The Mudaito Dynasty (Modaytó Dynasty) was the ruling dynasty of the Sultanate of Aussa (Sultanate of Awsa) in Ethiopia. It was founded by the Asaihemara Modaito clan of the Afars who came from the La'o and Doobi areas.
The Sultanate of Aussa (Afar Sultanate) succeeded the earlier Imamate of Aussa. The latter polity had come into existence in 1577, when Muhammed Jasa moved his capital from Harar to Aussa (Asaita) with the split of the Adal Sultanate into Aussa and Sultanate of Harar. At some point after 1672, Aussa declined and temporarily came to an end in conjunction with Imam Umar Din bin Adam's recorded ascension to the throne. The Sultanate was subsequently re-established by Kadhafo around the year 1734, and was thereafter ruled by his Mudaito Dynasty. The primary symbol of the Sultan was a silver baton, which was considered to have magical properties.
The following is a list of the Mudaito Dynasty rulers (Amoyta).
|Kadhafo Mahammad ibn Kadhafo
|Aydahis ibn Kadhafo Mahammad
|"Asa" Aydahis ibn Mahammad ibn Aydahis
||1801||1832||First official Amoyta|
|Hanfere ibn Aydahis
|Mahammad "Illalta" ibn Hanfere
||1862||1902||Won the battle of Arraddo against Menelik II in 1896.|
|Mahammad ibn Aydahis ibn Hanfere
||1902||c. 1910||Starting from 1902, the governorship of Mahammad ibn Aydahis was challenged by his cousins, the nine sons of his direct predecessor, Aydahis, Alimirah, Kadhafo, Hanfadhe, Alo and Yayyo (the later sultan)|
|Yayyo ibn Mahammad ibn Hanfere
||1945 Awsa incorporated into Ethiopia.||1975||Exiled in 1975|
||1991||2011||Returned from exile in 1991|
|Hanfere AliMirah Hanfere
||2011||proclaimed as Sultan|
- Abir, p. 23 n.1.
- Abir, pp. 23-26.
- Trimingham, p. 262.
- Encyclopaedia Aethiopica, vol. 1, article on Afar literature
- Didier Morin, Dictionnaire historique des Afar, 2003