Mr. Bungle live in 1999
|Origin||Eureka, California, United States|
Mr. Bungle was an American experimental rock band from Eureka, California. The band was formed in 1985 while the members were still in high school, and was named after a 1950s children's educational film, later featured in a 1981 Pee-wee Herman HBO special. Mr. Bungle released four demo tapes in the mid to late 1980s before being signed to Warner Bros. Records and releasing three full-length studio albums between 1991 and 1999. The band toured in 1999 and 2000 to support their last album before going on hiatus; ultimately revealing that they had dissolved in 2004. Although Mr. Bungle went through several line-up changes early in their career, the longest-serving members were vocalist Mike Patton, guitarist Trey Spruance, bassist Trevor Dunn, saxophonists Clinton "Bär" McKinnon and Theo Lengyel, and drummer Danny Heifetz. Members were based in San Francisco during the band's tenure with Warner Bros.
Mr. Bungle was known for its highly eclectic style, often cycling through several musical genres within the course of a single song. Many of its songs had an unconventional structure and utilized a wide array of instruments and samples. Live shows often featured members dressing up (usually in masks earlier in the band's career) and an array of cover songs.
- 1 History
- 2 Style and influence
- 3 Stage shows and image
- 4 Discography
- 5 Members
- 6 Notes
- 7 External links
Early days (1985–1989)
Mr. Bungle formed in 1985 in Eureka, California, while the members were still in high school. The band initially consisted of Trevor Dunn, Mike Patton, Trey Spruance, Theo Lengyel, and Jed Watts. Watts was subsequently replaced by Hans Wagner, and then by Danny Heifetz, while Clinton "Bär" McKinnon joined in 1989. The band's name was taken from Lunchroom Manners, a 1959 children's educational film which was featured in a Pee-wee Herman Show HBO special in the early 1980s. In it, an elementary school class watch a puppet show about an ill-mannered boy named Mr. Bungle. The short film was a very straight-laced attempt to teach children good deportment. The version featured on The Pee-wee Herman Show had a laugh track added, which gently ridiculed the strict code of conduct promoted in the film.
Mr. Bungle played their first show during November 1985 at the Bayside Grange Hall. The band's first demo, The Raging Wrath of the Easter Bunny, was recorded during Easter of 1986. It featured a fast, low-fi death/thrash sound, with touches of ska. Instruments utilized on the album included a train whistle, saxophone, bongos and a kazoo. The Raging Wrath of the Easter Bunny was followed in 1987 by the Bowl of Chiley demo; it featured a much greater ska presence, as well as the sounds of jazz, swing and funk. Bradley Torreano noted at AllMusic that the recording was "essentially the sound of some very talented teenagers trying to make their love of jazz and ska come together in whatever way they can." In 1988, Mr. Bungle released their third demo, Goddammit I Love America!, which was musically similar to Bowl of Chiley. Mike Patton described its style as "funkadelic, thrashing, circus, ska." In 1988, Mike Patton became the lead vocalist for San Francisco's Faith No More, getting the job after Jim Martin of Faith No More heard him on a Mr. Bungle demo. Patton continued to be a member of both bands simultaneously and Mr. Bungle released their final demo tape in 1989. Entitled OU818, this recording was the first to feature tenor sax player Clinton "Bär" McKinnon and drummer Danny Heifetz. OU818 contained songs from the earlier demos, along with some new tracks. At the time of this release, Mike Patton described Mr. Bungle as a "weirdo funk band".
Self-titled debut (1990–1993)
Sample from Mr. Bungle's "Travolta (Quote Unquote)" from the album Mr. Bungle. It was Mr. Bungle's only song to ever receive a music video.
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
During 1990, the band members left Eureka for San Francisco, in search of greater musical opportunities. Trey Spruance said the change in location influenced the band's style, remarking "[we were interested in] Slayer and Mercyful Fate. Later it was The Specials and Fishbone. Then we moved to San Francisco and got all sophisticated. Now we are improv snobs who rule the avant-garde universe by night, and poor, fucked-up hipsters by day." Having established a following in Northern California, Mr. Bungle was signed to Warner Bros. Records in 1990, with the label releasing all three of their studio albums during the 1990s. It has been claimed that Patton's success as frontman of Faith No More was the primary reason Warner Bros. signed the band. The Los Angeles Times stated in an 1991 article that "Under normal circumstances, you'd have to describe Mr. Bungle's chances of landing a major label deal as... a long shot."
