Mr. Magoo and McBarker from
What's New, Mr. Magoo?
|Created by||Millard Kaufman
Willis Pyle Sherm Glas
|Portrayed by||Jim Backus (1949–1989)
Jim Conroy (Kung Fu Magoo)
Leslie Nielsen (film)
|Family||Waldo, Mother Magoo, Granny Magoo, Tycoon Magoo|
Mr. Magoo, sometimes given the first names J. Quincy, is a cartoon character created at the UPA animation studio in 1949. Voiced by Jim Backus, Mr. Magoo is a wealthy, short-statured retiree who gets into a series of comical situations as a result of his extreme near-sightedness, compounded by his stubborn refusal to admit the problem. However, through uncanny streaks of luck, the situation always seems to work itself out for him, leaving him no worse than before.
Affected people (or animals) consequently tend to think that he is a lunatic, rather than just being nearsighted. In later cartoons he is also an actor, and generally a competent one, except for his visual impairment.
Mr. Magoo's first appearance was in the theatrical short cartoon The Ragtime Bear (1949), scripted by Millard Kaufman. His creation was a collaborative effort; animation director John Hubley is said to have partly based the character on his uncle Harry Woodruff, and W. C. Fields was another source of inspiration. In a legend circulating among medievalists, Harvard University professor Francis P. Magoun is also said to have been the model for the character. However, there is no evidence that artist Hubley knew the scholar. Columbia was reluctant to release the short, but did so, only because it included a bear. However, audiences quickly realized that the real star was Magoo, one of the few "human" cartoon characters ever produced in Hollywood at the time. The short became a box-office success.
The Magoo character was originally conceived as a mean-spirited McCarthy-like reactionary whose mumbling would include as much outrageous misanthropic ranting as the animators could get away with. Kaufman had actually been blacklisted, and Magoo was a form of protest. Hubley was an ex-communist who had participated in the Disney animators' strike in 1941. Both he and Kaufman had participated in the blacklist front and perhaps due to the risk of coming under more scrutiny with a successful character, Hubley, who had created Magoo, handed the series completely over to creative director Pete Burness. However, it was Production Manager Sherm Glas who designed the character itself.
Under Burness, Magoo would win two Academy Awards for the studio with When Magoo Flew (1955) and Magoo's Puddle Jumper (1956). Burness scrubbed Magoo of his politicized meanness and left only a few strange unempathic comments that made him appear senile or somewhat mad. Magoo was frequently accompanied in his on-screen escapades with his nephew Waldo, voiced at various times by Jerry Hausner or Daws Butler.
On talk shows, Backus often told the tale of how he originally discovered Magoo's voice when he put on a fake rubber nose that pinched his nose slightly, giving it the nasal sound. He was only able to perform the voice with the help of the rubber nose for some time, but eventually learned how to re-create it without its assistance. He would usually pull out the nose (or a facsimile, since the original had been lost some years before) and put it on and break into the familiar voice.
In 1957, the record album Magoo in Hi-Fi was released. Side 1 consisted of a dialog between Magoo and Waldo taking place while Magoo was attempting to set up his new sound system. Music on the album was composed and conducted by Dennis Farnon and his orchestra. Side 2, "The Mother Magoo Suite", was a series of musical pieces which included two solos by Marni Nixon.
In 1997, the live-action comedy film Mr. Magoo was produced by Walt Disney Pictures on December 25, 1997 and starred Leslie Nielsen as the title character. The film received negative reviews from critics
In 2010, a direct-to-video action-comedy film based on the character, Kung Fu Magoo, was released on DVD on May 11, 2010. It features the voices of Jim Conroy, Chris Parnell, Dylan and Cole Sprouse, and Alyson Stoner. The film is a Mexican–American co-production, produced by Classic Media, Ánima Estudios, and Santo Domingo Films. The film was directed by Andrés Couturier. His most recent appearance was in DreamWorks Animation's The Boss Baby, where he briefly appears on the cover of a comic book.
In the 1960s, UPA turned its attention to television, and began producing the series The Mr. Magoo Show for the character. Because UPA had shut down its animation studio in 1959, the animation for these cartoons was done by Jack Kinney Productions and Larry Harmon Pictures. The cartoons suffered from varying character designs and choppier animation, due to rushed production schedules. Magoo's nephew Waldo (voiced, as in most of the theatrical cartoons, by Jerry Hausner) was seldom seen with his uncle, now appearing in his own episodes, introduced by a brief phone conversation from Magoo's point of view, which acted as a teaser. The Waldo episodes also featured a slick-talking con man named Presley, and always ended with a return to Magoo saying, "Oh, that Waldo and Presley. What'll they be up to next? Hee hee hee!"
