Much Hadham

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Much Hadham
Much Hadham is located in Hertfordshire
Much Hadham
Much Hadham
 Much Hadham shown within Hertfordshire
Population 2,862 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid reference TL426208
Civil parish Much Hadham
District East Hertfordshire
Shire county Hertfordshire
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Much Hadham
Postcode district SG10
Dialling code 01279
Police Hertfordshire
Fire Hertfordshire
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
UK Parliament Hertford and Stortford
List of places
UK
England
Hertfordshire

Coordinates: 51°51′14″N 0°04′19″E / 51.854°N 0.072°E / 51.854; 0.072

Much Hadham, formerly known as Great Hadham, is a village and civil parish in the district of East Hertfordshire, Hertfordshire, England. The parish of Much Hadham contains the hamlets of Perry Green and Green Tye, as well as the village of Much Hadham itself. It covers 4490 acres (18 square kilometres).[2] The village of Much Hadham is situated midway between Ware and Bishop's Stortford. The population of the parish was recorded as 2,862 in the 2011 census, an increase from 1,994 in 2001.[1][3]

History[edit]

The name "Hadham" probably derives from Old English words meaning "Heath homestead". The affix "Much" comes from the Old English "mycel", meaning "great".[4] The name changed around the time of the Civil War.

The parish has been occupied since the Roman period. There were pottery kilns in the parish in the Roman period,[5] and a Roman coin hoard has been found nearby.[6]

Written records of Much Hadham go back to the time of King Edgar. The village was a possession of the Bishops of London before the Norman Conquest, and it appears in the Domesday Book as "Hadham".[7] The parish church was built from 1225–1450. The village was a staging point on the road from London to Cambridge and Newmarket, and the Olde Red Lion Inn, built in 15th century to serve this traffic, still survives in the village.

The Bishop's Palace was used as an asylum from 1817–1863.[8]

During the First World War, there was a British Red Cross/Order of St. John auxiliary hospital in Much Hadham.[9] Today, a plaque on the front of Woodham House commemorates this.

During the second world war, Much Hadham was the site of Prisoner of War camp 69.[10] The camp was opened in 1939, housing Italian prisoners of war, and later German prisoners, as well as housing American and Gurkha soldiers as they prepared for the D-Day landings.[11] The camp closed around 1950.[12]

Geography[edit]

The village is linear stretched along its mile and a half long high street (High Street, Tower Hill and Widford Road) which runs along the river Ash. It is situated between Bishop's Stortford and Ware, about 12 km from Hertford and about 40 km north of London. The village had a railway station on the Buntingford single track branch line, which closed in 1965 under the Beeching Axe.

Landmarks[edit]

There are two churches in Much Hadham, the parish church and a Congregational church. Much Hadham's parish church, built largely between 1225 and 1450, is shared between the St. Andrew's Church of England congregation and the Holy Cross Roman Catholic congregation. The entrance to the church is adorned with two sculptures by Henry Moore.[13] The more recent Congregational church dates from 1872.[14]

There are many listed buildings in Much Hadham, including four listed at Grade I. These are the parish church; two country houses, Much Hadham Hall and Moor Place; and the boundary wall at Yewtree Farmhouse at Hadham Cross. The Parish's many Grade II listed buildings include Much Hadham Palace, the site of a residence of the Bishops of London since before the Norman Conquest, and Hoglands in Perry Green, the home of the sculptor Henry Moore until his death.

The Henry Moore Foundation can be found in Perry Green, and includes Moore's home. In December 2005, thieves stole a 1970 bronze of a reclining figure from the site,[15] which was melted and sold for scrap metal.[16]

Former Red Lion public house, Much Hadham

The Red Lion coaching inn, now converted into private houses, has been in the village since the 15th century. It was a stopping point on the old road from London to Cambridge. Legend has it that the inn is connected to St. Andrew's by a tunnel, possibly built during the time of Oliver Cromwell as an escape route for the clergy.

Government[edit]

Much Hadham is a civil parish in the East Hertfordshire district. It is one of thirty wards to make up East Hertfordshire District Council. It is part of the Hertford and Stortford Parliamentary Constituency. The MP is Mark Prisk former Housing Minister and one time Shadow Minister for Cornwall. There is one Conservative County and one Conservative District Councillor and a 9 member Parish Council.