Their debut album, Mr. Bungle, was produced by jazz experimentalist John Zorn and was released on August 13, 1991. The cover featured artwork by Dan Sweetman, originally published in the story, "A Cotton Candy Autopsy" in the DC Comics/Piranha Press imprint title, Beautiful Stories for Ugly Children. The record mixed metal, funk, ska, carnival music and free jazz, but was normally described as funk metal by music critics. It received mostly positive reviews, with journalist Bill Pahnelas calling it "an incredible musical tour de force". On the style of the album, critic Steve Huey wrote in AllMusic: "Mr. Bungle is a dizzying, disconcerting, schizophrenic tour through just about any rock style the group can think of, hopping from genre to genre without any apparent rhyme or reason, and sometimes doing so several times in the same song."
The first track was originally titled "Travolta". At Warner Brothers' encouragement, it was renamed Quote Unquote in later pressings, due to fears regarding a potential lawsuit. The band created a music video for the song, directed by Kevin Kerslake. However, MTV refused to air the video because of images of bodies dangling on meat hooks. The album sold well despite MTV refusing to air their video and a lack of radio airplay. Almost all the members went by obscure aliases in the album credits. To promote the album in some stores, a Mr. Bungle bubble bath was given away with copies of the record sold. Following the release of the album the band toured North America.
Disco Volante (1994–1997)
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
Due to artwork delays and the band members' many side-projects, it was four years before Disco Volante was released, in October 1995. The new album displayed musical development and a shift in tone from their earlier recordings. While the self-titled album was described as "funk metal", with Disco Volante this label was replaced with "avant-garde" or "experimental".
The music was complex and unpredictable, with the band continuing with their shifts of musical style. Some of the tracks were in foreign languages and would radically change genres mid-song. Featuring lyrics about death, suicide and child abuse, along with children's songs and a Middle Eastern techno number, music critic Greg Prato described the album as having "a totally original and new musical style that sounds like nothing that currently exists". Not all critics were impressed with the album, with The Washington Post describing it as "an album of cheesy synthesizers, mangled disco beats, virtuosic playing and juvenile noises", calling it "self-indulgent" and adding that "Mr. Bungle's musicians like to show off their classical, jazz and world-beat influences in fast, difficult passages which are technically impressive but never seem to go anywhere". Additionally, writer Scott McGaughey described it as "difficult", and was critical of its "lack of actual songs". Disco Volante included influences from contemporary classical music, avant-garde jazz, electronic music pioneer Pierre Henry, Edgar Allan Poe, John Zorn, Krzysztof Penderecki and European film music of the 1960s and 1970s, such as those composed by Ennio Morricone and Peter Thomas. The album notes also contained an invitation to participate in an "unusual scam" – if $2 was sent to the band's address, participants would receive additional artwork, lyrics to the songs "Ma Meeshka Mow Skwoz" and "Chemical Marriage" and some stickers. The vinyl release of this album shipped with a 7" by the then-unknown Secret Chiefs 3. In 1996, Theo Lengyel retired as Bungle's original sax player and keyboardist due to creative differences.
Mr. Bungle supported this record with their first world tour, performing across the United States, Europe and Australia during 1995 and 1996. In 1997, Rastacore Records started distributing CDs of the band's rare independent demo Bowel of Chiley (incorrectly labelled Bowl of Chiley on the Rastacore release). This was done without official authorization from Mr. Bungle or Warner Bros., and as such production was halted, with only a limited number of CDs surviving.
Sample from Mr. Bungle's "Vanity Fair" from the album California. This clip illustrates one of Mr. Bungle's doo-wop–inspired songs.
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
After a two-year break which saw Patton's main project Faith No More split, Mr. Bungle reconvened in 1998 to record new material. The band's third album, California, was released on July 13, 1999. Ground and Sky reviews have described California as Mr. Bungle's most accessible and, while the genre shifts are still present, they are less frequent, with succinct song formats resulting in an album that The Associated Press called "surprisingly linear". AllMusic described the record as "their most concise album to date; and while the song structures are far from traditional, they're edging more in that direction, and that greatly helps the listener in making sense of the often random-sounding juxtapositions of musical genres". On the different style of this album, Mike Patton explained that to the band "the record is pop-y", before adding "but to some fucking No Doubt fan in Ohio, they're not going to swallow that." The album was generally well received, with music critic Robert Everett-Green stating, "The band's newest and greatest album does not reveal itself quickly, but once the bug bites, there is no cure. The best disc of the year, by a length."
