Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm

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Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm
English: My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy

National anthem of Estonia
LyricsJohann Voldemar Jannsen, 1869 (1869)
MusicFredrik (Friedrich) Pacius, 1848 (1848)
Adopted1920 (1920)
ReadoptedMay 1990 (1990-05)
RelinquishedJune 1940 (1940-06)
Preceded byAnthem of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic
Audio sample
U.S. Navy Band instrumental version in D-flat major (one verse)

"Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm" (IPA: [mu ˈisɑmɑː mu ˈɤnʲː ˈrɤːm]; lit. "My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy") is the national anthem of Estonia. It was adopted as the national anthem ((riigi)hümn) in 1920.

The lyrics were written by Johann Voldemar Jannsen and are set to a melody composed in 1848 by Fredrik (Friedrich) Pacius which is also that of the national anthem of Finland: "Maamme" (Swedish: Vårt land, which was the unofficial anthem of the Grand Duchy of Finland).[1] The only differences between the two anthems are their key signature and the repetition of the last four lines of each verse in the Finnish anthem. It is also considered to be an ethnic anthem for Livonian people with text "Min izāmō".


The song was first presented to the public as a choral work in the Grand Song Festival of Estonia in 1869 and quickly became a symbol of the Estonian National Awakening.[1]

"Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm" was officially adopted as the national anthem of Estonia in 1920, after the Estonian War of Independence.[2]

In 1944, the Soviet Union occupied Estonia, and "Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm" ended up being banned by the Soviet government.[1] The Soviet Estonia had its own regional anthem. Yet the people of Estonia could often hear their former national anthem, as Finland's state broadcaster Yleisradio, whose radio and television broadcasts were received in northern Estonia, played an instrumental version of the Finnish national anthem, identical to this song (except for an additional repetition of the last verse in the Finnish version), at the conclusion of its broadcast every night.[1][3]


Estonian original[4][5] IPA transcription[a] Literal English translation[6] Metrical English translation[7]

Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm,
kui kaunis oled sa!
Ei leia mina iial teal
see suure, laia ilma peal,
mis mul nii armas oleks ka,
kui sa, mu isamaa!

Sa oled mind ju sünnitand
ja üles kasvatand;
sind tänan mina alati
ja jään sull' truuiks surmani,
mul kõige armsam oled sa,
mu kallis isamaa!

Su üle Jumal valvaku
mu armas isamaa!
Ta olgu sinu kaitseja
ja võtku rohkest õnnista,
mis iial ette võtad sa,
mu kallis isamaa!

[mu ˈi.sɑ̝.mɑ̝ː mu ɤnʲ jɑ̽ rɤːm ǀ]
[kui̯ ˈkɑ̝u̯.nis ˈo.let̬ sɑ̝ ǁ]
[ei̯ ˈlei̯.ɑ̽ ˈmi.nɑ̝ ˈiː.ɑ̽l teɑ̝̯l]
[se̞ː ˈsuː.re̞ ˈlɑ̽i̯.ɑ̽ ˈil.mɑ̝ peɑ̝̯l ǀ]
[mis mul niː ˈɑ̝r.mɑ̝s ˈo.leks kɑ̝ ǀ]
[kui̯ sɑ̝ː mu ˈi.sɑ̝.mɑ̝ː ǁ]

[sɑ̝ ˈo.let̬ mint̬ ju̟ ˈsÿɑ̝nt̬]
[jɑ̽ ˈÿ.les ˈkɑ̝s.ʋɑ̝.tɑ̝nt̬ ǁ]
[sint̬ ˈtæ̈.nɑ̝n ˈmi.nɑ̝ ˈɑ̝.lɑ̝.ti]
[jɑ̽ jæ̈ːn sulʲ ˈtru̟ː.iks ˈsur.mɑ̝.ni ǀ]
[mul ˈkɤi̯.k̬e̞ ˈɑ̝rm.sɑ̝m ˈo.let̬ sɑ̝ ǀ]
[mu ˈkɑ̝l.lis ˈi.sɑ̝.mɑ̝ː ǁ]

[su ˈÿ.le̞ ˈju̟.mɑ̝l ˈʋɑ̝l.ʋɑ̝.ku]
[mu ˈɑ̝r.mɑ̝s ˈi.sɑ̝.mɑ̝ː ǁ]
[tɑ̝ ˈol.k̬u ˈ ˈkɑ̽i̯ɑ̽]
[jɑ̽ ˈʋɤt.ku ˈrox.kest ˈɤn.nis.tɑ̝ ǀ]
[mis ˈiː.ɑ̽l ˈet.te̞ ˈʋɤ.tɑ̝t̬ sɑ̝ ǀ]
[mu ˈkɑ̝l.lis ˈi.sɑ̝.mɑ̝ː ǁ]

My fatherland, my joy and happiness,
How beautiful you are!
I shall not find such ever
In this huge wide world
Which would be so dear to me
As you, my fatherland!

You have given me birth
And raised me up;
I shall thank you always
And remain faithful to you ’til death,
To me most beloved are you,
My precious fatherland!

May God watch over you,
My precious fatherland!
Let Him be your defender
And provide bountiful blessings
For whatever you undertake,
My precious fatherland!

My native land, my joy – delight,
How fair thou art – how bright!
For nowhere in the world around
Can ever such a place be found
So well belov'd, from sense profound,
My native country dear!

My tiny crib stood on thy soil,
Whose blessings eased my toil.
May my last breath be thanks to thee,
For true to death I'll ever be,
O worthy, most belov'd and fine,
Thou, dearest country mine!

May God in Heaven thee defend,
My own beloved land!
May He be guard, may He be shield,
For ever bless and guardian wield
Protection for all deeds of thine,
My own, my dearest land!

See also[edit]


  1. ^ See Help:IPA/Estonian, Estonian phonology and their sources.


  1. ^ a b c d Miljan, Toivo (2015-05-21). Historical Dictionary of Estonia. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 314. ISBN 978-0-8108-7513-5.
  2. ^ Central Intelligence Agency (2015-01-01). The World Factbook. Masterlab. p. 118. ISBN 978-83-7991-213-1.
  3. ^ Cloet, Pierre-Robert; Legué, Bénédicte; Martel, Kerstin (December 2013). "United in diversity: Anthems and Flags of the European Union" (PDF). Jacques Delors Institute. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
  4. ^ "Riiklikud sümbolid". 13 April 2009. Archived from the original on 13 April 2009.
  5. ^ "The President of the Republic of Estonia: National Symbols". 14 January 2006. Archived from the original on 14 January 2006.
  6. ^ "Estonia –". Retrieved 2022-12-22.
  7. ^ Wahl, Jenny. "National anthem of the Republic of Estonia". Republic of Estonia. Retrieved 2017-09-04.

External links[edit]