Movement for Change
|Split from||Patriotic Union of Kurdistan|
|Headquarters||Sulaymaniyah, Iraqi Kurdistan|
|Council of Representatives of Iraq||
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The Movement for Change (Kurdish: Bizûtinewey Gorran, Kurdish: بزووتنەوەی گۆڕان) also known as Change List (Kurdish: Lîstî Gorran) or Gorran ("Change") is an Iraqi Kurdish political party under the leadership of Nawshirwan Mustafa, founded in 2009 it is the official opposition to the ruling two-party coalition of the Kurdistan Democratic Party and Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (Kurdistan List) which governs the Kurdistan Regional Government.
According to the BBC Gorran had "already shaken the political landscape in Kurdish areas" in March 2010. Support for the Movement for Change "stems from the simple fact that it is the new, dynamic, fresh option in Kurdistan" and its "calls for an end to monopoly control of power". One of Gorran's main objectives is to "uproot rampant corruption". The party is particularly popular with the youth of Kurdistan and campaigns against patronage. It consists of a mix of (former) PUK/KDP members, Peshmerga, and academics. Gorran supporters have often faced "violent intimidation". Gorran have stated in The Economist that "the KDP and PUK have done a poor job of promoting the Kurds’ interests at the federal parliament in Baghdad". The party in the 2009 and 2010 elections "won in the city and the province of Sulaimaniyah".
Iraqi Kurdistan parliamentary election, 2009
The movement's platform for the 2009 election was to de-politicise the regional government, strengthen the judiciary, limit political interference in the economy and make the budget more transparent. Supporting federalism for Iraqi Kurdistan, it said disputes with the central government could be solved through dialogue based on the Iraqi Constitution.
Jwamer Mustafa then Gorran spokesmen quoted in Newsweek in 2009 elections as saying "We will campaign on an anti-corruption, public-services, and infrastructure agenda, across all the region—not only in Gorran's stronghold, Sulaymaniyah, but also in the neighboring provinces of Erbil and Duhok"
The Change List won a total of 25 seats in the July 2009 elections, making it the second-most successful list in the election after the Kurdistani List. The party viewed the election results as a huge victory.
Iraqi parliamentary election, 2010
Considered to be the main opposition to Kurdistan List, particularly in areas dominated by the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan. The campaign focused on addressing what it sees as corruption undertaken by the Kurdistan Democratic Paty and Patriotic Union of Kurdistan. It managed to win eight seats.
2011 Kurdish protests in Iraq
In 2011 the party called for the resignation of the Cabinet and the disbanding of the Kurdistan Regional Government during the protests in Kurdistan that followed the 2011 Egyptian protests. This was accompanied by protests against the Kurdistan Regional Government and the Kurdistan Democratic Party. Some[who?] have criticized the party for causing unnecessary unrest, arguing that there is no need for the Kurdish government to step down. Amnesty International and the Human Rights Watch have urged protests to be allowed. February 17, 2011, Human Rights Watch reported security guards firing on protesters in Sulaimaniya, killing at least one person and wounding more than 33 others after the crowd threw rocks at the political headquarters of the KDP. On February 16, Iraqi police in Kut, southeast of Baghdad, opened fire on angry, rock throwing demonstrators outside the governorate of Wasit province, killing three and wounding more than 50, according to various news reports and a protest organizer. Since there were shootings which led to deaths, Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch called for an independent investigation into the killings.
The office of the general coordinator is held by the most senior party official, it is currently held by Nawshirwan Mustafa who is the founder of the Movement for Change and Co-Founder of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
The National Assembly (Jivat) which is the movements leadership body includes the general coordinator, the leaders of Gorran blocs in Iraqi and Kurdish parliaments, leaders of the different Gorran chambers, district officials and representatives who were successful in Gorran’s internal elections
|Nawshirwan Mustafa||General coordinator of Gorran|
|Chia Nawshirwan Mustafa||Head of Strategy Chamber|
|Sarkawt Hassan Jalal (Kubba)||Head of Gorran Sulaymaniyah Governorate|
|Birzo Majeed||Head of Gorran Erbil Governorate|
|Dilman Lawak||Head of Gorran Dohuk Governorate|
|Mustafa Said Qadir||Finance & administration chamber|
|Mohammad Tofiq Rahim||Foreign Relations chamber|
|Kawa Abdullah||Head provincial council Sulaymaniyah faction|
|Jalal Jawher||Political relations chamber|
|Omar Said Ali||Parliamentary factions chamber|
|Jamal Muhammed||Political chamber|
|Aras Wali||Kurds abroad chamber|
|Hakim Rushdie||Legal research chamber|
|Ali Muhammed Salih||Economic research chamber|
|Salah Rashid||Coordination chamber|
|Sardar Abdullah||Head parliamentary faction Iraq assembly|
|Kardo Muhammed||Head parliamentary faction Kurdistan assembly|
|Aram Shekh Muhammed||Head of Election Chamber|
|Yusif Mohammed Sadeq||Political research chamber|
|Hoshyar Abdullah||Media chamber|
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- SAMUELS, LENNOX (24 June 2009). "REFORM IS TOPIC A IN KURDISTAN ELECTIONS". Newsweek.
- Dagher, Sam (26 July 2009). "Iraqi Kurds come out to vote in high numbers". The San Francisco Chronicle.
- "KurdishMedia.com: News about Kurds and Kurdistan". kurdmedia.com. Retrieved 2014-05-27.
- "Iraqis protest in Kurdish region, capital". Reuters. 19 February 2011.
- "Tonårig demonstrant dödad i Irak - Nyheter | SVT.se". svt.se. Retrieved 2014-05-27.
- "The page you requested was not found". web.archive.org. Retrieved 2014-05-27.
- "Iraq: Investigate Protester Deaths | Human Rights Watch". hrw.org. Retrieved 2014-05-27.
- thomas yocum. "Document - Iraq: Authorities in Iraq urged to allow peaceful protests | Amnesty International". amnesty.org. Retrieved 2014-05-27.
- "Iraq: Restraint urged in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq following protester deaths | Amnesty International". amnesty.org. Retrieved 2014-05-27.
- "Rudaw". Retrieved 2012-11-22.
- Official website (Kurdish) (Arabic) (English)