The recording process for California was more complex than for the band's previous records. They chose to record the disc to analog tape rather than digitally and some songs required several 24-track machines, utilizing over 50 tracks. As a result, each song contains layers of original samples, keyboards, percussion and melodies. The album displays influences from Burt Bacharach and The Beach Boys, while blending lounge, pop, jazz, funk, thrash metal, Hawaiian, Middle Eastern, kecak and avant-garde music. The band toured North America, Australia and Europe to support the record. They also notably appeared on the 2000 edition of the SnoCore Tour, performing alongside alternative metal acts whom they had influenced, such as Incubus and System of a Down. According to Trevor Dunn, Mr. Bungle were "completely out of place" on the SnoCore Tour. He stated "We were sort of the grandpas of the tour, so we started really messing with the audiences. We dressed up like the Village People and acted super gay which really pissed off the metal kids."
Feud with Red Hot Chili Peppers
Singer Mike Patton was known to have had a bad relationship with the Red Hot Chili Peppers' frontman Anthony Kiedis, beginning when Kiedis saw Patton performing with Faith No More and accused him of imitating his style. California was scheduled to be released on June 8, 1999, but Warner Bros. Records pushed it back so as not to coincide with the Red Hot Chili Peppers similarly titled album, Californication, which was to be released on the same day. Following the album release date clash, Kiedis had Mr. Bungle removed from a series of summer festivals in Europe; as the headlining act at the festivals, The Red Hot Chili Peppers had final word on the bands that would appear. According to Mr. Bungle themselves, Kiedis had never met or spoken to anyone involved with the band aside from Mike Patton. Patton stated to The A.V. Club, "Our agent was in the process of booking these festivals, and it was becoming apparent that we'd landed some pretty good ones—one in France, another one in Holland, some big-name festivals. Turns out someone's holding a grudge! We were booted off several bills, specifically because Anthony Kiedis did not want us on the bill. He threatened to pull the Chili Peppers if Mr. Bungle was on the bill." In a separate interview, he also clarified that "the rest of the band doesn't care. It's something to do with Anthony." Trey Spruance added, "We were booked, months in advance, to do eleven festival dates in Europe. Come Summer, we get a call from the three biggest of those festivals, all of them the same day, saying that we can't play, because the headlining band retains the right to hire and fire whomever they wish. We found out it was the Red Hot Chili Peppers, so our manager called their manager to find out what the hell was going on, and their manager was very apologetic, and said, 'We're really sorry, we want you to know this doesn't reflect the management's position, or the band's for that matter, it's Anthony Kiedis who wants this.'"
As a result, Mr. Bungle parodied the Red Hot Chili Peppers in Pontiac, Michigan on Halloween of 1999. Patton introduced each Mr. Bungle band member with the name of one of the Red Hot Chili Peppers, before covering the songs "Give It Away", "Around the World", "Under the Bridge" and "Scar Tissue", with Patton deliberately using incorrect lyrics. Mr. Bungle also satirized many of the mannerisms of the band, mocking heroin injections, deceased guitarist Hillel Slovak and on-stage antics. Kiedis responded by having them removed from the 2000 Big Day Out festival in Australia and New Zealand. He said of the festival shows “I would not have given two fucks if they played there with us. But after I heard about [the] Halloween show where they mocked us, fuck him and fuck the whole band.” Patton went on to claim that Kiedis' actions had "ruined" Mr. Bungle's career, while Trevor Dunn remarked "It really screwed us up. It screwed up my life in a personal way." When asked if he had exchanged any words with Kiedis over the course of the dispute, Patton commented in 2000 "I have not had words. I don't think his, you know, minders, his gorillas, would let me have words with him."
The animosity between the two bands continued with Dunn later criticizing the Chili Peppers on his personal webpage, specifically their bass player Flea, stating, "Look, Flea, in all seriousness, really isn't that good. I mean c'mon Red Hot Chili Peppers were vaguely interesting in the late 80s, but Christ they fucking suck, they suck. Don't talk about it anymore". Patton was asked in 2010 about the festivals and his relationship with Kiedis. Patton said "It’s not worth talking about. I’ve no idea what it was about then and I don’t know now. But I bet we’d have a warm embrace if we saw each other now." In 2016, Trey Spruance reflected on the feud, claiming that it was a "weird and unprofessional jealous vendetta from a huge successful band towards an industry pip-squeak." He also stated that the band were fans of the first two Red Hot Chili Peppers albums.
