Movement for Democracy (Cape Verde)
|Movement for Democracy
Movemento para Democracia
|Headquarters||Praia, Santiago Island, Cape Verde|
|International affiliation||Centrist Democrat International|
|Politics of Cape Verde
The Movimento para a Democracia (Portuguese: Movement for Democracy) is an ideological liberal party in Cape Verde. It was in power between 1991 and 2001. MPD was created on March 14, 1990, and their first convention was held in November 1990. They won the first elections after the end of the one-party system in Cape Verde, with more than 2/3 of the seats of the National Assembly. Its members are nicknamed “os ventoinhas” in Portuguese (the wind fans), because of the symbol of the party that reminds a wind fan, and they identify themselves with the color green.
In this transitional period, the MPD was involved in the removal of Article 4 of the 1980 Cape Verdean constitution, which codified the one-party system. The MPD also helped establish a timeline for the transitional period.
The MpD is a right-of-center party, favoring free trade, an open economic policy, and greater cooperation with international organizations such as the World Trade Organization and the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS).
The MpD's policies, most which are perceived by some as being damaging to local traditional agriculture, have prevented it from gaining a strong following in the agrarian municipalities such as Santa Cruz, São Filipe and São Miguel.
In presidential elections held on 11 and 25 February 2001, Carlos Alberto Wahnon de Carvalho Veiga, who won 45.83% of the vote in the first round, was narrowly defeated by PAICV candidate Pedro Pires in the run-off by a margin of only 12 votes.
In the latest presidential election held on 12 February 2006, Carlos Veiga was again defeated by Pedro Pires, by a margin of 49.02% to 50.98%.
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