Mahammad Hasan Movlazadeh Shakavi

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Mövlazadə Məhəmməd Həsən Ismayıl oğlu Şəkəvi
SheyxulIslam.jpg
Movlazadeh Mahammad Hasan Shakavi
Religion Islam
School Shia
Personal
Born 1854
Shaki, Russian Empire
Died 1932 (aged 77–78)
Tbilisi, Russian Empire
Senior posting
Based in Tbilisi, Russian Empire
Title Sixth Sheikh ul-Islam of the Caucasus
Period in office 1907-1909
Predecessor Abdussalam Akhundzadeh
Successor Mahammad Pishnamazzadeh
Religious career
Post Sheikh ul-Islam of the Caucasus

Movlazadeh Mahammad Hasan Ismayil oglu Shakavi (Azerbaijani: Mövlazadə Məhəmməd Həsən Ismayıl oğlu Şəkəvi, محمد مولازاده) is considered a noble Azerbaijani religious leader, alim and scholar who was the sixth Sheikh ul-Islam (Islamic Leader) of the Caucasus and the first scholar who translated Quran into the Azerbaijani language and provided detailed commentary and interpretation.

Early life[edit]

Mahammad Hasan was born in 1854. He received his first religious education at Shaki mollakhane, which he later continued at Ganja Madrasa. After graduation from madrasah he served for a few years as mullah (mosque leaders) of Ganja Jum'a mosque. He later decided to continue his education and for this purpose traveled to Iraq where he advanced his degree in religion studies.

Career[edit]

In 1891 he returned to the Caucasus and published the first joint Hijri and Gregorian calendars in Persian.

In 1893 Mahammad Hasan Movlazadeh started teaching Islamic religious law (Shariat and Fiqh) at Tiflis Muslim Religious Scholl. He later served as Ghazi of Jabrayil, Ganja, Tiflis and Kutaisi regions.

In 1908 Mahammad Hasan Movlazadeh had been elected as the sixth Sheikh ul-Islam of Muslims of the Caucasus.

In 1908 in Tiflis he publishes Kitab al-bayan fi tafsir al-Quran - the two-volume edition of Koran's translation and tafsir (commentary). This work has been re-published in Baku in 1990.[1]

Movlazadeh Mahammad Hasan Ismayil oglu Shakavi died in 1932 in Tbilisi.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kitab Əl-Bəyan fi Təfsir Əl-Quran: 3-cü nəşr: 2-ci cild: ərəb., fars / Mütərcim Şeyxul-İslam Məhəmməd Həsən Mövlaza Deyi-Şəkəvi.-B.: Azərnəşr, 1990.-492 s.; 24 sm.-Q.y., n. y.-(90-751),