Moxo languages

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Moxo
Mojos
Native to Bolivia
Ethnicity 21,000 Moxo people (2004)[1]
Native speakers
10,000 (2000–2004)[1]
Arawakan
  • Southern
    • Bolivia–Parana
      • Moxos languages
        • Moxo
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Either:
ign – Ignaciano Moxos
trn – Trinitario Moxos
Glottolog moxo1234  Moxo[2]
magi1242  Magiana[3]

Moxo (also known as Mojo, pronounced 'Moho') is any of the Arawakan languages spoken by the Moxo people of Northeastern Bolivia. The two extant languages of the Moxo people, Trinitario and Ignaciano, are as distinct from one another as they are from neighboring Arawakan languages. Extinct Magiana was also distinct.

Moxo languages have an active–stative syntax.[4]

Mojeño machetero dancer at festival in Bolivia.

Use[edit]

The languages belong to a group of tribes that originally ranged through the upper Mamoré, extending east and west from the Guapure (Itenes) to the Beni, and are now centered in the Province of Moxos, Department of Beni, Bolivia.[5]

Ignaciano is used in town meetings unless outsiders are present, and it is a required subject in the lower school grades, one session per week. Perhaps half of the children learn Ignaciano. By the 1980s there were fewer than 100 monolinguals, all older than 30.

Word Set[edit]

English/Mojo[which?] Word Set[citation needed]

One – Ikapia
Two – Apisá
Three – Impúse
Man – Ehiro
Woman – Eseno
Sun – Sáche
Water – Uni
Fire – Yuku
Head – Nuxuti
Hand – Nubupe
Corn – Suru

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ignaciano Moxos at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Trinitario Moxos at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Moxo". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Magiana". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  4. ^ Aikhenvald, "Arawak", in Dixon & Aikhenvald, eds., The Amazonian Languages, 1999.
  5. ^ http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/10606b.htm, New Advent, Moxos Indians, Retrieved February 10, 2011.