The band played their final concert on September 9, 2000 in Nottingham, England.[better source needed] Following the California tour the band again went on hiatus. During the early 2000s, Patton was primarily touring and recording with his metal project Fantômas and the newly formed supergroup Tomahawk. Patton alluded to the fact that Mr. Bungle would probably not record any more albums in 2003, stating in an interview, "I think it is over. The guys are spread all over the world and we don't talk to each other. I have not spoken to a couple of the guys since the last tour, years ago." Patton reiterated this sentiment in another 2003 interview with Australian newspaper The Age. While no official break-up announcement ever materialized, a 2004 Rolling Stone interview confirmed Mr. Bungle had disbanded with Patton revealing, “We could have probably squeezed out a couple more records but the collective personality of this group became so dysfunctional, this band was poisoned by one person's petty jealousy and insecurity, and it led us to a slow, unnatural death. And I'm at peace with that, because I know I tried all I could.” When asked about a possible reunion, Mike Patton said, "It could happen, but I won’t be singing. Some bridges have definitely been burned. It was a fun time and sometimes you just have to move on. I’ve got a lot on my plate now." Trevor Dunn added on his website, "Bungle is dead and I'm happy about it" and that "the members of Mr. Bungle will never work together as such again". Spruance, Heifetz, and McKinnon have been more optimistic regarding a possible reunion.
After the dissolution of Mr. Bungle, the members have gone on to numerous different projects. Mike Patton co-founded the record label Ipecac Recordings and is involved with several other ventures, including various works with composer John Zorn, and most notably the bands Fantômas, Tomahawk, and Peeping Tom. In 2004, he was called upon by Icelandic singer/songwriter Björk to provide vocal work on her album Medúlla. He acted in the motion picture Firecracker, narrated the film Bunraku, and did voice work in the movie I Am Legend, performing the infected creatures screams and howls. He also did zombie and other character voices in the game Left 4 Dead (as well as the growls for the anger core in the game Portal). Additionally, in 2009 and 2010 Patton embarked on a world tour with Faith No More after they reunited. Trey Spruance is involved with various bands, including Secret Chiefs 3 and Faxed Head. Trevor Dunn joined Patton in Fantômas and recently in Tomahawk as well as forming his own jazz band, Trevor Dunn's Trio Convulsant; he also occasionally played bass with Secret Chiefs 3. Danny Heifetz's projects included playing with Secret Chiefs 3 and in a country/punk band called Dieselhed; he now resides in Sydney, Australia, and plays in outfits such as The Exiles, The Tango Saloon and The Fantastic Terrific Munkle. Clinton McKinnon also played with Secret Chiefs 3; he now lives in Melbourne, Australia, and plays with The Ribbon Device and Umläut.
Trey Spruance joined former Mr. Bungle bandmate Mike Patton and the band Faith No More onstage for the first time to perform the King for a Day... Fool for a Lifetime album in its entirety in Santiago in November 2011. Mike Patton recently sung on the Secret Chiefs 3 song "La Chanson de Jacky" in 2012 giving further speculation by fans on the chance of a reunion. Despite this, Trevor Dunn stated in a February 2013 interview with SF Weekly that there will be no Mr. Bungle reunion, saying, "I've heard the faintest murmurings about it, but honestly I don't think anyone is interested. It's nothing personal, either. We all feel like that band said what it needed to say. It would feel weird and awkward to play that music again. It would take a pant-load of money to make it happen, and honestly, I don't want to do it for that reason. I would prefer to let go of it, respectfully." When asked about Mr. Bungle reuniting in an interview published in February 2014, Patton responded by saying, "Who knows? It certainly doesn't seem like it's on the tip of anyone's lips, but I could have said the same thing - and in fact, I did say the same thing - about Faith No More, and that happened. And I think it happened for the better."
Style and influence
Prior to the release of their first album in 1991, the Los Angeles Times stated that the band "performs oddball music one critic has described as Bugs Bunny-type jazz." Variety referred to the band as "Zappa-esque Bay Area pranksters" in 2000. Allmusic's Greg Prato described Mr. Bungle's music as a “unique mix of the experimental, the abstract, and the absurd”, while Patrick Macdonald of The Seattle Times characterized their music as "harsh, grating, unstructured, blasting, squeaky, speedy, slow, eerie and strangely compelling". Distinctive features of the music were the utilization of numerous different instruments, unusual vocals, and the use of unpredictable song formats along with a number of different musical genres. Greg Prato stated they "may be the most talented rock instrumentalists today, as they skip musical genres effortlessly, while Mike Patton illustrates why many consider him to be the best singer in rock". Not all have agreed, with one reviewer calling the band the "most ridiculously terrible piece of festering offal ever scraped off the floor of a slaughterhouse". Journalist Geoffrey Himes criticized the band by stating "the vocals are so deeply buried in the music that the words are virtually indecipherable" and described the music as "aural montages rather than songs, for short sections erupt and suddenly disappear, replaced by another passage with little connection to what preceded it".
