Movement for Socialism (Venezuela)

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Movement for Socialism

Movimiento al Socialismo
LeaderLeopoldo Puchi
FounderTeodoro Petkoff
HeadquartersCaracas, Venezuela
IdeologyDemocratic socialism
Social democracy
Political positionCentre-left to Left-wing
National affiliationAgreement for Change
Continental affiliationCOPPPAL
Seats in the Latin American Parliament
0 / 12
Seats in the National Assembly
0 / 165
Governors of States of Venezuela
0 / 23
2 / 337

The Movement for Socialism (Spanish: Movimiento al Socialismo, or MAS) is a social-democratic political party in Venezuela.


MAS was founded in 1971, with a view to emphasising a socialist message. Initially led by Teodoro Petkoff, its first congress was held on January 14, 1971. In 1988 another left-wing party, the Movement of the Revolutionary Left, merged with MAS.

In the 1970s to the 1990s, members of MAS hoped that the party would become the third largest political force, challenging the dominant Social Christian and Democratic Action parties. However, the party often won less than 5% of the vote. At the 1993 election it supported the National Convergence coalition which successfully backed Rafael Caldera, contributing 10.59% of the vote, a third of Caldera's total. At the parliamentary elections the same year it achieved a high-water mark of 5 Senators and 24 Deputies.

1983 MAS election poster, with presidential candidate Teodoro Petkoff

MAS initially supported the government of Hugo Chávez in 1998. Petkoff disagreed with this decision and left the party. Disagreements between MAS and Chávez subsequently emerged, and MAS joined the opposition.

In the legislative elections of 30 July 2000, the party won 21 out of 165 seats in the National Assembly. Its current leaders include Leopoldo Puchi, Felipe Mújica and Carlos Tablante.

In the period since 1989, when state governors have been directly elected, the party has won state governorships in Delta Amacuro, Lara, Portuguesa, Sucre (Ramón Martínez) and Zulia. Some of his past members included: Pompeyo Márquez, Rafael Guerra Ramos and Carlos Tablante.

Presidential candidates supported[edit]

Elections where MAS backed the winning candidate shown in bold

MAS is a member of Socialist International,[2] and a member of COPPPAL.[3]

See also[edit]

  • Douglas Bravo and his FALN guerilla faction had been expelled from the Communist Party in 1965, forming the Party of Venezuelan Revolution.

Further reading[edit]

  • Venezuela's Movimiento al Socialismo: From Guerrilla Defeat to Innovative Politics by Steve Ellner. [Reviews: by Jennifer L. McCoy in Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs, Vol. 31, No. 4 (Winter, 1989), pp. 243–245; by John D. Martz in The Hispanic American Historical Review, Vol. 69, No. 1 (Feb., 1989), pp. 142–143]
  • Ellner, Steve (1986), "The MAS Party in Venezuela", Latin American Perspectives


  1. ^ "Ex chavista desafía a la MUD y se lanza como candidato". El Informador (in Spanish). 27 February 2018. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  2. ^ Socialist International MEMBER PARTIES of the SOCIALIST INTERNATIONAL, accessed 10 June 2012
  3. ^ (in Spanish) COPPPAL, Partidos Miembros Archived 2014-06-05 at the Wayback Machine, accessed 10 June 2012