Magoo's houseboy Cholly (i.e. "Charlie") took up a lot of Waldo's slack. Cholly was an Asian stereotype with huge buck teeth and comically fractured English pronunciation. Despite his stereotyped appearance and voice, he nonetheless usually plays straight man to Magoo's shenanigans, rather than being a source of humor on his own. He is the "sane" one of the pair. His resourcefulness often saves Magoo from danger.
Still other cartoons featured Tycoon Magoo, voiced by Mel Blanc, and his bumbling assistant Worcestershire.
During the UPA television era came Mister Magoo's Christmas Carol, an abbreviated but largely faithful retelling of Charles Dickens' tale. It was the first ever animated Christmas special made for television and is considered to be a holiday classic of the 1960s, ranking alongside A Charlie Brown Christmas and How the Grinch Stole Christmas!. The special inspired production of an animated TV series titled The Famous Adventures of Mr. Magoo, which placed Magoo as an actor in other well-known stories. After an introduction in Magoo's backstage dressing room, Magoo was depicted in such roles as The Count of Monte Cristo, Merlin in an upbeat retelling of the story of King Arthur, Friar Tuck in Robin Hood, and Puck in A Midsummer Night's Dream.
In 1970 Mr. Magoo starred as Uncle Sam in the TV special Uncle Sam Magoo.
In the late 1970s, Mr. Magoo appeared in a new Saturday morning CBS television series called What's New, Mr. Magoo? This series was made under license by the DePatie–Freleng studio, as UPA had by this time ceased in-house cartoon production.
In 1997, Mr. Magoo was portrayed by Leslie Nielsen in a live-action Mr. Magoo feature film. It failed to find critical or popular success, and some support groups for the disabled, including the National Federation of the Blind, protested it on behalf of the blind and sight impaired.
A Mexican-US animated feature, Kung Fu Magoo, was released as a direct-to-DVD release in 2010 and made its TV debut on Disney XD in 2011.
Mr. Magoo helped advertise the General Electric line of products throughout the 1950s and 1960s, sometimes under the name J. Quincy Magoo. In 2005, Mr. Magoo became the spokesman of the optical retail store Sterling Optical. Magoo also was featured in a series of commercials for Stag Beer in the 1960s. Also in the 1960s, the Polaner company sold its line of preserves in jars decorated with images of Mr. Magoo, which when empty could then be used as drinking glasses.
Mr. Magoo's catchphrase was "Oh Magoo, you've done it again!"
Mr. Magoo is an alumnus of Rutgers University, Class of 1928. The reason behind this is that his creators wanted him to be "a college alumnus who was still fired up with the old school spirit [and they felt] Rutgers was the embodiment of the 'old school tie' in America.". He was definitely in a fraternity since he would often shout out, "Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Rho – Rutgers, Rutgers, Go – Go – Go!"
- Mr. Magoo (voiced by Jim Backus) – An elderly man whose eyesight is failing, though he either does not know it or is too stubborn to do anything about it.
- Waldo (voiced by Jerry Hausner from 1949 to 1955 and in the 1960s series, Casey Kasem in the 1970s series, and Daws Butler on the 1957 record and from 1956–1959) – Mr. Magoo's nephew.
- McBarker (voiced by Frank Welker) – Mr. Magoo's dog, in the 1970s cartoon series, What's New, Mr. Magoo? A talking bulldog, he shares his owner's facial features and poor eyesight.
- Mother Magoo (voiced first by Henny Backus in "Meet Mother Magoo" (1956), then June Foray) – Mr. Magoo's "Momma", Linda.
- Charlie (Voiced By Benny Rubin)— Mr. Magoo's houseboy. Charlie's depiction as an Asian stereotype was controversial. The character was prone to unusual misuses of English, such as referring to himself in the third person as "Cholley", and calling Mr. Magoo "Bloss" instead of "Boss". In the late 1960s, episodes featuring Charlie were dropped from the series and his character was never mentioned again. A version of the series that runs on the Christian network KTV retains Charlie, but dubs over his ethnic-sounding voice track.
- Grandma "Granny" Magoo
- Presley (voiced by Daws Butler) – Waldo's "partner in crime" in the 1960 cartoon.
- Bowzir – Mr. Magoo's dog (really a Siamese cat).