Mr. Bungle frequently incorporated unconventional instruments into their music including tenor sax, jaw harp, cimbalom, xylophone, glockenspiel, clarinet, ocarina, piano, organ, bongos, and woodblocks. Journalist John Serba commented that the instrumentation "sounded kind of like drunken jazz punctuated with Italian accordions and the occasional Bavarian march, giant power chord, or feedback noise thrown in". Overlaying this was Mike Patton’s vocals, who often used death metal growls, crooning, rapping, screeching, gurgling, or whispering. The arrangement of their songs was also idiosyncratic, often lacking a structured song format and rotating through different genres ranging from slow melodies to thrash metal. New York Times journalist Jon Pareles described it as music that “leaps from tempo to tempo, key to key, style to style, all without warning”. Similarly critic Patrick Macdonald commented, "In the middle of hard-to-follow, indecipherable noise, a relatively normal, funky jazz organ solo will suddenly drift in". Some of the genres they utilized include funk, free jazz, surf rock, punk, heavy metal, klezmer, ska, kecak, avant-jazz, folk, noise rock, alternative metal, pop, doo-wop, funk metal, electronica, swing, space age pop and exotica, death metal, rockabilly, bossa nova, progressive rock, country and western, circus music and even video game and cartoon music.
The majority of the band's music and lyrics were written by Patton, Dunn, and Spruance, with McKinnon and Heifetz occasionally contributing. Regarding their creative process, Bär McKinnon stated in a 2000 interview that "This band is kind of like a cruel boys club in a way. You bring some ideas and if you're not 100 percent firm about bringing a certain idea to this group, you can watch it get kicked aside and die really quickly."
It has been noted that the band were given an unusual amount of artistic freedom during their tenure with the major label Warner Bros. Records. In a 2016 interview, Trevor Dunn reflected —
|“||I seem to remember that they always left us alone. Patton was a big asset to them financially and in that regard it gave us some power because they had to appease him. That, for one, meant giving him the freedom to work with us as he always had. I don’t believe any of our records ever recouped which isn’t that big of a deal for a major label who have much larger fish to fry. For them it is just another tax write-off. And I have a sneaking suspicion that they possibly believed we would 'grow up' musically some day and make them some money.||”|
|— Trevor Dunn|
Mr. Bungle’s style has influenced many acts from the alternative metal genre, most notably Korn, who have utilized what they have dubbed the "Mr. Bungle chord" (A flat fifth chord or "Tritone"). James "Munky" Shaffer, one of Korn's guitarists, stated in a 2015 interview that Mr. Bungle's self-titled debut "set the tone for us and what we went on to do creatively". Brandon Boyd of Incubus similarly cites early Mr. Bungle as an influence, with Incubus's 1995 debut album Fungus Amongus mentioning them in the liner notes. Other prominent artists Mr. Bungle have inspired include System of a Down, Dog Fashion Disco, Limp Bizkit, Big Dumb Face, Tub Ring, Chino Moreno, Deftones, Glassjaw, Staind, Twelve Foot Ninja, Insane Clown Posse, Snot and Super Junky Monkey. Groups with similar live visuals — such as Mushroomhead and Slipknot — have also admitted that Mr. Bungle were a major influence. In 2016, former Slipknot drummer Joey Jordison claimed that "Mr. Bungle is one of my favourite bands of all time."
Stage shows and image
Mr. Bungle were known for their characteristically unconventional stage shows, where the band members would dress up in costumes and masks. In the early stages of their career they would often wear a uniform of mechanic's jumpsuits along with masks such as Madonna, Richard Nixon, Darth Vader, an executioner's hood or plastic clown or gimp masks. Bassist Trevor Dunn claimed that initially the reason for the dressing up was to assure anonymity. Regarding their heavy usage of clown and carnival themes, Trey Spruance explained "The thing is, every now and then while driving around aimlessly as teenagers blasting Sodom’s Obsessed by Cruelty album at 3AM, Patton and I would run across these redneck carnivals popping-up overnight on the periphery of town, in the middle of nowhere. We called them “Satanic Carnivals” due to their unexplained phantasmic arrival, and their pointless neon lights no one was around to appreciate as they sparkled up against the dreary fog. The next night, when they'd be open, we’d actually go to these god-damned things. There was certainly a malice to the toothless meth-heads running the barely-functioning rides, and the fights that would break out among drunken loggers, but it was all pretty standard fare — no evil clowns."
