|Region||Bangladesh, Burma, India|
|Mru script, Latin script|
Mru (Maru), also known as Mrung (Murung), is a Sino-Tibetan language and one of the recognized languages of Bangladesh. It is spoken by a community of Mros (Mrus) inhabiting the Chittagong Hill Tracts of Bangladesh with a population of 22,000 according to the 1991 census, and in Burma. The Mros are the second-largest tribal group in Bandarban District of the Chittagong Hill Tracts. A small group of Mros also live in Rangamati Hill District.
Ethnologue (22nd edition) lists 3 main dialects as Anok, Dowpreng (Dopreng), and Sungma (Tshungma), as well as the 2 minor dialects of Domrong and Rumma.
- Anok: largest and central
- Tshungma: in the north
- Domrong: in the lowlands north of the Matamuri
- Dopreng: in far south and into Arakan
- Rumma: in far south and into Arakan
There are five Mru dialects according to Ebersole (1996).
There are five major Mro clans (Rashel 2009).
- Ganaroo Gnar
Rashel (2009) also lists another classification scheme which lists ten Mro clans.
- Yarua (subdivisions below)
Rashel (2009:159) lists the following Mro numerals.
The script is written from left to right and has its own set of digits. It does not use tone marks.
The Mru language is written in both the Latin and Mru scripts.
The Mru alphabet was added to the Unicode Standard in June, 2014 with the release of version 7.0.
The Unicode block for the Mru script, called Mro, is U+16A40–U+16A6F:
Official Unicode Consortium code chart (PDF)
- Mru word list (Wiktionary)
- Mru at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Mruic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Mru". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Evans, Lisa (2011-04-15). "Endangered languages: the full list". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-11-26.
- Hosken, Martin; Everson, Michael (24 March 2009). "N3589R: Proposal for encoding the Mro script in the SMP of the UCS" (PDF). Retrieved 2 August 2014.
- Zaman, Mustafa (24 February 2006). "Mother Tongue at Stake". Star Weekend Magazine. The Daily Star. 5 (83).
- Ebersole, Harold. 1996. The Mru Language: A preliminary grammatical sketch. Ms.
- Peterson, David A., "Where does Mru fit into Tibeto-Burman?", The 42nd International Conference on Sino-Tibetan Languages and Linguistics (ICSTLL 42), November 2009, Payap University, Chiangmai, Thailand. Cf. p. 14.
- Rashel, Md Mostafa (2009). "Morphosyntactic Analysis of Mro Language." Dhaka University Journal of Linguistics, Vol, 2, No, 3, February 2009, 141–160.
- Clifton, John M. 2009. "Orthography development as an ongoing collaborative process: lessons from Bangladesh". 1st International Conference on Language Documentation and Conservation (ICLDC)
- Mru word list (Luce 1985)
- Mru word list (Matisoff 1987)