Mramorje (Perućac)

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Mramorje
Мраморје
Mramorje
Mramorje stećak and tombstone necropolis
Mramorje (Perućac) is located in Serbia
Mramorje (Perućac)
Shown within Serbia
Alternate name Bagruša / Багруша
Location Perućac
Region Bajina Bašta municipality
Coordinates 43°57′28″N 19°25′48″E / 43.95778°N 19.43000°E / 43.95778; 19.43000Coordinates: 43°57′28″N 19°25′48″E / 43.95778°N 19.43000°E / 43.95778; 19.43000
Type Tombstone and Stećak necropolis
History
Material limestone blocks
Founded 14th century
Cultures Medieval Bosnia
Site notes
Condition Ruined
Ownership Republic of Serbia
Public access Yes

Mramorje or Bagruša (Serbian Cyrillic: Мраморје or Багруша) is a medieval necropolis, located in Perućac, Serbia, and is among the best preserved necropoli of the region.[1] The necropolis was built in the 14th century, and extends between the Drina river and the main road that follows its course, at the entrance of the settlement. The site is protected by the Republic of Serbia, as a Monument of Culture of Exceptional Importance,[1] but is nevertheless threatened by the Drina river on one side and the continued expanding of the town of Perućac, on the other.[1] Stećaks was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2016, of which 3 sites are located in Serbia, Mramorje being one of them.[2]

The Necropolis[edit]

The Necropolis, with about 200 tombstones made of solid limestone, was established in the fourtheenth century. The largest found specimens of tombstones in the necropolis reach a length of 2 metres (6.6 ft), and a width and height of nearly 1 metre (3.3 ft).[1] Earlier sources record a number of 122 monuments, while according to recent data, there are 93 as follows: 46 panel, 18 slemenjak with stand, 10 slemenjak without stand, 7 sarcophagus with stand, 10 sarcophagus without base, and 2 amorphous samples. Over time, some of the tombstones were moved, others have sunken into the ground, while several items were transferred to museums (two tombstones with no decorations are in the collection of the Ethnographic Museum in Belgrade, and one is in the National Museum in Užice).[1]

Tombstones in the necropolis are arranged in regular rows, and also tend to have an east-west orientation. No inscriptions can be read on the tombstones, however a number of them are fine-processed, very few of them are decorated, and there are a few recorded motifs (including circles, the moon, and sword and shield designs).[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Monuments of Culture in Serbia: Некропола стећака (SANU) (Serbian) (English)
  2. ^ http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1504
  3. ^ "Kamp Perućac". Kamp Perućac (in Serbian). srbijacentar. Retrieved 22 November 2010.