Mu of Balhae

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Mu of Balhae
Revised RomanizationMu wang
McCune–ReischauerMu wang
Birth name
Revised RomanizationDae Muye
McCune–ReischauerTae Muye
Monarchs of Korea
  1. Go 698–719
  2. Mu 719–737
  3. Mun 737–793
  4. Dae Won-ui 793
  5. Seong 793–794
  6. Gang 794–809
  7. Jeong 809–812
  8. Hui 812–817
  9. Gan 817–818
  10. Seon 818–830
  11. Dae Ijin 830–857
  12. Dae Geonhwang 857–871
  13. Dae Hyeonseok 871–894
  14. Dae Wihae 894–906
  15. Dae Inseon 906–926

Dae Mu-ye, also known as King Mu (Hangul무왕; Hanja武王) (r. 719–737), was the second king of the Balhae. He is noted for the military expansion of his domain.


Dae Mu-ye was the eldest son of Dae Jo-yeong, the founder of the ancient kingdom of Balhae, He ascended to the throne after the death in 719 of his father. He was given the title of "King of the Gyeru Province" by Tang Emperor Xuanzong. He gave the posthumous title King Go to his father, Dae Jo-yeong. Since then, He declared the era name In-an, an act of independence from China's Tang dynasty. On the other hand, he frequently sent embassies to the Tang, including his sons and brothers.


Balhae's aggressive expansion triggered frictions with Tang China, Silla of southern Korea, the Khitans, the Xi, the Göktürks, and several Mohe tribes. When the Heishui Mohe in the north of Balhae came under the direct control of the Tang in 727, he attacked the Heisui Mohe fearing a pincer attack.

Dae Mun-ye (大門藝), His pro-Tang brother, opposed the military campaign and defected to the Tang. In 732, King Mu ordered a punitive expedition against Tang in present-day Shandong, sending the Balhae navy at the command of Jang Mun-hyu. In the same year, he led troops to Madushan (馬都山) in the vicinity of Shanhaiguan and occupied nearby towns.[1] In 733, Chinese Emperor Xuanzong ordered Dae Mun-ye to attack Balhae, along with forces from Silla, but the attack was unsuccessful and they were repelled.

In 727, Balhae began to dispatch embassies to Japan to avoid international isolation. The king sent an official document to Japan indicating that Balhae recovered the terrain of Goguryeo and succeeded to the culture of Buyeo. Japan, whose relationship with Silla was strained, welcomed them as a revival of Goguryeo.

In 732, He made an assault on Tang empire's Dengzhou. During the assault, the local governor of Dengzhou Wei Jun was killed. The assault was mostly an act of piracy and did not elevate to an international conflict until Wei's death. Later, Tang, allied with Silla, invaded Balhae but the advance of the allied troops was deterred by heavy snow.[2]

Dae Muye was succeeded by his son Dae Heummu in 737.


  • Father
  • Mother
    • Unknown
  • Brothers
    • Dae Munye (대문예, 大門藝)
    • Dae Changbalga (대창발가, 大昌勃價)
    • Dae Hoa (대호아, 大胡雅)
    • Dae Nang-a (대낭아, 大郎雅)
    • Dae Rim (대림, 大琳)
    • Dae Bo-bang (대보방, 大寶方)
  • Sons
    • Dae Dorihaeng (대도리행, 大都利行)
    • Dae Ui-sin (대의신)
    • Dae Heummu (대흠무, 大欽茂)
    • Dae Won-ui (대원의, 大元義)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ New History of Tang Dynasty Wuchengci zhuan, p.4597; Comprehensive Mirror to Add in Government, Vol.210, Xuanzhong Kaiyuan 21st Year, January, “Kaoyi”,p.6800
  2. ^ Chen, Tiemin, ed. (2017). 王维集校注. Beijing: Zhonghua Book Company. p. 98. ISBN 9787101012002.

External links[edit]

Mu of Balhae
 Died: 737
Regnal titles
Preceded by
King of Balhae
Succeeded by