Mtwara Region

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Mtwara Region

Mkoa wa Mtwara  (Swahili)
Mikindani Bay
Location in Tanzania
Location in Tanzania
 • Total16,710 km2 (6,450 sq mi)
 • Total1,270,854
 • Density76/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Area code(s)023
HDI (2018)0.488[1]
low · 22nd of 25
WebsiteRegional website

Mtwara Region is one of Tanzania's 31 administrative regions. The regional capital is the municipality of Mtwara. According to the 2012 national census, the region had a population of 1,270,854, which was lower than the pre-census projection of 1,374,767.[2]:page 2 For 2002-2012, the region's 1.2 percent average annual population growth rate was the 26th highest in the country.[2]:page 4 It was also the fourteenth most densely populated region with 76 people per square kilometer.[2]:page 6

The boundary with Mozambique to the south is formed by the Ruvuma River. To the west, Mtwara is bordered by Ruvuma Region, to the north by Lindi Region, and to the east is the Indian Ocean.

Development of the Mtwara Region has been constrained by the lack of highway and energy infrastructures. The Dar es Salaam-Kibiti-Lindi-Mtwara road has been improved by the completion of the Mkapa Bridge over the Rufiji River. Mnazi Bay gas promises to provide reliable and adequate electricity for powering industrial and commercial activities in the region.[citation needed]

The regional commissioner of the Mtwara Region is Gelasius Byakanwa.[3]


Groundnut scheme[edit]

In 1948, the British Government formulated the "Tanganyika groundnut scheme" through the Overseas Food Corporation (OFC). The purpose was to alleviate the worldwide shortage of vegetable oils; however, inadequate research and adverse environmental conditions due to poor planning resulted in the complete and disastrous failure of the scheme. In this region the exported crop was to go through the port of Mtwara which was created for the scheme and linked to the growing areas near Nachingwea by a new railway.


The region is administratively divided as five districts; with Mtwara Municipal and Masasi Town having separate councils:

Districts of Mtwara Region
Map District Population
Tanzania Mtwara location map2.svg Masasi District 247,993
Masasi Town 102,696
Mtwara District 228,003
Mtwara Municipal 108,299
Nanyumbu District 150,857
Newala District 205,492
Tandahimba District 227,514
Total 1,270,854



  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2020-02-26.
  2. ^ a b c Population Distribution by Administrative Units, United Republic of Tanzania, 2013 Archived 2013-05-02 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Kitabu cha Mawasiliano Serikalini, Tanzania Government Directory, 2012, page 179
  4. ^

Coordinates: 10°40′S 39°00′E / 10.667°S 39.000°E / -10.667; 39.000