The band simply wore stockings to cover their faces during at least portions of the "Disco Volante" tour. The 1999-2000 shows in support of the California album usually featured Dunn dressed as a blonde girl resembling Goldilocks or The St. Pauli Girl, although for the other members this period was largely devoid of masks and outfits due to the increased demands of the music. Mike Patton explained, "This stuff is much harder to play, I was trying to do piano lines and I'm completely fumbling them because the leather bondage mask is stretching my face so tight that my eyes weren't lining up with the eye holes." Often the theme was related to California, with palm tree props and the band members wearing beach party outfits, including Hawaiian shirts and khaki pants. Occasionally, the band would simply appear in black suits with white dress shirts or dress up in chef costumes, cowboy suits or as the Village People.
Throughout their career, Mr. Bungle also performed numerous covers in their live shows, ranging from tiny snippets to whole songs. The covers drew from a wide variety of artists and genres encompassing hardcore punk and heavy metal songs by the Dead Kennedys, Van Halen and Slayer, movie scores by Ennio Morricone, Henry Mancini and John Williams, ska tunes by Camper Van Beethoven, pop songs by Elton John and Jennifer Lopez, as well as hip hop by Public Enemy and Ol' Dirty Bastard. They frequently covered Billy Squier's "The Stroke".
|Year||Album details||Peak chart positions|
|1991||"Quote Unquote"||Mr. Bungle|
|1992||"Mi Stoke Il Cigaretto" ||Live|
|1991||"Quote Unquote"||Kevin Kerslake|
- Mike Patton – vocals, keyboards, samples, guitar (1985-2000)
- Trey Spruance – guitar, keyboards, piano, backing vocals (1985-2000)
- Trevor Dunn – bass, backing vocals (1984-2000)
- Danny Heifetz – drums, tambourine (1989-2000)
- Clinton "Bär" McKinnon – tenor sax, clarinet, keyboards, piano, backing vocals (1989-2000)
- Theo Lengyel – saxophone, keyboards (1985-1996)
- Jed Watts – drums (1985-1987)
- Luke Miller – tenor sax, trumpet (1987-1989)
- Scott Fritz - tenor sax, trumpet (1987)
- Hans Wagner – drums (1987-1989)
- "Opinion | Black Sky Thinking | Why the World Doesn't Need New Nu Metal". The Quietus. March 11, 2009. Retrieved January 3, 2013.
Looking back, nu metal was a fairly natural progression of the increasingly ‘alternative’ nature of metal’s mainstream at the time, and drew inspiration from some pretty good bands into the bargain. ‘Alternative metal’ acts Faith No More and Mr Bungle were tapped more than any other groups
- "Mr. Bungle - Biography, Albums, Streaming Links - AllMusic".
- Haire, Chris (12 August 2009). "Psychostick returns funk metal to its silly roots". Charleston City Paper. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- McGaughey, Scott (September 1999). "Mr. Bungle". furious.com. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- Torreano, Bradley. "Bowl of Chiley - Mr. Bungle: Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- "Mr. Bungle Frequently Asked Questions". bunglefever.com. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- Prato, Greg (December 8, 2004). "Mr. Bungle Go Kaput". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on May 3, 2008. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- "MR BUNGLE". Retrieved February 23, 2017.
- Mathieson, Craig. "The leap from Faith".
- "Lunchroom Manners (1960) - IMDb". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- Pehling, Dave. "Trey Spruance of Secret Chiefs 3 on Slayer, Stravinsky, and the Possibility of Reuniting Mr. Bungle".
- "::Official Faith No More Site:: Biography::". fnm.com. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- Pogo Karras (April 8, 2010). "Mike Patton [Fantômas] Canadian TV 2001 Interview". Retrieved March 2, 2017 – via YouTube.
- GOLDSTEIN, PATRICK (3 February 1991). "Warner Records Stays Faithful to Mike Patton's Bungle". Retrieved 21 January 2017 – via LA Times.
- "Bungle Fever". bunglefever.com. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- Pahnelas, Bill (September 4, 1991). "Mr. Bungle's Carnival Is Sure Nothing to Laugh At". Richmond Times-Dispatch. p. C6.
- Huey, Steve. "Mr. Bungle - Mr. Bungle : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- Kerslake, Kevin. "Official Kevin Kerslake Director Credits". Retrieved June 2, 2013.
- Mr. Bungle (CD booklet). Warner Bros. Records. August 13, 1991.
- Koha, Nui Te; L'Estrange, Cameron (October 17, 1996). "Faith Falls to Bungle Music". The Daily Telegraph (Sydney, Australia). p. 54.
