Movement for a Europe of Nations and Freedom

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Movement for a Europe of Nations and Freedom
President Jean-François Jalkh[1]
Founded 2014 (2014)
Ideology National conservatism
Economic nationalism
Right-wing populism
Souverainism
Hard Euroscepticism
Anti-immigration
Political position Right-wing to far-right
European Parliament group Europe of Nations and Freedom
Political foundation Foundation for a Europe of Nations and Freedom
Website
www.menleuropa.eu

The Movement for a Europe of Nations and Freedom (French: Mouvement pour l’Europe des nations et des libertés), abbreviated to MENL or MENF, is an alliance of European political parties founded in 2014. Its political group in the European Parliament is Europe of Nations and Freedom.

History[edit]

In the aftermath of the European Parliament election, 2014, parties affiliated with the European Alliance for Freedom unsuccessfully attempted to form a political group in the European Parliament.[2][3][4]

Later in 2014, they decided to create a new European-level structure, which became the Movement for a Europe of Nations and Freedom. The Dutch Party for Freedom (PVV) chose not to participate in this pan-European party, as it declined to be funded by the European Union.[5] The Polish Congress of the New Right (KNP), initially claimed that it would be part of the new alliance, but was accused in a press release by the French National Rally of spreading false claims in the Polish and Austrian media.[6] Ultimately the KNP took part in the creation of the party's new parliamentary group as its former controversial leader Janusz Korwin-Mikke was evicted from the party to be replaced by Michal Marusik.

It was recognised by the European Parliament (EP) in 2015. Its maximum grant by the EP for this year is €1,170,746[7] plus €621,677 for its affiliated political foundation, the Fondation pour une Europe des Nations et des Libertés.[8]

On 16 June 2015, the Europe of Nations and Freedom parliamentary group was created in the European Parliament with members of the MENL (RN, FPÖ, LN, VB) as well as the PVV, Poland's KNP and a former member of UKIP, Janice Atkinson.

The 1st congress of the movement was held on 28 June 2015 in Perpignan, France gathering some MEPs from the National Rally as well as a few of its local & national representatives members; the objective of this meeting was mainly about making the 1st year of action of the National Rally's MEPs in review.[9]

On 15 September 2015, the Flemish Vlaams Belang (VB) and the movement organised a colloquium dealing with sovereignty which took place in the Flemish Parliament with VB's leader Tom Van Grieken, MEP Gerolf Annemans, VB's member Barbara Pas and National Rally's leader Marine Le Pen.[10] All of the Flemish parties approved Marine Le Pen's visit at the Flemish Parliament although the speaker of the Flemish Parliament Jan Peumans (N-VA) decided not to be part of this colloquium.[11]

On 24 October 2015, MENL's leader and vice-president of the National Rally Louis Aliot met the current president of Brothers of Italy, Giorgia Meloni in Trieste for a conference on immigration.[12]

Marine Le Pen praised SVP's victory during the 2015 Swiss election although the Swiss party does not have official links with the movement.[13] The movement also launched an anti-immigration campaign in 2015 just like the SVP's campaign during Swiss referendum on immigration in 2014.

On 21 November 2015, MENL's think thank "Foundation for a Europe of Nations and Freedom" organised a colloquium ("L'euro, un échec inéluctable?") dealing with Euro and how it might be an inescapable failure. Jacques Sapir took part in this colloqium among others. The FENF, chaired by Gerolf Annemans, organised another colloquim on 2 April 2016 in Paris dealing with union representation and the development of professional organisations in France.[14]

The third colloquium of the movement took place on 4 March 2016 in the Flemish Parliament with VB's leader Tom Van Grieken and PVV's leader Geert Wilders. This colloquim entitled "Freedom" ("Vrijheid") dealt with liberties in Europe and how they would be threatened by immigration from "countries with cultures which are fundamentally different [from the European one]".[15]

The movement's member parties and allies met in July 2016 in Vienna, an event hosted by Austria's FPÖ. The French National Rally, Matteo Salvini's Northern League, the AfD, Belgium's Vlaams Belang, the Dutch Party for Freedom were present among other independent politicians and smaller European parties.[16]

According to Politico, the movement owed in 2016 the European Parliament €535,818. The reasons given by Politico were the forbidden use of European grants by the MENL party to finance national political parties and referendum campaigns.[17] The party strongly denied these allegations by saying that they just had to give the unused EU funds back to the European Parliament.[18]

Member parties[edit]

The following national delegations are part of MENL:[19][20]

Country Party MEPs National MPs
 Austria Freedom Party of Austria
4 / 18
51 / 183
 Belgium Vlaams Belang[21]
1 / 21
3 / 150
 Bulgaria Volya
0 / 17
12 / 240
 Czech Republic Freedom and Direct Democracy
0 / 21
22 / 200
 France National Rally
17 / 74
8 / 577
 Greece New Right
0 / 21
0 / 300
 Italy Lega Nord
6 / 73
125 / 630
 Malta Moviment Patrijotti Maltin (observer)
0 / 6
0 / 67
 Poland Congress of the New Right
2 / 51
0 / 460

Other related parties[edit]

The Dutch Party for Freedom (PVV), the Polish Congress of the New Right (KNP) and the German Alternative for Germany (AfD), despite not being members of MENL, participate in its political group in the European Parliament, ENL.[22]

MENL leaders also have public political relations of some kind with Brothers of Italy (FdI, Italy)[23] and Freedom and Direct Democracy (SPD, Czech Republic).[24] The latter is now a full member of the pan-European party.