Education[edit]

St Andrew's Church of England Primary School in Much Hadham is a Church of England school with links to the parish church of St Andrew's. It has about 250 pupils between the ages of 4 and 11. The school also has a nursery in the mornings for younger children. A village school has existed in the village since the 1840s. The first now known as the Flint House. A second independent pre prep school in Much Hadham, the Barn School, closed in 1998.[17][18] There is also a pre-school attached to St Andrews School with about 40 children aged between 2 and 4.[19]

Outside the village of Much Hadham in the hamlet of Perry Green there is St. Elizabeth's School and residence for children and young adults with epilepsy, established in 1903, the second largest employer in the District.

Much Hadham has a small museum, The Forge Museum, which contains preserved Elizabethan wall-paintings as well as information about local history. The Henry Moore Foundation in Perry Green houses a large collection of the artist's work.

Sport[edit]

The village has a Sports Association which runs the publicly owned grounds. There are two football clubs, Much Hadham FC and Hadham Villa FC. There are new infant facilities and a newly refurbished cricket pavilion completed in 2015.

Much Hadham Cricket Club (founded in 1889) withdrew from the Herts & Essex League in 2007. There are both private Tennis and Bowls Clubs on the Recreational Ground.

Notable residents[edit]

Much Hadham has long been a residence of the Bishop of London, Adjacent to the church is Much Hadham Palace, a country home of the Bishops of London for 800 years. It may be that the Tudor dynasty began here, for Henry V's widow, Catherine of Valois, may have given birth here[20] to Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond, the father of King Henry VII.[21] It was sold by the church for the last time in 1888.

The sculptor Henry Moore lived in Perry Green until his death.

See also[edit]

The Hundred Parishes

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Much Hadham UK Census Data 2011". 
  2. ^ The Comprehensive Gazetteer of England and Wales, 1894-5. 
  3. ^ "Much Hadham CP". Census 2001: Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 9 June 2010. 
  4. ^ Mills, A.D. (1998). Dictionary of English Place Names (2 ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 159. 
  5. ^ http://potsherd.net/atlas/Ware/HARS.html
  6. ^ Cleary, Simon Esmonde (1995). "Review of Coin Hoards from Roman Britain IX edited by Roger Bland". Britannia 26: 396. 
  7. ^ http://opendomesday.org/place/TL4219/much-hadham/
  8. ^ http://www.heritagegateway.org.uk/Gateway/Results_Single.aspx?uid=MHT2771&resourceID=1008
  9. ^ http://www.redcross.org.uk/~/media/BritishRedCross/Documents/Who%20we%20are/History%20and%20archives/List%20of%20auxiliary%20hospitals%20in%20the%20UK%20during%20the%20First%20World%20War.pdf
  10. ^ Thomas, Roger J.C. (2003). "Prisoner of War Camps (1939–1948)". 
  11. ^ Levy, Andrew. "Plumber unearths WWII prisoner of war camp for 10,000 German Soldiers in his back garden". Daily Mail. 
  12. ^ Burton, James (19 August 2010). "Much Hadham man finds Second World War camp in his back garden". Hertfordshire Mercury. 
  13. ^ "Henry Moore 1898–1986". The Burlington Magazine 128 (1003): 711. 1986. 
  14. ^ Page, William (1902). The Victoria History of the County of Hertford IV. Westminster: Archibald Constable & co. p. 60. 
  15. ^ "£3m Henry Moore sculpture stolen". BBC News. 
  16. ^ Hannah Furness. "Henry Moore sculpture worth £500,000 stolen from grounds of his former home". Daily Telegraph. 
  17. ^ http://www.hertsandessexobserver.co.uk/Retired-Hadham-headteacher-Peggy-Massey-died-aged-96/story-21909135-detail/story.html
  18. ^ http://www.education.gov.uk/edubase/establishment/establishmentdetails.xhtml?urn=117632
  19. ^ http://www.hertsandessexobserver.co.uk/Hadham-Pre-School-graded-good-Oftsed/story-26760096-detail/story.html
  20. ^ though it may instead have been at Hadham in Bedfordshire.
  21. ^ "Sir Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond". Retrieved 10 August 2013. 

External links[edit]