mp3PRO is an unmaintained proprietary audio compression codec that combines the MP3 audio format with the spectral band replication (SBR) compression method. At the time it was developed it could reduce the size of a stereo MP3 by as much as 50% while maintaining the same relative quality. This works, fundamentally, by discarding the higher half of the frequency range and algorithmically replicating that information while decoding.
The technology behind SBR was developed by the former Swedish company Coding Technologies AB (acquired by Dolby Laboratories in 2007) in the late 1990s. It was included in their MPEG-2 AAC derived codec aacPlus, which would later be standardized as MPEG-4 HE-AAC. Thomson Multimedia (now Technicolor SA) licensed the technology and used it to extend the MP3 format, for which they held patents, hoping to also extend its profitable lifetime. This was released as mp3PRO in 2001.
It was originally claimed that mp3PRO files were compatible with existing MP3 decoders, and that the SBR data could simply be ignored. The reality was that MP3 players lacking specific mp3PRO decoding capability experienced a significant reduction in audio quality when playing mp3PRO files as only the lower half of the original frequency range is available.
mp3PRO development has been abandoned.[when?] The format was never standardized and there is no publicly available reference source code or documentation in existence. A very old software encoder/player exists, but is not maintained. Nero's Soundtrax application, bundled in the Nero Multimedia Suite, is capable of encoding and decoding this format into several others and the open source VLC media player is a popular media player capable of decoding the format. In the early 2000s, mp3PRO was usable in several portable music players and in popular music software, but its market share has deteriorated rapidly. The codec itself is largely surpassed in quality and efficiency, as well as device and application support, by modern codecs like AAC and its HE-AAC variants which employ the same SBR method.
- mp3PRO licensing information, by Technicolor SA
- mp3PROzone.com, the official website for mp3PRO
- mp3PRO, the Coding Technologies page for mp3PRO as it appeared just after the Dolby acquisition
- "mp3PRO–the new MP3". geek.com. 9 January 2001. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
- Hachman, Mark (15 June 2001). "MP3Pro Audio Specification Debuts". ExtremeTech. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
- "mp3PRO licensing". Retrieved 27 December 2014.
- "SBR Explained". Coding Technologies. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
- "Playing MP3 Pro file under Linux". Retrieved 27 December 2014.
- "mp3 Demo software download". Retrieved 27 December 2014.
- "mp3PRO Products". Retrieved 27 December 2014.