Mower County, Minnesota

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Mower County
Mower County Courthouse in Austin
Mower County Courthouse in Austin
Map of Minnesota highlighting Mower County
Location within the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 43°40′N 92°45′W / 43.67°N 92.75°W / 43.67; -92.75
Country United States
State Minnesota
FoundedFebruary 20, 1855 (created)
March 1, 1856 (organized)
Named forJohn Edward Mower
SeatAustin
Largest cityAustin
Area
 • Total711.5 sq mi (1,843 km2)
 • Land711.3 sq mi (1,842 km2)
 • Water0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)  0.03%
Population
 (2010)
 • Total39,163
 • Estimate 
(2019)
40,062
 • Density56.3/sq mi (21.7/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitewww.co.mower.mn.us

Mower County (/ˈm.ər/)[1] is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 39,163,[2] and was estimated to have a population of 40,062 as of 2019. The county seat is Austin.[3]

Mower County comprises the Austin Micropolitan Statistical Area and is included in the Rochester-Austin Combined Statistical Area.

Lake Louise State Park is in the southeastern Mower County, near Le Roy.

History[edit]

The Wisconsin Territory was established by the United States federal government effective July 3, 1836, and included what is now Minnesota, until its eastern portion was granted statehood (as Wisconsin) in 1848.

Congress established the Minnesota Territory effective March 3, 1849. The newly organized territorial legislature created nine counties across the territory in October of that year. Two of the original counties, Dakota and Wabashaw (later Wabasha), had portions reassigned on March 5, 1853, to create Rice County.

In 1852, Jacob McQuillin's family settled in southern Rice County, beginning a settlement movement that rapidly grew. On February 20, 1855, the territorial legislature created the present county from the southernmost part of Rice County.[4] The new county was named for John Edward Mower, a member of the territorial legislature.[5]

On March 1, 1856, Territorial Governor Willis A. Gorman signed the legislative act that organized the county. He appointed three commissioners, who first met in Frankford Township. In January 1857 those commissioners decided to designate the permanent seat in Austin Township. In July 1857 the location within Austin Township was further defined, within Austin village, which had been platted during the spring of 1856.[6]

Geography[edit]

Soils of Mower County[7]

Mower County lies on Minnesota's border with Iowa. The Cedar River flows south through the western part of the county, into Mitchell County, Iowa. The Upper Iowa River rises in Mower County. Its branches, the Little Iowa and Upper Branch Upper Iowa, merge near Le Roy and flow east-southeast out of the county's southeast corner into Mitchell County, Iowa. Deer Creek drains the southeastern part of the county, flowing northeast into Fillmore County. Bear Creek drains the northern part of the county, flowing east into Fillmore County. Carey Creek drains the northeastern part of the county, flowing northeast into Olmsted County. The county terrain consists of low rolling hills, etched with drainages and gullies. The area is devoted to agriculture where possible.[8] The terrain slopes to the east and south from an elevated center ridge running west–east,[9] with its highest point 1.6 mile (2.6 km) east of Elkton, at 1,440' (439m) ASL.[10] The county has a total area of 712 square miles (1,840 km2), of which 711 square miles (1,840 km2) is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) (0.03%) is water.[11]

Lakes[edit]

One of only four counties in Minnesota without any natural lakes (along with Olmsted, Pipestone, and Rock), Mower County does have four small ponds and lakes created by dams:

The Cedar River (sometimes called the Red Cedar River) flows south into the county from its source in Dodge County and continues through the county into Mitchell County, Iowa. It flows through Mower County's four westernmost townships: Udolpho, Lansing, Austin, and Lyle.

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[8][edit]

  • Lake Louise State Park
  • Larson State Wildlife Management Area
  • Red Cedar State Wildlife Management Area
  • Rose State Wildlife Management Area

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18603,217
187010,447224.7%
188016,79960.8%
189018,0197.3%
190022,33524.0%
191022,6401.4%
192025,99314.8%
193028,0658.0%
194036,11328.7%
195042,27717.1%
196048,49814.7%
197044,919−7.4%
198040,390−10.1%
199037,385−7.4%
200038,6033.3%
201039,1631.5%
Est. 201940,062[12]2.3%
US Decennial Census[13]
1790-1960[14] 1900-1990[15]
1990-2000[16] 2010-2019[2]

2000 census[edit]

Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 census data

The county population has declined since its peak in 1960, as younger people have moved to urban areas for economic opportunities.

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 38,603 people, 15,582 households, and 10,315 families in the county. The population density was 54.3/sqmi (21.0/km²). There were 16,251 housing units at an average density of 22.9/sqmi (8.82/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.7% White, 0.6% Black or African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.5% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.2% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. 4.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 35.9% identified as being of German, 24.4% as Norwegian and 7.0% as of Irish ancestry.