- Macdonald, Patrick (December 14, 1995). "Mr. Bungle: Way, Way Out There". The Seattle Times. p. H9.
- Prato, Greg. "Disco Volante - Mr. Bungle : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- Himes, Geoffrey (November 24, 1995). "Bungle's Jumble of Sounds". The Washington Post. p. N20.
- "Disco Volante Review". CMJ New Music Report. Retrieved May 24, 2007.
- Eichler, Bob; Paluzzi, Nick (February 27, 2004). "Ground and Sky Review - Mr. Bungle - Disco Volante". progreviews.com. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- An Aussie Music Fan. "Mr. Bungle - Gig Database - 1995". Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- An Aussie Music Fan. "Mr. Bungle - Gig Database - 1996". Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- Eichler, Bob (May 4, 2004). "Ground and Sky Review - Mr. Bungle - California". progreviews.com. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- Wu, Brandon (April 12, 2004). "Ground and Sky Review - Mr. Bungle - California". progreviews.com. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- Kurutz, Steve. "Mr. Bungle - California". AllMusic. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- "Mike Patton: A Singer with Energy". cnn.com. October 13, 1999. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- Huey, Steve. "California - Mr. Bungle : Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards : AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- Rodriguez, Kenn (November 19, 1999). "Mr. Bungle's Latest Album Will Take Fans by Surprise". Albuquerque Journal. p. E15.
- Everett-Green, Robert (December 27, 1999). "Woodstock Died and Mr. Bungle Flew". The Globe and Mail. p. R4.
- Condran, Ed (February 18, 2000). "It's a Bungle Out There But Success Can Be Had on Any Terms They Want". The Record. p. 018.
- Paluzzi, Nick (April 27, 2004). "Ground and Sky Review - Mr. Bungle - California". progreviews.com.
- An Aussie Music Fan. "Mr. Bungle - Gig Database - 1999". Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- An Aussie Music Fan. "Mr. Bungle - Gig Database - 2000". Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- "Fear Factory, Kittie, Frog Brigade Set For SnoCore Tours". Retrieved January 23, 2017.
- "Tomahawk's Trevor Dunn on Oddfellows, Mike Patton, and His Favorite Moment Touring with Mr. Bungle". rocknrollcocktail.com. March 3, 2013. Retrieved February 17, 2017.
- Canak, Danny (July 2, 2003). "Bungle No More? Mike Patton Interview". Absolut Metal. Retrieved May 5, 2007.
- Mr. Bungle Radio Interview with WQFS, Greensboro, NC 
- Stratton, Jeff (October 20, 1999). "Mike Patton of Mr. Bungle". A.V. Club. Retrieved June 26, 2007.
- "FAITH NO MORE VS RED HOT CHILI PEPPERS". faithnomorefollowers.com. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
- Johnson, Neala (March 16, 2000). "Red-hot Animosity". Herald-Sun. p. 47.
- Penny L (September 20, 2013). "Mike Patton (Fantômas) on Anthony Kiedis". Retrieved January 23, 2017 – via YouTube.
- 2000 BBC1 Radio Interview with Mike Patton 
- Dunn, Trevor. "Your Questions / My Answers". Trevor Dunn Official Site. Retrieved April 28, 2007.
- Spruance, Trey (November, 2016) 
- "Mr. Bungle Concert Setlists".
- "Patton pending - www.theage.com.au". Retrieved January 5, 2017.
- Lasik, Brett (November 17, 2005). "Rocker Mike Patton Explodes in Firecracker". Giant Magazine. Archived from the original on July 4, 2006. Retrieved April 28, 2007.
- Canak, Danny (July 31, 2004). "Trey Spruance of Mr. Bungle interview". Musicdish. Retrieved June 12, 2007.
- Buttfield, Brett. "Bar McKinnon interview". dB Magazine. Retrieved April 28, 2007.
- "Ipecac Recordings: About". Ipecac Recordings Official Site. Retrieved May 25, 2007.
- "Fantômas Biography". Ipecac Recordings Official Site. Retrieved May 25, 2007.
- "Tomahawk Biography". Ipecac Recordings Official Site. Retrieved May 25, 2007.
- "Peeping Tom Biography". Ipecac Recordings Official Site. Retrieved May 25, 2007.
- "Firecracker Official Site". Dikenga Films. Retrieved May 25, 2007.
- Harris, Chris (December 13, 2007). "Mike Patton Hits the Big Screen, Voicing 'I Am Legend' Baddies and Scoring 'Perfect' Indie Flick". MTV Networks. Retrieved January 3, 2008.
