Muaskar Anole

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Mu'askar Anole
Participant in Somali Civil War
Active 2007-2009
Groups Harti (Darod)

Mukhtar Abu Ali Aisha[1]

Mohamed Mire[2]
Headquarters Laagta Anoole
Area of operations Southern Somalia
Originated as Islamic Courts Union
Became Hizbul Islam
Allies Al-Shabaab
Ras Kamboni Brigade
Jabhatul Islamiya
Opponents Somalia Transitional Federal Government

Muaskar Anole (Anole School) also known as Anoole, Caanole, Mu'askar Anole, Mucaskarka Caanoole, Caanoole Mu'askar, Mucaskarka al-Furqan, al-Furqan Camp or al-Furqan Forces[3] was an Islamist militia in Somalia. The group participated in the 2006-2009 insurgency against Ethiopia and in January 2009 merged with the Asmara based wing of the Alliance for the Re-liberation of Somalia, led by Sheikh Hassan Dahir Aweys, the Ras Kamboni Brigade, led by Sheikh Hassan Abdullah Hersi al-Turki and Jabhatul Islamiya to form Hizbul Islam which became the second most powerful insurgent group (after al-Shabaab) in Somalia which continued fighting the TFG and AMISOM peacekeepers, after Ethiopian withdrawal. Little is known about the group.[4]

On 21 April 2009, Anole and the Ras Kamboni brigades fought each other in a village called Abdalla Birole, which lies 40 km west of Kismayo. This happened after Anole fighters invaded a village called Bulo Haji, while Ras Kamboni Brigade fighters arrived in Abdalla Birole and they clashed. The situation in the two villages was said to be tense, 4 people were killed and 7 injured during the fighting.[5]