There were 15,582 households out of which 29.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.70% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.80% were non-families. 29.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.98.

The county population contained 25.1% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 25.7% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,654, and the median income for a family was $45,154. Males had a median income of $31,743 versus $23,317 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,795. About 6.3% of families and 9.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The county has a county council style of government, made up of five county commissioners, each elected from a single-member district. They are elected to four-year terms, and elected on a staggered basis.[17]

For nearly forty years, Mower County voters have tended to vote for Democrats in national Presidential elections. Since 1980 the county selected the Democratic Party candidate in 89% of national elections (as of 2016). After years of giving Democrats 60% or more of their vote, Donald Trump swung the county -- as he did many Midwestern counties of similar size -- by winning nearly 50 percent in 2016.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 49.8% 8,823 42.0% 7,437 8.2% 1,455
2012 37.4% 6,938 60.0% 11,129 2.6% 472
2008 36.9% 7,075 60.5% 11,605 2.6% 507
2004 37.5% 7,591 61.0% 12,334 1.5% 297
2000 37.2% 6,873 57.9% 10,693 5.0% 914
1996 27.7% 4,994 57.7% 10,413 14.7% 2,656
1992 25.5% 5,147 49.2% 9,935 25.4% 5,128
1988 36.6% 6,969 62.5% 11,893 0.9% 163
1984 39.0% 8,054 60.5% 12,498 0.5% 95
1980 38.9% 7,908 51.9% 10,538 9.3% 1,879
1976 38.0% 8,163 59.7% 12,837 2.3% 487
1972 48.4% 9,929 50.1% 10,286 1.5% 315
1968 39.7% 7,736 56.6% 11,022 3.7% 728
1964 32.3% 6,510 67.4% 13,573 0.3% 57
1960 52.4% 11,040 47.3% 9,961 0.3% 67
1956 50.7% 9,570 48.8% 9,219 0.5% 101
1952 53.2% 9,862 46.1% 8,551 0.7% 138
1948 37.1% 5,672 61.9% 9,468 1.1% 161
1944 47.6% 6,588 52.0% 7,199 0.4% 48
1940 47.1% 7,169 52.5% 7,988 0.4% 60
1936 35.2% 4,743 61.0% 8,228 3.8% 516
1932 37.8% 4,005 60.6% 6,421 1.6% 173
1928 63.1% 6,209 36.5% 3,587 0.5% 46
1924 55.7% 5,061 6.2% 564 38.1% 3,463
1920 82.1% 6,339 13.7% 1,061 4.2% 325
1916 59.4% 2,520 37.1% 1,572 3.5% 148
1912 31.6% 1,321 29.4% 1,228 39.0% 1,628
1908 63.5% 2,629 29.1% 1,206 7.4% 308
1904 77.5% 2,769 15.5% 552 7.1% 252
1900 70.8% 3,076 24.9% 1,081 4.4% 191
1896 68.8% 3,379 28.7% 1,407 2.5% 123
1892 56.4% 2,234 33.1% 1,310 10.6% 420

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

All of Mower County's land is divided into 20 townships that each contain 36 square miles (six miles on a side). Mower County is five townships wide (a total of 30 miles (48 km) west to east) and four townships from north to south (a total of 24 miles).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Upham, Warren (2001). Minnesota Place Names: A Geographical Encyclopedia (3rd ed.). Minnesota Historical Society Press. p. 385. ISBN 0-87351-396-7.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Archived from the original on June 20, 2012. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
  5. ^ Upham, Warren. Minnesota Geographic Names (1920), p. 359 (accessed May 3, 2019)
  6. ^ The History of Mower County (pp. 44-56). Accessed May 3, 2019.
  7. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 43-48. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  8. ^ a b Mower County MN Google Maps (accessed May 3, 2019)
  9. ^ ""Find an Altitude/Mower County MN" Google Maps (accessed 3 May 2019)". Archived from the original on May 21, 2019. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  10. ^ Mower County High Point, Minnesota PeakBagger.com (accessed May 3, 2019)
  11. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 21, 2013. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  12. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 26, 2020.
  13. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  14. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  15. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  16. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
  17. ^ Mower County Commissioners
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved October 10, 2018.

Further reading[edit]

  • History Committee (Mower County, Minn.) (1984). Mill on the willow: a history of Mower County, Minnesota. Mower County MN: History Committee.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°40′N 92°45′W / 43.67°N 92.75°W / 43.67; -92.75