Moyhu, Victoria

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Moyhu
Victoria
MoyhuHotel1.JPG
Moyhu Hotel
Moyhu is located in Rural City of Wangaratta
Moyhu
Moyhu
Coordinates 36°34′0″S 146°22′0″E / 36.56667°S 146.36667°E / -36.56667; 146.36667Coordinates: 36°34′0″S 146°22′0″E / 36.56667°S 146.36667°E / -36.56667; 146.36667
Population 428 (2011 census)[1]
Postcode(s) 3732
Location
LGA(s) Rural City of Wangaratta
State electorate(s) Ovens Valley
Federal Division(s) Indi

Moyhu is a small town in North East Victoria, Australia. It is situated approximately 2.5 hours' drive from Melbourne, and 25 minutes from Wangaratta. It is part of the Rural City of Wangaratta. At the 2006 census, Moyhu had a population of 536.[2] At the 2011 census, Moyhu population had declined to 428 - 216 males and 212 females. 50.5% of the population was male; 49.5% female. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people made up 0.7% of the population. Approximately 20% of the Moyhu population consists of children aged 0–14.[1]

Moyhu is situated in the fertile King Valley, near the King River, which flows down from the mountains and joins the Ovens River in Wangaratta.

History[edit]

Moyhu, Mayhu, Moihu from Moydow, Ireland home of original settlers, the Farrell family. The lush 92,000 acres of the King Valley was originally settled by George and William Pitt Faithfull in 1838. The principal residence was initially near Milawa. The King River Crossing between Milawa and the Myrhree Station became Moyhu in the 1860s. George Faithfull's relocated homestead on the Oven's River, Wangaratta, lead to the establishment of that town. Changes to regulations led to the splitting of Oxley Plains Station in 1848. The partnership of the brothers was dissolved. George retained the lease for the northern half of the run. Dominick Farrell became William Pitt Faithfull's (Goulburn NSW) appointed oversee for the southern portion, the 45,000 Edi Pastoral run. He took over from John Moore. The homestead was situated at Black Range Creek, Moyhu South and it was known as Ten Mile Hollow. Farrell purchased the run; with cattle, horses. buildings and 16000 sheep, in 1857 for five thousand pounds.

Moyhu was the dairy farm for Edi Station, and was the preferred land for selection under the pre-emptive rights clause, albeit not granted as the principal residence was still at Edi. The earliest selector was Thomas Byrne and his family who arrived in the late 1850s and lived near Meadow Creek. Son Andrew's property developed at Ballenvalley north of Moyhu and he donated the land for the establishment of St John of the Holy Cross Catholic Church. With the death of Dominick snr in 1866 he became the most significant resident of Moyhu. He represented the district as Councillor, set up the Catholic Church, Racing Club, Butter factories, co-operative store and sponsored any club of note. The first land sales were in 1859. Farrell's nephew Dominick arrived in 1863 and married Catherine Byrne. Through the seventies the town hosted, Thursday markets, annual horse races and a timber mill. The name of the town came from Moydow, a village in Longford, Ireland; home of the Farrell clan. The Post Office opened on 1 January 1868.[3]

The first known school at Moyhu was a Rural School No 96 which was granted aid by the Board of Education in mid 1871. It was a bark-roof slab building. From this beginning State School 1335 Moyhu was established in January 1874, with a new building on a 2-acre site. A new building was erected in 1907, with major additions made in 1959. A surveying error made when the township was originally surveyed placed the school a mile from the township. The school became important as a group-leader in the district.[4]

3061 Moyhu North opened in a slab building in September 1890, but closed at the end of 1891 due to low enrolments.[5] 2464 Moyhu South was later named Edi. It opened in May 1882. In July 1888 it operated half time with 2894 Witfield North, and in 1893 with 2676 Boggy Creek. It resumed full-time in 1895. In 1902 the school was relocated to cater for rural and railway families.[6]

During the late 1800s Moyhu was a lively centre, and the home of several butter factories, race meetings, dances and other social events. Victoria's first narrow gauge railway line (2'6" gauge) was opened in 1899 and connected the King Valley with the broad gauge line at Wangaratta.

The town today[edit]

Moyhu is the home of several annual events - the Easter Fair at the local primary school every Easter Monday, a Garden Expo every October, Guy Fawkes bonfire, and a popular New Year's Eve celebration in the Lions Park. It is also a central location for popular tourist attractions in the area such as Glenrowan (the scene of Ned Kelly's last stand) and the King Valley gourmet region.

The town has an Australian Rules football team competing in the Ovens & King Football League.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Moyhu (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
  2. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Moyhu (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 24 May 2010. 
  3. ^ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 2008-04-11 
  4. ^ Vision and Realisation, vol.3, p.937-938.
  5. ^ Vision and Realisation, vol.3, p.996.
  6. ^ Vision and Realisation, vol.3, p.978.
  7. ^ Full Points Footy, Moyhu, archived from the original on May 2, 2008, retrieved 2008-07-25 

External links[edit]