- Wheeler and Dealer – Two children Mr. Magoo occasionally babysits in The Mr. Magoo Show (1960–1962)
- Tycoon Magoo (voiced by Mel Blanc) – Mr. Magoo's rich uncle. His catchphrase is "Worcestershire, get in here!"
- Worcestershire (voiced by Mel Blanc) – Tycoon Magoo's butler who is always trying to prevent Mr. Magoo from ruining Tycoon Magoo's property.
- Additional character voices were provided by Paul Frees
Theatrical cartoon shorts
- For a complete list of theatrical Mr. Magoo cartoons, see List of Mr. Magoo cartoons
The following Mr. Magoo cartoons were either nominees for or recipients of the Academy Award for Best Short Subject (Cartoons):
- 1950: Trouble Indemnity
- 1950: Bathtub Horn
- 1952: Pink and Blue Blues
- 1954: When Magoo Flew (winner)
- 1956: Magoo's Puddle Jumper (winner)
On February 8, 2005 Sony Wonder (under license from Classic Media) released The Mr. Magoo Show: The Complete Collection. This four-disc set featured all 26 episodes of the series as well as bonus features. This release has been discontinued and is now out of print.
On November 8, 2011, Shout! Factory (under license from Classic Media) released Mr. Magoo: The Television Collection 1960–1977 on DVD in Region 1. This 11-disc collection contains all episodes from all three Mr. Magoo television series including all 26 episodes of The Mister Magoo Show, all 26 episodes of The Famous Adventures of Mr. Magoo, all 16 episodes of What's New Mister Magoo?, and the prime-time TV special Uncle Sam Magoo as well as several bonus features.
On December 6, 2011, Sony released the feature 1001 Arabian Nights on DVD through their Screen Classics manufactured-on-demand (MOD) program, now available through a licensing deal through the Warner Archive Collection.
In 2011, animation historian Jerry Beck announced the release of a Shout! Factory boxed set of the Mr. Magoo theatrical (UPA) shorts, under license from Sony. Originally scheduled for release in 2012, the set was pushed back for two years as Sony remastered some of the cartoons from higher quality sources, including newly discovered elements. The four-disc Mr. Magoo Theatrical Collection, containing all Mr. Magoo theatrical shorts and 1001 Arabian Nights, was released on April 22, 2014.
- Barnes, Mike (2016-06-08). "Willis Pyle, Famed Animator on 'Pinocchio' and 'Mr. Magoo,' Dies at 101". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2016-06-28.
- TV Guide Book of Lists. 158: Running Press. 2007. ISBN 0-7624-3007-9.
- Letter from Hubley. Kaufman claimed in a 2007 interview that the character was based on his uncle.
- According to John P. Walter, the archivist for the Walter J. Ong archive (Saint Louis University)
- Maltin, Leonard (1987). Of Mice and Magic: A History of American Animated Cartoons. New American Library. p. 341. ISBN 0-452-25993-2.
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- DeMott, Rick (12 October 2010). "Disney XD Picks Up 'Kung Fu Magoo' Feature". Animation World Network. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
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- Anderson, John (December 24, 1997). "'Mr. Magoo' Blunders Into Live-Action". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 22, 2014.
- General Electric advertisement featuring Mr. Magoo. Life Magazine December 14, 1959
- James A. Cox, A Century of Light, 1979, p. 122, 126
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- "Retrieved October 6, 2011". News.google.com. August 13, 1985. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
- Retrieved October 6, 2011. Books.google.com. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
- Rutgers timeline Rutgers University. Retrieved January 5, 2008.
- "A Mr. Magoo Biography by Josh and Ed Shapiro" (PDF). Retrieved June 13, 2012.
- "Mr. Magoo Show: The Complete Collection: Jim Backus, Joan Gardner, Marvin Miller, Paul Frees, Dal McKennon, Howard Morris, Julie Bennett, Everett Sloane, Shepard Menken, Robie Lester, Morey Amsterdam, Dick Beals: Movies & TV". Amazon.com. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
- "Mr. Magoo DVD news: Box Art and Contents for Mr. Magoo on TV Collection: 1960–1977". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
- Shostak, Stu (08-11-2011). "Interview with Jerry Beck". Stu's Show. Retrieved 06-30-2014.
- Shostak, Stu (03-20-2014). "Interview with Jerry Beck". Stu's Show. Retrieved 06-30-2014.
- Galbraith, Stewart IV (22 April 2014). "Review of "'Mr. Magoo- The Theatrical Collection: 1949–1959"". DVD Talk. Retrieved 30 June 2014.