|Norse name||Rauðøy Mikla|
|Meaning of name||big red island|
Muckle Ayre Beach
Muckle Roe shown within the Shetland Islands
|OS grid reference|
|Area||1,773 hectares (6.8 sq mi)|
|Area rank||37 |
|Highest elevation||Mid Ward 172 metres (564 ft)|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Council area||Shetland Islands|
|Population rank||43 |
Muckle Roe Lighthouse
|Year first constructed||1897 (first)|
|Year first lit||2001 (current)|
|Construction||metal skeletal tower (current)
cast iron tower (first)
|Tower shape||square parallelepiped tower covered by aluminium panels with light on the top (current)
octagonal prism tower with balcony and lantern
|Markings / pattern||white tower|
|Height||7 metres (23 ft) (current)
8 metres (26 ft) (first)
|Focal height||30 metres (98 ft) (current)|
|Original lens||3rd order Fresnel lens (first)|
|Light source||solar power (current)|
|Characteristic||Fl WR 3s.|
|Managing agent||Northern Lighthouse Board|
Muckle Roe is an island in Shetland, Scotland, in St. Magnus Bay, to the west of Mainland, Shetland. It has a population of around 130 people, who mainly croft and live in the south east of the island.
In 1905 a bridge was built between Muckle Roe and the Shetland Mainland over Roe Sound at a cost of £1,020 met from public subscription and a grant from the Congested Districts Board. The construction was of iron and concrete and its completion was followed by a reversal in the population decline seen in the 19th and earlier 20th centuries. A replacement bridge was built in 1999.
Geography and geology
Muckle Roe is approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) in diameter, with high cliffs in the south. Its highest point is Mid Ward 172 metres (564 ft).
- Waugh (2007) p. 541
- Ordnance Survey. Get-a-map (Map). 1:25,000. Leisure. Retrieved 21 August 2013.[dead link]
- Area and population ranks: there are c. 300 islands over 20 ha in extent and 93 permanently inhabited islands were listed in the 2011 census.
- National Records of Scotland (15 August 2013) (pdf) Statistical Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland - Release 1C (Part Two). "Appendix 2: Population and households on Scotland’s inhabited islands". Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- Haswell-Smith (2004) p. 406
- Fraser, Allen (2002) The Edinburgh Geologist: Old Norse and Norn names in Shetland. Issue 39 Retrieved 14 April 2007.
- Keay & Keay, (1994) p. 711
- Muckle Roe marinetraffic.com. Retrieved 31 May 2016
- Muckle Roe (Swarbacks Minn) The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 31 May 2016
- Haswell-Smith (2004) p. 440
- Anderson, Joseph (Ed.) (1893) Orkneyinga Saga. Translated by Jón A. Hjaltalin & Gilbert Goudie. Edinburgh. James Thin and Mercat Press (1990 reprint). ISBN 0-901824-25-9
- Nicolson (1972) p. 108
- "Overview of Muckle Roe". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 2008-01-06.
- Haswell-Smith, Hamish (2004). The Scottish Islands. Edinburgh: Canongate. ISBN 978-1-84195-454-7.
- Keay, J. & Keay, J. (1994) Collins Encyclopaedia of Scotland. London. HarperCollins.
- Nicolson, James R. (1972) Shetland. Newton Abbott. David & Charles.
- Waugh, Doreen "Placing Papa Stour in Context" in Ballin Smith, Beverley; Taylor, Simon; and Williams, Gareth (2007) West over Sea: Studies in Scandinavian Sea-Borne Expansion and Settlement Before 1300. Leiden. Brill. ISBN 97890-04-15893-1
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