MuSIASEM or Multi-Scale Integrated Analysis of Societal and Ecosystem Metabolism, is a method of accounting used to analyse socio-ecosystems and to simulate possible patterns of development. It is based on maintaining coherence across scales and different dimensions (e.g. economic, demographic, energetic) of quantitative assessments generated using different metrics. It is designed to detect and analyze patterns in the societal use of resources and the impacts they create on the environment. The approach was created around 1997 by Mario Giampietro and Kozo Mayumi, and has been developed since then by the members of the IASTE (Integrated Assessment: Sociology, Technology and the Environment) group at the Institute of Environmental Science and Technology of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and its external collaborators. MuSIASEM strives to characterize metabolic patterns of Socio-Ecological Systems (how and why humans use resources and how this use depends on and affects the stability of the ecosystems embedding the society). This integrated approach allows for a quantitative implementation of the DPSIR framework (Drivers, Pressures, States, Impacts and Responses) and application as a decision support tool. Different alternatives of the option space can be checked in terms of feasibility (compatibility with processes outside human control), viability (compatibility with processes under human control) and desirability (compatibility with normative values and institutions). The ability to integrate quantitative assessments across dimensions and scales makes MuSIASEM particularly suited for different types of sustainability analysis: (i) the nexus between food, energy, water and land uses; (ii) urban metabolism; (iii) waste metabolism; (iv) tourism metabolism; (v) rural development.
MuSIASEM accounting has been used for the integrated assessment of agricultural systems, biofuels , nuclear power , energetics, sustainability of water use, mining, urban waste management systems, and urban metabolism in developing countries. Moreover, the methodology has been applied to assess societal metabolism at the municipal, regional (rural Laos; Catalonia; China; Galapagos Islands; national, , and supernational scale. An application of MuSIASEM to the nexus between natural resources is in the book ‘Resource Accounting for Sustainability: The Nexus between Energy, Food, Water and Land Use’ This work has been tested in collaboration with FAO. The Ecuadorian National Secretariat for Development and Planning (SENPLADES) has included the MuSIASEM approach in the training of its personnel. Finally, several master courses about the application to the approach to energy system in various Southern African Universities have been elaborated under the Participia project. MuSIASEM has been applied to the analysis of Shanghai's urban metabolism.
- Anthropogenic metabolism
- Industrial metabolism
- Material flow analysis
- Social metabolism
- Urban metabolism
- Institute of Environmental Science and Technology (ICTA) : at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona.
- MAGIC Nexus: an EU H2020 project applying the MuSIASEM approach.
- The Nexus between Energy, Food, Land Use, and Water: Application of a Multi-Scale Integrated Approach.
- About MuSIASEM rationale and methodology .
- The Sustainability Sudoku : Simplified application of the MuSIASEM approach to the energy-food-land nexus for didactic purposes.
- The Participia Home Page: Participatory Integrated Assessment of Energy Systems to Promote Energy Access and Efficiency.
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- Silva-Macher, J. C. (2015), A Metabolic Profile of Peru: An Application of Multi-Scale Integrated Analysis of Societal and Ecosystem Metabolism (MuSIASEM) to the Mining Sector's Exosomatic Energy Flows. Journal of Industrial Ecology. doi: 10.1111/jiec.12337.
- D’Alisa G., Di Nola M.F., Giampietro M. 2012. A multi-scale analysis of urban waste metabolism: density of waste disposed in Campania. Journal of Cleaner Production 35: 59-70.
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- Xiao, Lishan; Lin, Tao; Chen, Shaohua; Zhang, Guoqin; Ye, Zhilong; Yu, Zhaowu (2015-12-21). "Characterizing Urban Household Waste Generation and Metabolism Considering Community Stratification in a Rapid Urbanizing Area of China". PLoS ONE. 10 (12): e0145405. Bibcode:2015PLoSO..1045405X. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0145405. PMC 4687053. PMID 26690056.
- Miranda, Raul F. C.; Grottera, Carolina; Giampietro, Mario. "Understanding slums: analysis of the metabolic pattern of the Vidigal favela in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil". Environment, Development and Sustainability. doi:10.1007/s10668-016-9810-y.
- Kovacic, Zora; Smit, Suzanne; Kaviti Musango, Josephine; Colin Brent, Alan; Giampietro, Mario. "Probing uncertainty levels of electrification in informal urban settlements: A case from South Africa". Habitat International. doi:10.1016/j.habitatint.2016.06.002.
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