Mucuna holtonii

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Mucuna holtonii
Mucuna holtonii 2.jpg
Mucuna holtonii, inflorescence
Scientific classification
Kingdom:
(unranked):
(unranked):
(unranked):
Order:
Family:
Subfamily:
Tribe:
Genus:
Species:
M. holtonii
Binomial name
Mucuna holtonii
Synonyms

Stizolobium holtonii[1]

Mucuna holtonii is a species of plant in the bean family, which is pollinated by bats. Bats are able to detect if the flowers have nectar using echolocation.[2][3] After an initial bat visit during which nectar is removed, the petals are arranged in a different manner (altering the shape of the flower). As a result, the unique "echo fingerprint" of petal arrangement informs the bat whether nectar is present or absent. This trait appears to have coevolved with bats.

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ IPNI
  2. ^ *D. von Helversen and O. von Helversen. "Object recognition by echolocation: a nectar feedingbat exploiting the flowers of a rain forest vine". in Journal of Comp. Physiol. A. (2003) 189: 327-336.
  3. ^ von Helversen & von Helversen (1999) Acoustic guide in bat-pollinated flower Nature 398:759-760.