Mubah

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Mubah (Arabic: مباح) is an Arabic word meaning "permitted",[1] which has technical uses in Islamic law.

In uṣūl al-fiqh (principles of Islamic jurisprudence), mubah is one of the five degrees of approval (ahkam), and is commonly translated as "neutral",[2][3] "indifferent"[4] or "(merely) permitted".[4][5] It refers to an action that is not mandatory, recommended, reprehensible or forbidden, and thus involves no judgement from God.[2] Assigning acts to this legal category reflects a deliberate choice rather than an oversight on the part of jurists.[3]

In Islamic property law, the term mubah refers to things which have no owner. It is similar to the concept res nullius used in Roman law and common law.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hans Wehr, J. Milton Cowan (1976). A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic (3rd ed.). Spoken Language Services. p. 81.
  2. ^ a b Vikør, Knut S. (2014). "Sharīʿah". In Emad El-Din Shahin. The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics. Oxford University Press.
  3. ^ a b Wael B. Hallaq (2009). Sharī'a: Theory, Practice, Transformations. Cambridge University Press (Kindle edition). p. Loc. 2160.
  4. ^ a b Baber Johansen (2009). "Islamic Law. Legal and Ethical Qualifications". In Stanley N. Katz. The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Subscription required (help)).
  5. ^ Juan Eduardo Campo, ed. (2009). "Halal". Encyclopedia of Islam. Infobase Publishing. p. 284.
  6. ^ Ersilia Francesca (2009). "Possession. Yad in Islamic Law". In Stanley N. Katz. The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Subscription required (help)).