Sow playing for Fenerbahçe in 2014
|Date of birth||19 January 1986|
|Place of birth||Mantes-la-Jolie, France|
|Height||1.80 m (5 ft 11 in)|
|Fenerbahçe (on loan from Al-Ahli)|
|2007–2008||→ Sedan (loan)||30||(6)|
|2016–||→ Fenerbahçe (loan)||1||(0)|
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only and correct as of 22 January 2016.
He started his professional career at Stade Rennais in 2004 as an 18-year-old. In his first couple of seasons, Sow made his mark mostly in cup competitions, scoring a brace for Rennes against Corte on 6 January 2006 in the Coupe de France and one in an away game against Lille in the Coupe de la Ligue. He was loaned out to Sedan in 2007, scoring six goals in 30 appearances for the club. Upon his return to Rennes, he was the club's first-choice striker for two seasons before joining Lille on a free transfer In June 2010. He joined Fenerbahçe in 2012.
Born in France, he represents Senegal at international level.
After his contract with Rennes came to an end, the 24-year–old forward signed a three-year deal with Lille on 28 June 2010. Sow scored on his debut for Lille in a 1–1 draw away to his former club Rennes. But Moussa Sow did not score again in the league until a 90th-minute goal on 19 September gave Lille all three points in a tough home contest against Auxerre.
Sow scored his first hat-trick for Lille on 13 November 2010, the goals came in a 5–2 away victory to Caen, with both Gervinho and Franck Beria grabbing 90th-minute goals to seal the win. Less than a month later on 5 December 2010, Sow netted another hat-trick this time against Lorient. His goals helped Lille to a 6–3 win and firmly placed his side into contention for the Ligue 1 crown. Lille went into the winter break in sole position of first place, as Sow fired in their only goal in a 1–1 draw with Saint Étienne on 22 December 2010.
Sow scored his 22nd goal of the Ligue 1 campaign in a 2–2 draw with Paris Saint-Germain on 21 May 2011. The result ensured that Lille would secure their first Ligue 1 title since 1954. Sow scored his third hat-trick, on the final day of the season, as Lille tied the knot on their championship season with an emphatic 3–2 victory over former club Rennes. Sow was the top scorer during the 2010–11 season with 25 league goals and also contributed with three assists.
On 27 January 2012, Fenerbahçe acquired Sow for €10 million. Sow signed a 4.5-year contract which will see him remain at the club until the end of 2015–16 season. Sow made his debut in a local rivalry against Beşiktaş on 5 February 2012 and scored a goal in the second minute of injury time. On 18 March he scored the first goal of the derby match with a bicycle kick against rivals Galatasaray. He continued his good run of form, as he scored a late equaliser against Kayserispor to earn a draw for his team in quarter-finals of the Turkish Cup on 12 April 2012, helping his team to reach the semi-finals through a penalty shoot-out. Sow also scored the second goal for his team against rivals Trabzonspor on 15 April 2012. Over the course of the 2011–12 season Sow played 12 league matches and scored 7 goals. Sow earned his first trophy with Fener in the Turkish Cup final on 16 May as the club ripped apart Bursaspor by a score of 4–0.
In the 2012–13 season Sow played 22 league matches and scored 13 goals, also scoring 3 goals in European matches. On 3 March 2013 Fenerbahçe played a derby match with Beşiktaş and Sow scored 2 goals in this match. On 10 March 2013 Sow scored one more goal on against Bursaspor, also Fenerbahçe won the match with score 4–1. On 17 March 2013 Sow scored 1 goal against Antalyaspor and Fenerbahçe won this match 2–1, with this goal Sow scored 4 goals last 3 weeks. On 22 May 2013, Sow scored the solitary goal as Fenerbahçe defeated Trabzonspor to secure the club's second straight 2012–13 Turkish Cup, consolation for falling short to city rivals Galatasaray in the league campaign. On 21 September 2013 Fenerbahçe were victorious in a 4-0 win against Elazığspor. Sow completed his first hat-trick for Fenerbahçe during this match.
On 5 September 2010, Sow scored his first goal for Senegal in a 4–0 defeat of the Democratic Republic of Congo during qualifying for the 2012 Africa Cup of Nations. He scored three more times in the qualifying phase as well as once in a 2–1 defeat to Equatorial Guinea at the tournament finals.