|Old Norse name||Rauðøy Mikla|
|Meaning of name||big red island|
|OS grid reference|
|Area||1,773 hectares (6.8 sq mi)|
|Area rank||37 |
|Highest elevation||Mid Ward 172 metres (564 ft)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Council area||Shetland Islands|
|Population rank||43 |
Muckle Roe Lighthouse
|Location||Shetland, Shetland, United Kingdom|
|Year first constructed||1897 (first)|
|Year first lit||2001 (current)|
|Construction||metal skeletal tower (current)|
cast iron tower (first)
|Tower shape||quadrangular tower covered by aluminium panels with light on the top (current)|
octagonal tower with balcony and lantern
|Markings / pattern||white tower|
|Tower height||7 metres (23 ft) (current)|
8 metres (26 ft) (first)
|Focal height||30 metres (98 ft) (current)|
|Original lens||3rd order Fresnel lens (first)|
|Light source||solar power (current)|
|Characteristic||Fl WR 3s.|
|Managing agent||Northern Lighthouse Board|
'Muckle' is Scots for 'big' or 'great'.
In 1905 a bridge was built between Muckle Roe and the Shetland Mainland over Roe Sound at a cost of £1,020 met from public subscription and a grant from the Congested Districts Board. The construction was of iron and concrete and its completion was followed by a reversal in the population decline seen in the 19th and earlier 20th centuries. The bridge was later widened and strengthened, and opened on 22 October 1947 by the Convener of Zetland, W. Thomson Esq. Construction of a replacement bridge commenced in May 1998, the work being completed in January 1999. It was opened officially by Councillor Drew Ratter on 3 April 1999.
Geography and geology
Muckle Roe is approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) in diameter, with high cliffs in the south. Its highest point is Mid Ward 172 metres (564 ft).
Gilbert Williamson Wood (2 September 1828 – 24 September 1886), a merchant seaman, was born at Little Ayre and emigrated to Adelaide, Australia in 1853. He founded G. Wood, Son & Co. along with his eldest son Peter in 1876. The company produced goods under a number of brand names, including Anchor, Snowflake, Viking, and Medallion. He donated sums of money back to Muckle Roe, including funds towards the building of the first bridge to mainland Shetland, and the Muckle Roe Church of Scotland, which was completed in 1911. The remaining funds were used to purchase books and school bags for every child attending the local school. Some profits from the sale of Anchor butter went towards paraffin lamps for the chapel.
- Waugh (2007) p. 541
- Ordnance Survey. OS Maps Online (Map). 1:25,000. Leisure.
- Area and population ranks: there are c. 300 islands over 20 ha in extent and 93 permanently inhabited islands were listed in the 2011 census.
- National Records of Scotland (15 August 2013). "Appendix 2: Population and households on Scotland's Inhabited Islands" (PDF). Statistical Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland Release 1C (Part Two) (PDF) (Report). SG/2013/126. Retrieved 14 August 2020.
- Haswell-Smith (2004) p. 406
- Fraser, Allen (2002) The Edinburgh Geologist: Old Norse and Norn names in Shetland. Issue 39 Archived 16 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 14 April 2007.
- Keay & Keay, (1994) p. 711
- Muckle Roe marinetraffic.com. Retrieved 31 May 2016
- Muckle Roe (Swarbacks Minn) The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 31 May 2016
- Haswell-Smith (2004) p. 440
- Anderson, Joseph (Ed.) (1893) Orkneyinga Saga. Translated by Jón A. Hjaltalin & Gilbert Goudie. Edinburgh. James Thin and Mercat Press (1990 reprint). ISBN 0-901824-25-9
- Nicolson (1972) p. 108
- "Read the Plaque - Muckle Roe: Bridge Plaques". Read the Plaque. Retrieved 8 January 2020.
- "Overview of Muckle Roe". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 6 January 2008.
- "Gilbert Williamson WOOD, Shetland Family History". Bayanne. Retrieved 8 January 2020.
- Haswell-Smith, Hamish (2004). The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh: Canongate. ISBN 978-1-84195-454-7.
- Keay, J. & Keay, J. (1994) Collins Encyclopaedia of Scotland. London. HarperCollins.
- Nicolson, James R. (1972) Shetland. Newton Abbott. David & Charles.
- Waugh, Doreen "Placing Papa Stour in Context" in Ballin Smith, Beverley; Taylor, Simon; and Williams, Gareth (2007) West over Sea: Studies in Scandinavian Sea-Borne Expansion and Settlement Before 1300. Leiden. Brill. ISBN 97890-04-15893-1
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Muckle Roe.|