Mubah (Arabic: مباح) is an Arabic word meaning "permitted", which has technical uses in Islamic law.
In uṣūl al-fiqh (principles of Islamic jurisprudence), mubah is one of the five degrees of approval (ahkam), and is commonly translated as "neutral", "indifferent" or "(merely) permitted". It refers to an action that is not mandatory, recommended, reprehensible or forbidden, and thus involves no judgement from God. Assigning acts to this legal category reflects a deliberate choice rather than an oversight on the part of jurists.
In Islamic property law, the term mubah refers to things which have no owner. It is similar to the concept res nullius used in Roman law and common law.
^Juan Eduardo Campo, ed. (2009). "Halal". Encyclopedia of Islam. Infobase Publishing. p. 284.
^Ersilia Francesca (2009). "Possession. Yad in Islamic Law". In Stanley N. Katz. The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Legal History. Oxford: Oxford University Press. (Subscription required (help)).