Mrs. Hume's pheasant

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Mrs. Hume's pheasant
CITES Appendix I (CITES)[2]
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Dinosauria
Clade: Saurischia
Clade: Theropoda
Clade: Avialae
Clade: Aves
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Genus: Syrmaticus
S. humiae
Binomial name
Syrmaticus humiae
Hume, 1881

Mrs. Hume's pheasant (Syrmaticus humiae) (Meitei: Nongin; literally, "one who follows the track of rain"[3][4][5]), also known as Hume's pheasant or the bar-tailed pheasant, is a large, up to 90 cm (35 in) long, forest pheasant with a greyish brown head, bare red facial skin, chestnut brown plumage, yellowish bill, brownish orange iris, white wingbars and metallic blue neck feathers. The male has a long greyish white, barred black and brown tail. The female is a chestnut brown bird with whitish throat, buff color belly and white-tipped tail.

This rare and little known pheasant is found throughout forested habitats of the Mizoram, Patkai Range, Manipur, Yunnan and northern parts of Myanmar and Thailand. Its diet consists mainly of vegetation matter. The female lays three to twelve creamy white eggs in nests of leaves, twigs and feathers.

Doi Lang Mountain - Thailand

The name commemorates Mary Ann Grindall Hume, wife of the British naturalist in India Allan Octavian Hume. It is the state bird of Mizoram and Manipur.[6][7]

Owing to ongoing habitat loss, fragmented population and being hunted for food, the Mrs. Hume's pheasant is evaluated as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is listed on Appendix I of CITES.


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Syrmaticus humiae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T22679330A92810936. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22679330A92810936.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  2. ^ "Appendices | CITES". Retrieved 2022-01-14.
  3. ^ Kaushik, Alankar; Suchiang, Abir (2022-07-21). Narratives and New Voices from India: Cases of Community Development for Social Change. Springer Nature. p. 144. ISBN 978-981-19-2496-5.
  4. ^ "Nongin the State bird of Manipur By Sanasam Yaiphaba". Retrieved 2022-07-25.
  5. ^ "StateBirdNongin".
  6. ^ "Murlen Naltional Park, Champhai District". Mizoram Tourism. Department of Tourism, Government of Mizoram. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
  7. ^ "Manipur initiative to conserve state bird Mrs Hume's Pheasant". Northeast Now. Retrieved 7 September 2020.

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