In February 2016, FPÖ's leader Heinz-Christian Strache was invited by the anti-Euro & anti-immigration party AfD and its leader Frauke Petry to their congress in Düsseldorf and the AfD also announced a cooperation pact with the FPÖ.[25][26] In April 2016, AfD's vice-president Alexander Gauland also proposed an alliance with Marine Le Pen's National Rally.[27] Therefore, AfD's MEP Marcus Pretzell joined the Europe of Nations and Freedom group on 30 April 2016.

In February 2017, French MEP Edouard Ferrand met with VOX's leaders during a meeting of the Spanish right-wing party.[28] Back in 2016, VOX's president Santiago Abascal had already met with one of the National Rally's leaders, Louis Aliot, also one of MENL's MEP in the European Parliament.[29]

Former member parties[edit]

Among members of MENL's predecessor European Alliance for Freedom (EAF), the following parties did not join MENL:

Structure[edit]

President[edit]

Members of the Bureau[edit]

Treasurer[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Board Members". Retrieved 3 July 2017. 
  2. ^ "Le Pen party steals Farage's Italian allies". The Times. 2014-05-29. Retrieved 2015-11-04. 
  3. ^ "Marine Le Pen fails to form far-right bloc in European parliament | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved 2015-11-04. 
  4. ^ "Le Pen's Far-Right EU Parliament Alliance Fails at Start". Ibtimes.co.uk. 2014-06-24. Retrieved 2015-11-04. 
  5. ^ Cas Mudde. "The EAF is dead! Long live the MENL!". openDemocracy. Retrieved 29 December 2014. 
  6. ^ "Communiqué d'Aymeric Chauprade, chef de Délégation du Front National au Parlement européen". Front National. Retrieved 29 December 2014. 
  7. ^ "Grants from the European Parliament to political parties at European level 2004-2015", March 2015, Europarl.europa.eu, retrieved 27 April 2015
  8. ^ "Grants from the European Parliament to political foundations at European level 2008-2015", March 2015, Europarl.europa.eu/, retrieved 27 April 2015
  9. ^ "À Perpignan, le Front national accuse l'Europe et le pouvoir (notre interview video de Marine Le Pen)". 27 June 2015. 
  10. ^ "Colloquium Soevereiniteit: Grenzen Stellen". Grenzenstellen.eu. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  11. ^ Frédéric Chardon (2015-09-15). "Tous les partis flamands ont approuvé la venue de Marine Le Pen". La Libre.be. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  12. ^ "Fratelli d'Italia – Alleanza Nazionale | Immigrazione, sabato 24 ottobre confronto a Trieste tra Giorgia Meloni e il vicepresidente del Front National, Louis Aliot". Fratelli-italia.it. 2015-10-20. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  13. ^ "Victoire de l'UDC: beaucoup de Français enthousiastes - Le Temps". Letemps.ch (in French). Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  14. ^ "Foundation for a Europe of Nations and Freedom - Contact". Fenl.eu. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  15. ^ "Colloquium Vrijheid". Colloquiumvrijheid.eu. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  16. ^ "Europe's right-wing parties meet near Vienna, urge Brexit". DW.COM. 2016-06-17. Retrieved 2017-03-17. 
  17. ^ Posaner, Joshua (2016-09-03). "Far-right groups ordered to pay European Parliament €800,000". Politico.eu. Retrieved 2017-03-17. 
  18. ^ "Response to the shameless lies of the website Politico". Movement for a Europe of Nations and Freedom. 2016-09-15. Retrieved 2017-03-17. 
  19. ^ "National delegation". MENL. Retrieved 2015-08-06. 
  20. ^ "Fête des Nations du MENL". MENL. Retrieved 2018-04-18. 
  21. ^ "Press Conference: Aftermath of the elections, a future for the EU or a future for Europe?". European Alliance for Freedom. 28 May 2014. 
  22. ^ "European Parliament : MEPs". Europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  23. ^ "Destra, Marine Le Pen incontra Giorgia Meloni e Gianni Alemanno (video) | Europa Quotidiano". Europaquotidiano.it. 2003-07-28. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  24. ^ "Tomio Okamura svolal všechny své lidi a bylo rušno: Nepřátelští vetřelci! Pokus o vraždu. Delegace od Marine Le Pen i provolání k Zemanovi | ParlamentniListy.cz – politika ze všech stran". Parlamentnilisty.cz. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  25. ^ "Deutsche AfD und FPÖ beschließen Zusammenarbeit - FPÖ - derStandard.at › Inland". Derstandard.at. Retrieved 2016-04-22. 
  26. ^ "AfD und FPÖ probten in Düsseldorf den Schulterschluss | WAZ.de". Derwesten.de (in German). 2016-02-14. Retrieved 2016-04-03. 
  27. ^ "AfD-Vize Alexander Gauland erwägt offenbar Fraktion mit Front National - SPIEGEL ONLINE". Spiegel.de. 2016-04-10. Retrieved 2016-04-22. 
  28. ^ "Edouard Ferrand, del Frente Nacional francés: "Amigos de VOX, no estáis solos. Somos capaces hoy por hoy de proponer un proyecto europeo alternativo al actual"". VOX Partido Político Castellón. 2017-02-25. Retrieved 2017-03-17. 
  29. ^ "Vox busca la fórmula del éxito de Le Pen con el Frente Nacional. Noticias de España". Elconfidencial.com. 2017-01-15. Retrieved 2017-03-17.