Mrkonjić Grad

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Mrkonjić Grad

Мркоњић Град
View on Mrkonjić Grad
View on Mrkonjić Grad
Coat of arms of Mrkonjić Grad
Coat of arms
Location of Mrkonjić Grad within Republika Srpska
Location of Mrkonjić Grad within Republika Srpska
Coordinates: 44°25′N 17°05′E / 44.417°N 17.083°E / 44.417; 17.083Coordinates: 44°25′N 17°05′E / 44.417°N 17.083°E / 44.417; 17.083
CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
EntityRepublika Srpska
Government
 • MayorDivna Aničić (SNSD) [1]
Area
 • Total677.43 km2 (261.56 sq mi)
Population
 (2013 census)
 • Total16,671
 • Density25/km2 (64/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s)50

Mrkonjić Grad (Serbian Cyrillic: Мркоњић Град; pronounced [mr̩koɲit͡ɕ grad]) is a town and municipality located in western Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is located in the region of Bosanska Krajina, between Banja Luka and Jajce. As of 2013, it has a population of 16,671 inhabitants.

Name[edit]

The town changed its name several times in history: Gornje Kloke, Novo Jajce, Varcarev Vakuf, Varcar Vakuf, and ultimately the present one. The last renaming took place in 1924 after King Peter I of Serbia, who had taken the nom de guerre "Mrkonjić" while fighting in the uprising (1875–78) against the Ottoman Empire.

History[edit]

Church of Saint Sava
Bočac fortress

From 1929 to 1941, Mrkonjić Grad was part of the Vrbas Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

In World War II, the town became renowned by the first meeting of ZAVNOBiH on 25 November 1943, when Bosnia and Herzegovina was proclaimed as a common republic of Serbs, Croats and Muslims.

During the Bosnian War from 1992 to 1995, the town was within the territory controlled by Bosnian Serbs. The town is also known for the Mrkonjić Grad incident where the USAF lost one F-16 in June 1995.[2] The pilot of the jet, Scott O'Grady, was stranded in the area for six days before being rescued by US Marines. In 8–12 October 1995, Mrkonjić Grad was in the hands of the Croatian Army (HV) and the Croatian Defence Council (HVO).

After the Dayton peace agreement the town was assigned to the entity of Republika Srpska.[3] In 1996, a mass grave containing the bodies of 181 Serbs—mostly civilians—was uncovered in Mrkonjić Grad. Almost all were killed by Croat forces in late 1995.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194829,178—    
195331,127+1.30%
197130,159−0.18%
198129,684−0.16%
199126,278−1.21%
201316,671−2.05%

According to the 2013 census results, the municipality has 16,671 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The ethnic composition of the municipality:

Ethnic group Population
1971[5]
Population
1981[6]
Population
1991[7]
Population
2013[7]
Serbs 22,735 23,009 21,056 16,050
Bosniaks/Muslims 4,990 3,364 2,311 375
Croats 2,204 2,290 1,992 159
Yugoslavs 98 855 - -
Others 133 166 919 87
Total 30,159 29,684 26,278 16,671

Economy[edit]

The following table gives a preview of total number of registred employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[8]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 196
Mining and quarrying 22
Manufacturing 814
Distribution of power, gas, steam and air-conditioning 235
Distribution of water and water waste management 52
Construction 499
Wholesale and retail, repair 490
Transportation and storage 171
Hotels and restaurants 145
Information and communication 25
Finance and insurance 35
Real estate activities 1
Professional, scientific and technical activities 74
Administrative and support services 3
Public administration and defence 243
Education 328
Healthcare and social work 122
Art, entertainment and recreation 15
Other service activities 47
Total 3,517

Tourism[edit]

The Balkana Lake lies near the town and presents a small, but beautiful tourist resort including the nearby Skakavac Waterfall.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2004 Nacelnici" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 21, 2006. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
  2. ^ "AFSOUTH Fact sheets". AF South Nato. 2011-03-07. Retrieved 2016-08-06.
  3. ^ "Dayton Accords - international agreement". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 2016-08-06.
  4. ^ "Serbs unearth 181 bodies in mass grave". Independent. 6 April 1996. Retrieved 27 July 2019.
  5. ^ "Nacionalni Sastav Stanovništva SFR Jugoslavije" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Republički zavod za statistiku (Srbija). Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  6. ^ "Nacionalni Sastav Stanovništva SFR Jugoslavije" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Republički zavod za statistiku (Srbija). Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  7. ^ a b "Popis 2013 u BiH – Mrkonjić Grad". statistika.ba (in Bosnian). Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  8. ^ "Cities and Municipalities of Republika Srpska 2017" (PDF). rzs.rs.ba (in Serbian). December 2017. Retrieved 21 October 2018.

External links[edit]