Mstislav I of Kiev
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|Mstislav I of Kiev|
Grand Prince Mstislav I Vladimirovich built the Pirogoshcha Church of the Mother of God in Kiev
|Spouse(s)||Christina Ingesdotter of Sweden
Liubava Dmitrievna Zavidich
|Father||Vladimir II Monomakh|
|Mother||Gytha of Wessex|
1 June 1076|
|Died||14 April 1132
Mstislav I Vladimirovich the Great (Russian: Мстислав Владимирович Великий, Ukrainian: Мстислав Володимирович Великий, Belarusian: Мсціслаў Уладзіміравіч Вялікі) (June 1, 1076, Turov – April 14, 1132, Kiev) was the Grand Prince of Kiev (1125–1132), the eldest son of Vladimir II Monomakh by Gytha of Wessex. He figures prominently in the Norse Sagas under the name Harald, taken to allude to his grandfather, Harold II of England. Mstislav's Christian name was Theodore.
As his father's future successor, Mstislav reigned in Novgorod the Great from 1088–93 and (after a brief stint at Rostov) from 1095–1117. Thereafter he was Monomakh's co-ruler in Belgorod Kievsky, and inherited the Kievan throne after his death. He built numerous churches in Novgorod, of which St. Nicholas Cathedral (1113) and the cathedral of St Anthony Cloister (1117) survive to the present day. Later, he would also erect important churches in Kiev, notably his family sepulchre at Berestovo and the church of Our Lady at Podil.
Mstislav's life was spent in constant warfare with Cumans (1093, 1107, 1111, 1129), Estonians (1111, 1113, 1116, 1130), Lithuanians (1131), and the princedom of Polotsk (1127, 1129). In 1096, he defeated his uncle Oleg of Chernigov on the Koloksha River, thereby laying foundation for the centuries of enmity between his and Oleg's descendants. Mstislav was the last ruler of united Rus, and upon his death, as the chronicler put it, "the land of Rus was torn apart".
- Ingeborg of Kiev, married Canute Lavard of Jutland, and was mother to Valdemar I of Denmark
- Malmfred, married (1) Sigurd I of Norway; (2) Eric II of Denmark
- Eupraxia, married Alexius Comnenus, son of John II Comnenus
- Vsevolod of Novgorod and Pskov
- Maria, married Vsevolod II of Kiev
- Iziaslav II of Kiev
- Rostislav of Kiev
- Sviatopolk of Pskov
- Rogneda, married Yaroslav of Volinya
- Xenia, married Briachislav of Izyaslawl
Christine died on January 18, 1122; later that year Mstislav married again, to Ljubava Saviditsch, the daughter of Dmitry Saviditsch, a nobleman of Novgorod. Their children were:
- Vladimir III Mstislavich (1132–1171)
- Euphrosyne of Kiev, (c. 1130 – c. 1193) married King Géza II of Hungary in 1146.
Through Euphrosyne, Mstislav is an ancestor of both Philippa of Hainault and King Edward III of England, hence of all subsequent English and British monarchs. Through his mother Gytha, he is part of a link between Harold II of England and the modern line of English kings founded by William the Conqueror, who deposed him.
|Ancestors of Mstislav I of Kiev|
- Philip Line, Kingship and State Formation in Sweden 1130-1290, (Brill, 2007), 597.
- George Heard Hamilton, The Art and Architecture of Russia, (Yale University Press, 1983), 43.
- The Kiev State and Its Relations with Western Europe, F. Dvornik, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, Vol. 29 (1947), 41.
Mstislav I Vladimirovich the GreatBorn: 1 June 1076 Died: 14 April 1132
|Prince of Novgorod
|Prince of Rostov
Vladimir II Monomakh
|Grand Prince of Kiev
Yaropolk II Vladimirovich