Movement demanding trial of war criminals (Bangladesh)

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Movement demanding trial of war criminals
Shahbag Projonmo Square Uprising Demanding Death Penalty of the War Criminals of 1971 in Bangladesh 32.jpg
Location Bangladesh
Caused by
  • Civil conflict
  • Protest
  • Online protest

The movement demanding trial of war criminals is a protest movement in Bangladesh, from 1972 to present.


In 1972, the spouses of martyred intellectuals started the peaceful protest. Zahir Rayhan's wife took first step for this.[4]


In 1979 a protest started by the hand of Mujtijoddha Sangsod.[5]


In 1988 protest was incited by Dr. M A Hasan's Shahid Lft. Selim Mancho.[6]


As the ruler of Bangladesh, President Ziaur Rahman (1975–1981) enacted several controversial measures, ostensibly to win the support of Islamic political parties and opponents of the Awami League. In 1978, he revoked the ban on the Jamaat-e-Islami, which was widely believed to have collaborated with the Pakistani army and members of which are alleged to have committed war crimes against civilians.

Ghulam Azam, the exiled chief of the Jammat-e-Islami, was allowed to come back to Bangladesh in July 1978. In 1991 December Ghulam Azam, was elected the Amir of Jamaat-e-Islam. Subsequently, Jahanara Imam organized the Ghatak-Dalal Nirmul Committee (Committee to exterminate the Killers and Collaborators), and became its public face. The committee called for the trial of people who committed crimes against humanity in the 1971 Bangladesh Liberation War in collaboration with the Pakistani forces. The Ghatak-Dalal Nirmul Committee set up mock trials in Dhaka in March 1992 known as Gonoadalot (Court of the people) and 'sentenced' persons they accused of being war criminals. Imam and others were charged with treason. This charge was, however, dropped in 1996 after her death by the Chief Advisor Mohammed Habibur Rahman of the Caretaker government of that time.

The activities of the "Ekattorer Ghatak-Dalal Nirmul Committee" led by Jahanara Imam were deemed unlawful by the Government of Bangladesh.[7]


Sector Commanders Forum calls for protest.


Human chain by the students of Govt. Bangla College

On 2007, at the regime of military backed Caretaker government, students of Govt. Bangla College took step for mass protest like Human Chain, Symbolic Hunger Strike, Rally, Discussion, Silence Protest, Flower placement demanding trial of war criminals of 1971 and to build monument for martyrs in Bangla College Killing Field.[8][9][10][11][12] Organizations based on Liberation war, cultural organization, VIPs, political parties expressed deep support to this movement led and co-ordinated by general students.[13][14][15][16][17] Students played strong role in street from 2007 to 2010 and also continues activity in internet still now[18][19][20][21][22]


The 2013 Shahbag protests, associated with a central neighborhood of Dhaka, Bangladesh, began on February 5, 2013 and later spread to other parts of Bangladesh, as people demanded capital punishment for Abdul Quader Mollah, who had been sentenced to life imprisonment, and for others convicted of war crimes by the International Crimes Tribunal.[23][24] On that day, the International Crimes Tribunal had sentenced Abdul Quader Mollah to life in prison after he was convicted on five of six counts of war crimes.[25][26] Later demands included banning the Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami party from politics and a boycott of institutions supporting (or affiliated with) the party.[27][24][28]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Shahbagh grand rally demands ban on Jamaat". The Daily Star. 9 February 2013. Retrieved 9 February 2013. 
  2. ^ "Cry for Jamaat ban". 8 February 2013. Retrieved 9 February 2013. 
  3. ^ "Vow to boycott Jamaat institutions". 9 February 2013. Retrieved 9 February 2013. 
  4. ^ Daily Desh, 26 February 1972
  5. ^ Muktijoddha Sangsad, edited by Muntasir Rahman, third part
  6. ^ Juddhaporadh, Gonohotta O Bicharer Onneshon
  7. ^ "Shahid Janani Jahanara Imamer andoloner 15 bochor" by Shahriar Kabir, published by Ekattorer Ghatak-Dalal Nirmul Committee
  8. ^ "2008 (E) Khabar 2 March". Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  9. ^ "2008 (G) Bhorer Kagoj 2 March". Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  10. ^ "2008 (D) Jai Jai Din 2 March". Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  11. ^ "2008 (F) Shamakal 2 March". Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  12. ^ "2008 (C) daily STAR 2 March". Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  13. ^ "2007 (A) Shamokal 1 Dec". Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  14. ^ "Students join hands to salvage history". The Daily Star. 12 December 2007. 
  15. ^ "2007 (C) Bhorer Kagog 13 Dec". Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  16. ^ "2007 (D) Shamakal 14 Dec". Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  17. ^ Daily Shamakal, 1 February 2008
  18. ^ Daily Destiny, 1 February 2009
  19. ^ "2009 (D) Primary Achievement 31 January Jugantor". Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  20. ^ "2009 (E) Jugantor Campus 28 February". Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  21. ^ "Restore killing field at Mirpur Bangla College". The Daily Star. 26 March 2008. 
  22. ^ "Human Chain of Sector Commanders Forum on 10 July 2010 in front of Engineer's Institution at 11 am. Students and Ex-students of Bangla College attended on the program with SCF and others..." Retrieved 20 August 2016. 
  23. ^ "The International Crimes (Tribunals) Act, 1973". Retrieved 1 March 2013. 
  24. ^ a b "Protesters demand death for Bangladesh war crimes Islamist". Reuters. 6 February 2013. Retrieved 8 February 2013. 
  25. ^ "Summary of verdict in Quader Mollah case". The Daily Star. 6 February 2013. 
  26. ^ Rabbi, Saimul Islam (16 Feb 2013). "Bangladesh 1971: War Crimes, Genocide and Crimes against Humanity". BD News 24. Archived from the original on 2013-10-13. 
  27. ^ Rahman, Mashiur (28 February 2013). "Analysis: Calls grow for banning Jamaat-e-Islami in BD". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 1 March 2013. 
  28. ^ "Thousands in Bangladesh war crimes protest". Aljazeera. February 8, 2013. Retrieved February 8, 2013. 

External links[edit]

  • containing information and photos of protest by Bangla College students
  • containing information and photos of protest in Shahbag