Mpade language

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Mpadə
Native to Cameroon, Chad
Region Far North Province, Cameroon; west Chad
Native speakers
16,000 in Cameroon (2004)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 mpi
Glottolog mpad1242  Mpade[2]
ngal1301  Ngala[3]
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Mpadə is an Afro-Asiatic language spoken in northern Cameroon and southwestern Chad. Dialects are Bodo, Digam, Mpade (Makari), Shoe (Shewe), and Woulki.[4]

The language is sometimes known as Makari, after one of the towns where it is spoken. Ngala further west (as described by Barth) once spoke a dialect similar to Makari, but it was moribund by the 1920s, the people having shifted to Kanuri.

Phonology[edit]

Consonants[edit]

Mpade has the following consonants.[5]

Labial Coronal Palatal Velar Glottal
Plain Labialized
Stops and
affricates
Voiceless p t k
Voiced b d ɡ ɡʷ
Ejective tsʼ tʃʼ kʷʼ
Implosive ɓ ɗ
Prenasalized mb nd ŋɡ
Fricatives Voiceless f s ʃ h
Voiced z
Nasals m n
Lateral l
Trill r
Semivowels j w

Vowels[edit]

Mpade has the following vowels.[5]

front back
unrounded
back
rounded
High i ɨ u
Non-High e a o

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mpadə at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Mpade". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Ngala of Lake Chad". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  4. ^ Frawley, William J., ed. (2003). "Mpade". International Encyclopedia of Linguistics, Volume 1. Oxford University Press. p. 238. 
  5. ^ a b Allison 2006.

References[edit]