Location of Mratinje Dam in Montenegro
|Owner(s)||Electric Power Authority of Montenegro|
|Dam and spillways|
|Type of dam||Arch, double-curvature|
|Height||220 m (722 ft)|
|Length||268 m (879 ft)|
|Width (crest)||4.5 m (15 ft)|
|Width (base)||45 m (148 ft)|
|Dam volume||732,940 m3 (25,883,532 cu ft)|
|Total capacity||880,000,000 m3 (710,000 acre·ft)|
|Catchment area||1,757.7 km2 (679 sq mi)|
|Surface area||12 km2 (5 sq mi)|
|Turbines||3 x 120 MW|
|Installed capacity||360 MW|
The dam was completed in 1975 with designs by Energoprojekt. Its construction resulted in the flooding of the Piva canyon and the creation of Lake Piva, which, with its 12.5 km², is the second largest lake in Montenegro.
The dam is 220 metres (720 ft) high, one of the highest in Europe. The dam is 268 metres (879 ft) long and 4.5 metres (15 ft) thick at the crest, while it is 30 metres (98 ft) long and 36 metres (118 ft) thick at the base. The foundations go as deep as 38 metres (125 ft) into the ground. 820,000 cubic metres (1,070,000 cu yd) of concrete and 5,000 tonnes of steel were built into the dam.
The location of the 16th century Piva Monastery was flooded by the lake, so while the dam was built, the monastery was broken into pieces and moved to a higher ground, 3.5 km away. It was reconstructed in the original way.
Dam was used as location for shooting British produced World War II movie Force 10 from Navarone as main tactical target and it was also pictured on a movie poster.
- "Mratinje Dam and Hydroelectric Plant". Energoprojekt. Retrieved 6 May 2011.
- Marković, Veljko; Svetlana Živković; Jelena Marković (1999). "Global Elastic Modulus Usage for Diagnosing the Mratinje Dam Behavior" (PDF). Facta Universitatis. Architecture and Civil Engineering. University of Niš. 2 (1): 67–75. Retrieved 6 May 2011.
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