Movimiento 2D

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The Movimiento 2D (2D Movement, M2D or simply 2D) is a Venezuelan opposition movement led by El Nacional editor and proprietor Miguel Henrique Otero. 2D, founded by Otero in late 2007 in the run-up to the Venezuelan constitutional referendum, 2007,[1] includes a number of prominent Venezuelans besides Otero, including former foreign minister Simón Alberto Consalvi, who served under both Jaime Lusinchi and Carlos Andrés Pérez.[2] The name of the movement refers to 2 December,[3] being the date of the Venezuelan presidential election, 2012.[4] In February 2010 M2D announced it would support the opposition electoral coalition Mesa de la Unidad Democrática in the September 2010 parliamentary election.[5]

In a 2D press conference opposing the Venezuelan constitutional referendum, 2009, President Hugo Chávez was compared to Juan Vicente Gómez, the Venezuelan dictator of the 1920s and 1930s,[6] and 2D's Pablo Medina said Venezuela would become a dictatorship if it was approved.[7] The referendum to remove term limits from all public offices was approved.

In June 2010 2D criticised the government takeover of Banco Federal.[8] In mid-August 2010, in the run-up to the parliamentary election, El Nacional sparked an international outcry when its frontpage publication of a graphic archival photo of bodies in a morgue, to illustrate a story about rising crime rates, led the government to temporarily ban such publications.[9] The ban was later overturned.[10] Otero said that "The editorial reasoning behind the photo was to create a shock so that people could in some way react to a situation that the government has done absolutely nothing about."[11]


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