Muñoz, Nueva Ecija

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Component City
Science City of Muñoz
City Hall
City Hall
Official seal of Muñoz
Map of Nueva Ecija showing the location of Muñoz
Map of Nueva Ecija showing the location of Muñoz
Muñoz is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 15°43′N 120°54′E / 15.717°N 120.900°E / 15.717; 120.900Coordinates: 15°43′N 120°54′E / 15.717°N 120.900°E / 15.717; 120.900
Country Philippines
Region Central Luzon (Region III)
Province Nueva Ecija
District 2nd District
Founded 1913
Cityhood December 9, 2000
Barangays 37
 • Mayor Nestor Lazaro Alvarez
 • Total 163.05 km2 (62.95 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 75,462
 • Density 460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP Code 3119, 3120
IDD:area code +63 (0)44
Income class 4th class city

Muñoz , officially the Science City of Muñoz, is a city in the province of Nueva Ecija, Central Luzon, Philippines, situated 151 kilometres (94 mi) north of the capital Manila. Due to its rich topography and tropical climate, it is now home to agricultural research and technology centers, committed to the production of information and technological breakthroughs to promote rural development, productivity and food security.

From its lowly origins as “Sitio Papaya”, it was renamed as Muñoz in 1886 in honor of Spanish Governor Don Francisco Muñoz. It was in 1913, under Executive Order No. 72, when Muñoz was declared as a new and independent municipality.


Muñoz is politically subdivided into 37 barangays:

  • Bagong Sikat
  • Balante
  • Bantug
  • Bical
  • Cabisuculan
  • Calabalabaan
  • Calisitan
  • Catalanacan
  • Curva
  • Franza
  • Gabaldon
  • Labney
  • Licaong
  • Linglingay
  • Mangandingay
  • Magtanggol
  • Maligaya
  • Mapangpang
  • Maragol
  • Matingkis
  • Naglabrahan
  • Palusapis
  • Pandalla
  • Poblacion East
  • Poblacion North
  • Poblacion South
  • Poblacion West
  • Rang-ayan
  • Rizal
  • San Andres
  • San Antonio
  • San Felipe
  • Sapang Cauayan
  • Villa Isla
  • Villa Nati
  • Villa Santos
  • Villa Cuizon


From Sitio to Barrio[edit]

In 1886, Papaya was changed into 'Muñoz' to honor Don Francisco Muñoz, the province’s alcalde mayor, and the community’s first appointed gobernadorcillo. Muñoz was annexed as a barrio of San Juan de Guimba municipality. Settlers trickled in from Bulacan and the Ilocos Region. In 1911, Factoria (now San Isidro town), the provincial capital, was totally flooded. Muñoz was then considered a possible new capital of the province.

At about the same time, the people of Barrios Muñoz and San Antonio, also in San Juan de Guimba town, and Palusapis in Sto. Domingo municipality, together with Sitios Kabisukulan, Rang-ayan, Mataas na Lupa, Siniguelas, Purok Agrikultura, and Pulong Maragul in Talavera town, were organizing themselves to be separated from their three respective municipalities to become a new independent municipality. They were prepared to construct a municipal hall and a school building for the emerging town.

From Barrio to town and Science City[edit]

On the recommendation of the Provincial Board of Nueva Ecija, then headed by Governor Isauro Gabaldon, and with approval of then Acting Governor General Newton Gilbert, the organized barrios and sitios were granted independence as a regular municipality on January 10, 1913 under the name of Muñoz. The seat of the fledgling municipal government was positioned in erstwhile Barrio Muñoz. The municipality of Muñoz was born and steadily grew to become an agricultural Science City in the making.

A municipal hall, a church, and a small public market were erected in Lumang Bayan (now Poblacion North). A road linking the young Muñoz town with the national highway from Barangay Bacal, Talavera was constructed. In World War II, Muñoz was the last stronghold of the Japanese Imperial Army; the Allied liberation in Muñoz by the joint United States and Philippine Commonwealth forces offensive razed the town to the ground in a matter of days.

In 2000, after achieving cityhood status, universities and scientific research institutes sprung up. The local government used and, after ratified, adopted the Science city status.


Population census of Muñoz
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1918 11,333 —    
1939 21,814 +3.17%
1948 21,748 −0.03%
1960 27,622 +2.01%
1970 35,723 +2.60%
1975 38,619 +1.58%
1980 43,211 +2.27%
1990 50,356 +1.54%
1995 60,162 +3.39%
2000 65,586 +1.87%
2007 71,669 +1.23%
2010 75,462 +1.89%
2015 81,483 +1.47%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[4][5][6][7]


Philippine Carabao Center facade, National Headquarters and Gene Pool

National Freshwater and Fisheries Training and Research Center (NFFTRC)

Mango grove in Muñoz

There are many new establishments in Munoz in the past few years. Notable are Friendship Supermarket, Inc (FSi), and the Villa-Mendoza Training Institute, both are now major landmarks on the city.

With a bustling market center with rice trading as a major economic activity, it has transformed into its present status as a Science City by virtue of Republic Act 8977 on December 9, 2000. Being a science city, Muñoz was acknowledged as one of the members of League of Cities of the Philippines and became a pilot city of achieving the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goals.

Research and development[edit]

The Philippine Rice Research Institute (PhilRice) (formerly the Maligaya Rice Research and Training Center (MRRTC)) is found in Muñoz, as well as the Central Office of the Philippine Carabao Center (PCC). The main offices of the Bureau of Postharvest Research and Extension (BPRE) and the National Freshwater Fishery Technology Center, Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR-NFFTC) are also based in Muñoz.


As with most towns in Central Luzon, inter-city transport is through the Pan-Philippine Highway (also known as Maharlika Highway/ Asian Highway 26), the country's principal transport backbone. The principal mode of transport is through Jeepneys with fixed routes, or through tricycles, whom you need to tell where to go.

Buses from Cagayan Valley to Manila and vice versa stops here.

Land use[edit]

Land use Hectares
Agricultural 9,819
Residential 2,847
Commercial and industrial 784
Institutional 740
Forest hills and pasture 1,215
Roads 246
Water bodies 516
Open spaces 138
Total 16,305


  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: Nueva Ecija". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  3. ^ "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 2012-10-22. 
  4. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  5. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  6. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region III (Central Luzon)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  7. ^ "Province of Nueva Ecija". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 

External links[edit]