Moussa Moumouni Djermakoye

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Moussa Moumouni Djermakoye (born 26 April 1944[1]) is a Nigerien politician who has been President of the Nigerien Alliance for Democracy and Progress (ANDP-Zaman Lahiya), a political party in Niger, since 2010. As a high-ranking army officer, he was Army Chief of Staff for a time and also briefly served as Minister of National Defense in 1999 as part of a transitional military regime. After retiring from the army and beginning a political career, he stood as the ANDP's candidate in the 2011 presidential election, winning only a small share of the vote. Since December 2011, he has been President of the Economic, Social and Cultural Council of Niger (CESOC).

Military and political career[edit]

As an army officer with the rank of colonel, Moussa Moumouni Djermakoye was the Army Chief of Staff at the time of the assassination of President Ibrahim Bare Mainassara by soldiers undertaking a coup d'etat on 9 April 1999. Amidst the confusion that followed the coup, it was suggested that he might head the junta that took power,[2] but instead he was appointed as Minister of National Defense in the junta's transitional government, appointed a week after the coup.[3][4] The transition ended with the swearing-in of an elected President, Mamadou Tandja, on 22 December 1999.[5]

Djermakoye is the brother of Moumouni Adamou Djermakoye,[6][7] who led the ANDP, a political party, from the time of its creation in the early 1990s until his death in June 2009.[7][8] Following a coup that ousted Tandja in February 2010, Djermakoye was appointed as Special Adviser to the President of the Supreme Council for the Restoration of Democracy, Salou Djibo, in March 2010.[9]

Djermakoye, having retired from the military,[7] was elected to succeed his brother as ANDP President at an extraordinary party congress on 20 June 2010. He won the vote easily; he received 278 votes, while Amadou Nouhou received 85 votes and Ali Seyni Gado received 66 votes.[6] Speaking to Le Sahel after the congress, he said that he did not find it very remarkable that he had shifted from a career in the military to the leadership of a political party. Although he lacked elective political experience due to his service in the military, he observed that he had nevertheless held administrative posts during periods of military rule and therefore felt he was sufficiently experienced for the role.[7] He was subsequently nominated to stand as the ANDP candidate in the January 2011 presidential election, and the Transitional Constitutional Council approved his candidacy, along with nine others, on 22 December 2010.[10]

In the first round of the presidential election, held on 31 January 2011, Djermakoye received 3.95% of the vote.[11] On 10 February 2011, he announced his support for the candidacy of the first round's leading candidate, Mahamadou Issoufou, in the second round. Djermakoye was one of several unsuccessful first round candidates who gave their support to Issoufou at that time, helping to give the momentum to Issoufou in his second round campaign against Seyni Oumarou.[12]

Djermakoye also stood as an ANDP candidate in the January 2011 parliamentary election and was elected to the National Assembly.[13] He was appointed as President of the Economic, Social and Cultural Council, a state institution, on 9 December 2011.[14] Consequently he vacated from his parliamentary seat.[15]


  1. ^ "Election présidentielle 1er tour: Portraits des candidats", Le Sahel, 21 January 2011, page 9 (French).
  2. ^ "Crisis talks on Niger's future", BBC News, 11 April 1999.
  3. ^ "New government named in Niger", BBC News, 17 April 1999.
  4. ^ "Military government names new cabinet", IRIN, 19 April 1999.
  5. ^ "Tandja sworn in as president", IRIN, 22 December 1999.
  6. ^ a b M. Bako, "L'ancien Colonel Moussa Moumouni Djermakoye élu président du Parti", Le Sahel, 21 June 2010 (French).
  7. ^ a b c d "M. Moussa Moumouni Djermakoye, président de l'ANDP/Zaman Lahiya : « Les deux autres candidats et moi, nous nous sommes fermement engagés à travailler pour le renforcement et la cohésion du parti »", Le Sahel, 2 July 2010 (French).
  8. ^ "Décès de Moumouni Djermakoye", Radio France Internationale, 14 June 2009 (French).
  9. ^ "A la Présidence du Conseil Suprême pour la Restauration de la Démocratie : nominations de Conseillers spéciaux et techniques à la Présidence du CSRD", Le Sahel, 31 March 2010 (French).
  10. ^ "Au Conseil Constitutionnel : dix (10) candidats déclarés éligibles aux Présidentielles 2011", Le Sahel, 23 December 2010 (French).
  11. ^ "Niger: Amadou soutient Issoufou pour le 2e tour de la présidentielle", Agence France-Presse, 9 February 2011 (French).
  12. ^ "Niger's Issoufou expands alliance ahead of run-off", Reuters, 11 February 2011.
  13. ^ "Arrêt n° 009/11/CCT/ME du 16 mars 2011", Transitional Constitutional Council, 16 March 2011 (French).
  14. ^ "Au Conseil des ministres : adoption de la Seconde Revue de la Gestion des Dépenses Publiques et de la Responsabilité Financière (PEMFAR II) (Volume I et Volume II) et du Programme de Réformes en matière de Gestion des Finances Publiques (PRGFP) 2011-2014", Le Sahel, 12 December 2011 (French).
  15. ^ Moctar Gazoby, "Niger-parlement: Un autre député de la majorité rend sa démission", Direct Niger, 8 March 2012 (French).