Mrs. Hume's pheasant
|Mrs. Hume's pheasant|
Mrs. Hume's pheasant (Syrmaticus humiae), also known as Hume's pheasant or the bar-tailed pheasant, is a large, up to 90 cm long, forest pheasant with a greyish brown head, bare red facial skin, chestnut brown plumage, yellowish bill, brownish orange iris, white wingbars and metallic blue neck feathers. The male has a long greyish white, barred black and brown tail. The female is a chestnut brown bird with whitish throat, buff color belly and white-tipped tail.
This rare and little known pheasant is found throughout forested habitats of the Mizoram, Patkai Range, Yunnan and northern parts of Myanmar and Thailand. The diet consists mainly of vegetation matters. The female lays three to twelve creamy white eggs in nest of leaves, twigs and feathers.
Owing to ongoing habitat loss, fragmented population and being hunted for food, the Mrs. Hume's pheasant is evaluated as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is listed on Appendix I of CITES.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Syrmaticus humiae". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013.old-form url
- "Murlen Naltional Park, Champhai District". Mizoram Tourism. Department of Tourism, Government of Mizoram. Retrieved 7 September 2020.
- "Manipur initiative to conserve state bird Mrs Hume's Pheasant". Northeast Now. Retrieved 7 September 2020.