- "Trevor Dunn's Trio Convulsant Biography". Ipecac Recordings Official Site. Retrieved May 20, 2007.
- "The Tango Saloon Biography". Ipecac Recordings Official Site. Retrieved May 5, 2007.
- Shand, John (July 1, 2006). "Cartoon Jazz: The Fantastic Terrific Munkle". Sydney Morning Herald. p. 13.
- "The Ribbon Device Biography". The Ribbon Device Official Site. Retrieved May 5, 2007.
- Dib, Lisa (February 10, 2009). "Umlaut (Bär McKinnon) release debut album". The Dwarf. Retrieved April 30, 2009.
- "Tomahawk's Trevor Dunn on Why There Won't Be a Mr. Bungle Reunion". SF Weekley. February 12, 2013. Retrieved April 3, 2013.
- "Tomahawk's Trevor Dunn on Why There Won't Be a Mr. Bungle Reunion". Alarm Magazine. Issue 41 February 2014. Retrieved November 1, 2014.
- Augusto, Troy J. (January 25, 2000). "Review: 'Sno-Core 2000'". Retrieved March 2, 2017.
- Serba, John (February 8, 2000). "Sno-Core Tour Smacks the Fans Silly". The Grand Rapids Press. p. C4.
- Pareles, Jon (November 11, 1999). "Mr. Bungle Music Review; Between the Cackles, Alienation and Apocalypse". New York Times. Retrieved June 16, 2007.
- Gilbertson, Jon (February 4, 2000). "Eclectic Mr. Bungle stays in the mix by pushing limits". The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.
- Mr. Bungle (1995). "Disco Volante Album Credits". USA: Warner Bros. Records.
- Mr. Bungle (1999). "California Album Credits". USA: Warner Bros. Records.
- "BTS" Interview with Bär McKinnon & Danny Heifetz 
- "TREVOR DUNN - Disco Volante Interview". Retrieved January 5, 2017.
- "Korn's James 'Munky' Shaffer - Under the Influence - The Skinny". Retrieved January 5, 2017.
- Azerrad, Mike (March–April 2002). "Mike Patton Interview". Revolver.
- "System of a Down - Similar Artists, Influenced By, Followers". AllMusic. Retrieved January 3, 2013.
- CMJ New Music Report 28 Apr 2003 
- "Limp Bizkit - Similar Artists - AllMusic". Retrieved January 3, 2017.
- Devenish, Colin (2000). Limp Bizkit. St. Martin's. pp. 159–166. ISBN 0-312-26349-X.
- "Tub Ring reaches for the perfect pitch". popmatters.com. Retrieved February 3, 2017.
- "Deftones - Similar Artists - AllMusic". Retrieved January 3, 2017.
- "Glassjaw - Similar Artists - AllMusic". Retrieved January 3, 2017.
- "Staind - Biography, Albums, Streaming Links - AllMusic". Retrieved January 3, 2017.
- "[Exclusive] Twelve Foot Ninja's Steve MacKay Shares His Top 5 Horror Movie Plot Twists - Bloody Disgusting!". bloody-disgusting.com. October 7, 2013. Retrieved February 3, 2017.
- "J-Mann of Mushroomhead : Songwriter Interviews". songfacts.com. Retrieved February 3, 2017.
- "About Mushroomhead". Mushroomheadxx.20megsfree.com. Retrieved January 3, 2013.
- "Slipknot - Similar Artists, Influenced By, Followers". AllMusic. Retrieved January 3, 2013.
- "Joey Jordison's Top 10 Best Drummers Of All Time". teamrock.com. June 21, 2016. Retrieved February 3, 2017.
- Joost, Wesley. "Mr. Bungle Have No Bungholes". sonic.net/~goblin. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- Brown, G. (March 20, 1992). "Mr. Bungle to Show Its Face at Gothic". Denver Post. p. 3–E.
- "Mr. Bungle Beats Queen; Neil Young Under the Stars - Manhattan, New York, NY - News". nypress.com. Retrieved February 17, 2017.
- Gadino, Dylan. "Leap from Faith: Mike Patton Strikes Again with Mr. Bungle". Rockpile. Retrieved September 2, 2012.
- Rose, Lisa (November 5, 1999). "Mike Patton Interview". The Star-Ledger. p. 9.
- "Interview with Trey Spruance of Mr. Bungle, Faith No More, Secret Chiefs 3 - Culture Creature". August 30, 2016. Retrieved January 3, 2017.
- Hung, Steffen. "australian-charts.com - Mr. Bungle - Disco Volante".
- "Mr. Bungle - Mi Stoke Il Cigaretto".