|English: My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy|
National anthem of Estonia
|Lyrics||Johann Voldemar Jannsen, 1869|
|Music||Fredrik (Friedrich) Pacius, 1848|
|Preceded by||Anthem of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic|
"Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm" (IPA: [mu ˈisɑmɑː mu ˈɤnʲː jɑ ˈrɤːm]; lit. "My Fatherland, My Happiness and Joy") is the national anthem of Estonia. It was adopted as the national anthem ((riigi)hümn) in 1920.
The lyrics were written by Johann Voldemar Jannsen and are set to a melody composed in 1848 by Fredrik (Friedrich) Pacius which is also that of the national anthem of Finland: "Maamme" (Swedish: Vårt land, which was the unofficial anthem of the Grand Duchy of Finland). The only differences between the two anthems are their key signature and the repetition of the last four lines of each verse in the Finnish anthem. It is also considered to be an ethnic anthem for Livonian people with text "Min izāmō".
In 1944, the Soviet Union occupied Estonia, and "Mu isamaa, mu õnn ja rõõm" ended up being banned by the Soviet government. The Soviet Estonia had its own regional anthem. Yet the people of Estonia could often hear their former national anthem, as Finland's state broadcaster Yleisradio, whose radio and television broadcasts were received in northern Estonia, played an instrumental version of the Finnish national anthem, identical to this song (except for an additional repetition of the last verse in the Finnish version), at the conclusion of its broadcast every night.
|Estonian original||IPA transcription[a]||Literal English translation||Metrical English translation|
- Miljan, Toivo (2015-05-21). Historical Dictionary of Estonia. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 314. ISBN 978-0-8108-7513-5.
- Central Intelligence Agency (2015-01-01). The World Factbook. Masterlab. p. 118. ISBN 978-83-7991-213-1.
- Cloet, Pierre-Robert; Legué, Bénédicte; Martel, Kerstin (December 2013). "United in diversity: Anthems and Flags of the European Union" (PDF). Jacques Delors Institute. Retrieved 2022-01-17.
- "Riiklikud sümbolid". 13 April 2009. Archived from the original on 13 April 2009.
- "The President of the Republic of Estonia: National Symbols". 14 January 2006. Archived from the original on 14 January 2006.
- "Estonia – nationalanthems.info". Retrieved 2022-12-22.
- Wahl, Jenny. "National anthem of the Republic of Estonia". Republic of Estonia. Retrieved 2017-09-04.
- The Estonian national anthem - web page of the State Chancellery, an audio stream. The anthem is played by The Defence Forces Orchestra, vocals by the National Male Choir.
- Streaming audio, lyrics and details of the Estonian anthem.