In Japanese architecture moya (母屋?) is the core of a building. Originally the central part of a residential building was called moya. After the introduction of Buddhism to Japan in the 6th century, moya has been used to denote the sacred central area of a temple building. It is generally surrounded by aisle like areas called hisashi. In temples constructed in the hip-and-gable style (irimoya-zukuri), the gabled part usually covers the moya while the hipped part covers the aisles.
A butsuden's floor plan
The drawing shows the floor plan of a typical Zen main butsuden such as the one in the photo above at Enkaku-ji in Kamakura. The core of the building (moya) is 3 x 3 ken wide and is surrounded on four sides by a 1-ken wide hisashi, bringing the external dimensions of the edifice to a total of 5 x 5 ken. Because the hisashi is covered by a pent roof of its own, the butsuden seems to have two stories, but in fact has only one.
The same structure can be found in a tahōtō with the same effect: the structure seems to have a second story, but in fact it doesn't.
- "moya". JAANUS - Japanese Architecture and Art Net User System. Retrieved 2009-11-21.
- "irimoya-zukuri". JAANUS - Japanese Architecture and Art Net User System. Retrieved 2009-11-21.
- "hisashi". JAANUS - Japanese Architecture and Art Net User System. Retrieved 2009-11-21.
- Fujita Masaya, Koga Shūsaku, ed. (April 10, 1990). Nihon Kenchiku-shi (in Japanese) (September 30, 2008 ed.). Shōwa-dō. ISBN 4-8122-9805-9.