Mu Columbae

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μ Columbae
Columba constellation map.svg
Red circle.svg

Location of μ Columbae (circled)
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Columba
Right ascension 05h 45m 59.89496s[1]
Declination −32° 18′ 23.1630″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 5.18[2]
Characteristics
Spectral type O9.5 V[3]
U−B color index −1.06[2]
B−V color index −0.28[2]
Variable type Suspected[4]
Astrometry
Radial velocity (Rv) +109.00 ± 1.8[5] km/s
Proper motion (μ) RA: 2.98[1] mas/yr
Dec.: −22.24[1] mas/yr
Parallax (π) 2.52 ± 0.55[1] mas
Distance approx. 1,300 ly
(approx. 400 pc)
Absolute magnitude (MV) −3.64[6]
Details[6]
Mass 16 M
Radius 6.58 R
Luminosity 45,700 L
Surface gravity (log g) 4.0 cgs
Temperature 33,000 K
Rotational velocity (v sin i) 111 km/s
Age 2 - 4 Myr
Other designations
HR 1996, CD−32°2538, HD 38666, SAO 196149, HIP 27204
Database references
SIMBAD data

Mu Columbae (μ Col, μ Columbae) is a star in the constellation of Columba. It is one of the few O-class stars that are visible to the unaided eye.[clarification needed] The star is known to lie approximately 1,300 light years from the Solar System (with an error margin of a few hundred light years).

This is a relatively fast rotating star that completes a full revolution approximately every 1.5 days. (Compare this to the Sun, which at only 22 percent of this star's diameter rotates only once every 25.4 days.) This rate of rotation is fairly typical for stars of this class.

Based on measurements of proper motion and radial velocity, astronomers know that this star and AE Aurigae are moving away from each other at a relative velocity of over 200 km/s. Their common point of origin intersects with Iota Orionis in the Trapezium cluster, some two and half million years in the past. The most likely scenario that could have created these runaway stars is a collision between two binary star systems, with the stars being ejected along different trajectories radial to the point of intersection.[7]

Etymology[edit]

In Chinese astronomy, Mu Columbae is called 屎, Pinyin: Shǐ, meaning "Excrement" or "The Secretions", because this star is marking itself and stand alone in the asterism of the same namd, Three Stars mansion.[8][9]

This star, along with ζ CMa, λ CMa, γ Col, δ Col, θ Col, κ Col, λ Col and ξ Col, were Al Ḳurūd (ألقرد - al-qird), the Apes.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Van Leeuwen, F. (2007). "Validation of the new Hipparcos reduction". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 474 (2): 653. Bibcode:2007A&A...474..653V. arXiv:0708.1752Freely accessible. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20078357. 
  2. ^ a b c Ducati, J. R. (2002). "VizieR Online Data Catalog: Catalogue of Stellar Photometry in Johnson's 11-color system". CDS/ADC Collection of Electronic Catalogues. 2237. Bibcode:2002yCat.2237....0D. 
  3. ^ Sota, A.; Maíz Apellániz, J.; Morrell, N. I.; Barbá, R. H.; Walborn, N. R.; Gamen, R. C.; Arias, J. I.; Alfaro, E. J. (2014). "The Galactic O-Star Spectroscopic Survey (GOSSS). II. Bright Southern Stars". The Astrophysical Journal Supplement. 211: 10. Bibcode:2014ApJS..211...10S. arXiv:1312.6222Freely accessible. doi:10.1088/0067-0049/211/1/10. 
  4. ^ Samus, N. N.; Durlevich, O. V.; et al. (2009). "VizieR Online Data Catalog: General Catalogue of Variable Stars (Samus+ 2007-2013)". VizieR On-line Data Catalog: B/gcvs. Originally published in: 2009yCat....102025S. 1. Bibcode:2009yCat....102025S. 
  5. ^ Gontcharov, G. A. (2006). "Pulkovo Compilation of Radial Velocities for 35 495 Hipparcos stars in a common system". Astronomy Letters. 32 (11): 759. Bibcode:2006AstL...32..759G. arXiv:1606.08053Freely accessible. doi:10.1134/S1063773706110065. 
  6. ^ a b Martins, F.; Schaerer, D.; Hillier, D. J.; Meynadier, F.; Heydari-Malayeri, M.; Walborn, N. R. (2005). "On stars with weak winds: The Galactic case". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 441 (2): 735. Bibcode:2005A&A...441..735M. arXiv:astro-ph/0507278Freely accessible. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20052927. 
  7. ^ Gualandris, Alessia; Portegies Zwart, Simon; Eggleton, Peter P. (2004). "N-body simulations of stars escaping from the Orion nebula". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 350 (2): 615. Bibcode:2004MNRAS.350..615G. arXiv:astro-ph/0401451Freely accessible. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2004.07673.x. 
  8. ^ (in Chinese) AEEA (Activities of Exhibition and Education in Astronomy) 天文教育資訊網 2006 年 7 月 15 日
  9. ^ Richard Hinckley Allen: Star Names — Their Lore and Meaning: Columbae
  10. ^ Davis Jr., G. A. (October 1944). "The Pronunciations, Derivations, and Meanings of a Selected List of Star Names". Popular Astronomy. 18: 14. Bibcode:1944PA.....52....8D. 

Further reading[edit]