign Affairs from April 2008 to January 2017. Faki, a member of the ruling Patriotic Salvation Movement (MPS),[1] belongs to the Zaghawa ethnic group, the same group as President Idriss Déby.[2]

On 30 January 2017, he was elected as Chairperson of the African Union Commission.

Biography[edit]

Faki was born in the town of Biltine in eastern Chad. He attended university in Brazzaville in the Republic of the Congo, where he studied law. He went into exile when Hissein Habré took power on June 7, 1982 and joined the Democratic Revolutionary Council headed by Acheikh Ibn Oumar; however, he did not return to Chad when Acheikh joined with Habré in 1988. He eventually returned on 7 June 1991, after Déby took power. He was director-general of two ministries before serving as the Director-General of the National Sugar Company (SONASUT)[1] between 1996 and 1999.[citation needed]

Subsequently, he served as Director of the Cabinet of President Déby from March 1999 to July 2002, and he was Déby's campaign director for the May 2001 presidential election.[1][3] Faki was then appointed as Minister of Public Works and Transport in the government of Prime Minister Haroun Kabadi, which was named on June 12, 2002.[4] After a year in that post, he was appointed as Prime Minister by Déby on June 24, 2003, replacing Kabadi. The appointment of Faki was unusual because, with Faki being a northerner, it meant that both the President and Prime Minister would be from the north; typically the post of Prime Minister was given to a southerner in order to balance the fact that the Presidency was held by Déby, a northerner.[5] Faki resigned in early February 2005 amidst a civil service strike and a rumored quarrel with Déby.[2]

Faki was nominated as a member of the Economic, Social and Cultural Council on 19 January 2007,[6] and was then elected as the Council's President in mid-February 2007.[7] In the government of Prime Minister Youssouf Saleh Abbas, which was announced on April 23, 2008, he was appointed as Minister of Foreign Affairs.[8][9]

On 30 January 2017, he was elected to succeed South Africa's Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma as Chairperson of the African Union Commission, defeating Amina Mohamed of Kenya.[10][11] Hissein Brahim Taha was appointed to replace him as Chadian Minister of Foreign Affairs on 5 February 2017.[12] Faki took office as Chairperson of the AU Commission on 14 March 2017.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Page on Faki Archived 2012-02-11 at the Wayback Machine, Afrique Express (in French).
  2. ^ a b "Prime Minister resigns after civil servant strikes", IRIN, 4 February 2005.
  3. ^ "Un nouveau Premier ministre «nordiste» Nouveau gouvernement" Archived 2007-12-13 at the Wayback Machine, Afrique Express, number 273, July 1, 2003 (in French).
  4. ^ "Le gouvernement du Tchad, formé le 12 juin 2002" Archived 2013-10-15 at the Wayback Machine, Afrique Express, number 251, 18 June 2002 (in French).
  5. ^ "Chad: President Deby appoints Moussa Faki Mahamat as new prime minister", Radio France Internationale, 24 June 2003.
  6. ^ "Decret n°042 /PR /2007, Portant nomination des membres du Conseil Economique, Social et Culturel", Chadian presidency website, 19 January 2007 (in French).
  7. ^ Valery Gottingar, "M. Moussa Faki Mahamat est élu Président du Conseil Economique, Social et Culturel", Chadian government website, 15 February 2007 (in French).
  8. ^ "Tchad: l'opposition entre dans le nouveau gouvernement tchadien", Agence-France-Presse, 23 April 2008 (in French).
  9. ^ "Liste des Membres du Gouvernement du 23 Avril 2008", Website of the Chadian Presidency (in French).
  10. ^ Ed Cropley, "Chad's foreign minister secures top post at African Union", Reuters, 30 January 2017.
  11. ^ "Morocco to rejoin African Union despite Western Sahara dispute", BBC News, 30 January 2017.
  12. ^ Ken Karuri, "Chad reshuffles cabinet as Moussa Faki takes over as AU chair", Africanews, 6 February 2017.
  13. ^ "Union africaine : le Tchadien Moussa Faki prend les rênes de l’organisation", Jeune Afrique, 14 March 2017 (in French).

External links[edit]

Media related to Moussa Faki at Wikimedia Commons

Political offices
Preceded by
Haroun Kabadi
Prime Minister of Chad
2003–2005
Succeeded by
Pascal Yoadimnadji
Preceded by
Ahmad Allam-Mi
Minister of Foreign Affairs
2008–2017
Succeeded by
Hissein Brahim Taha
Positions in intergovernmental organisations
Preceded by
Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma
Chair of the African Union Commission
2017–present
Incumbent