Mudbound (film)

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Mudbound
Mudbound (film).png
Film release poster
Directed byDee Rees
Produced by
  • Carl Effenson
  • Sally Jo Effenson
  • Cassian Elwes
  • Charles King
  • Christopher Lemole
  • Kim Roth
  • Tim Zajaros
Screenplay by
Based onMudbound
by Hillary Jordan
Starring
Music byTamar-kali
CinematographyRachel Morrison
Edited byMako Kamitsuna
Production
company
  • Elevated Films
  • Joule Films
Distributed byNetflix
Release date
  • January 21, 2017 (2017-01-21) (Sundance)
  • November 17, 2017 (2017-11-17) (United States)
Running time
134 minutes[1]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$10 million[2]
Box office$89,995[3]

Mudbound is a 2017 American period drama film directed by Dee Rees and written by Rees and Virgil Williams, based on the novel of the same name by Hillary Jordan. It stars Carey Mulligan, Garrett Hedlund, Jason Clarke, Jason Mitchell, and Mary J. Blige. The film depicts two World War II veterans – one white, one black – who return to rural Mississippi each to address racism and PTSD in his own way. The film premiered at the 2017 Sundance Film Festival on January 21, 2017,[4] and was released on Netflix and in limited release on November 17, 2017.

Critics praised its screenplay, direction, and the cast's performances (particularly those of Mitchell and Blige)[5] and at the 75th Golden Globe Awards received nominations for Best Supporting Actress (Blige) and Best Original Song ("Mighty River").[6] At the 90th Academy Awards, the film earned four nominations: Best Supporting Actress and Best Original Song for Blige, Best Adapted Screenplay, and Best Cinematography, the latter of which made Rachel Morrison the first woman ever nominated in the category. Blige became the first person to ever be nominated for an acting and song award during the same year.

Plot[edit]

Henry McAllan and his brother Jamie struggle to bury their recently deceased Pappy during a rainstorm. When the coffin proves too heavy for the two of them, Henry flags the passing Jackson family for help. There is tension on both sides as the request is made.

The film then flashes back to 1939, when Henry buys a farm outside the fictional town of Marietta, Mississippi, in the Mississippi Delta, and moves there with his wife Laura, with whom he shares a passionless marriage; their daughters; and his racist father Pappy. The Jackson family, led by tenant farmer Hap and his wife Florence, work the farm's cotton fields and dream of owning their own block of land one day. As World War II begins, Jamie commissions to become an Army pilot flying B-25 bomber aircraft while the Jackson's eldest son, Ronsel, enlists in the Army infantry and commands a Sherman tank. While serving in Europe, Ronsel strikes up a romance with a white woman and enjoys relative freedom from racism.

Both families suffer the threat of poverty when the Jacksons' mule has to be put down and Hap breaks his leg. Florence, who worked for the McAllans as a housekeeper, has to give up the job to help cover Hap's work, and an unsympathetic Henry forces Hap to rent the McAllan's mule, cutting his wages in half. Laura takes pity on the family and pays for Hap's doctor. Later, when Laura suffers a miscarriage, she turns to Florence for comfort.

When the war is won, both Ronsel and Jamie return home. The handsome and charming Jamie rekindles his attraction to Laura, but suffers from alcoholism, PTSD and the scorn of his father, who disparages air force bombing as easy and anonymous killing. Ronsel, on the other hand, is defiant when Pappy demands that he use the back door of a general store instead of the front door, because he is black. Henry warns Hap and Florence that Ronsel's fiery streak could provoke problems for all involved if he does not keep it to himself, and Ronsel is forced to apologize.

After Ronsel witnesses one of Jamie's PTSD episodes, the two become friends. Jamie treats Ronsel with respect, allowing him to ride in the front seat of the McAllan's truck and sharing a bottle with him. He reveals to Ronsel that during his time in the Army, his life was once saved by a black fighter pilot, an incident which has stayed with him. Ronsel eventually shares with Jamie that his girlfriend gave birth to their son and shows him a photo. Outside of his friendship with Ronsel, Jamie's life continues to crumble, climaxing in a fight with Henry about the futility of the farm and Laura being miserable, after which Henry asks him to leave. As he prepares to do so, he and Laura confront their feelings and make love.

Pappy, who had previously seen Ronsel riding in the front seat with Jamie, finds the photograph of the white German woman and their mixed-race child on the front seat of the truck. Ronsel, out searching for the missing photo, is picked up by Pappy and other members of the Ku Klux Klan and brutally beaten. Pappy then fetches Jamie and forces him to witness the "trial" prior to the lynching of Ronsel. Jamie tries to fight off the men, but is beaten and restrained, and Pappy forces him to choose Ronsel's punishment for the "crime" of miscegenation, documented by his photo: to lose his eyes, tongue or testicles. If Jamie refuses to choose, Ronsel will be murdered. Jamie is forced to watch the tongue mutilation, and Ronsel is strung up and left for his family to discover. During the night, Jamie smothers Pappy to death and Laura lies to Henry that Pappy passed away peacefully. Hap and Florence take their children and leave the farm.

The film returns to the opening scene. Eventually Hap agrees to help, but refuses to allow his sons to assist in lowering Pappy's coffin, over which he also gives a brief eulogy. Jamie gives the photo of Ronsel's son to Florence, to pass on to Ronsel.

Jamie leaves his family in disgust. The Jacksons eventually settle on a farm of their own. A mute Ronsel makes his way back to Europe where he reunites with his girlfriend and son.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Development on the film was announced on March 21, 2016, with Dee Rees engaged as director and Carey Mulligan, Garrett Hedlund, Jason Clarke and Jason Mitchell cast in roles.[7] On May 25, Mary J. Blige was added to the cast.[8] On May 31, Jonathan Banks and Rob Morgan were cast, and filming began in New Orleans, Louisiana and post-production started in the United Kingdom by July 2016.[9]

Cinematography[edit]

Dee Rees asked Rachel Morrison to focus on "the idea of the American dream vs. the American reality", so Rachel turned to books by Farm Security Administration photographers for reference points regarding color and composition, in particular Dorothea Lange, Arthur Rothstein, Ben Shahn and Walker Evans. Another primary source for her was a Gordon Parks essay in Life magazine in the 1950s called "A Segregation Story" – regarding color that "felt period, but it didn't feel washed-out".[10] Rachel's term for the goal they tried to achieve is "subjective naturalism", which she describes as first of all, real; and then potentially dramatized with light at main plot points – but remaining real throughout.[10] Through that reality, the focus was on the elements in the picture and not the period itself: "The period wasn't a character in this film. The mud was a character, the weather was a character, the house was a character ... we were trying to make more of a commentary about just how tough times were through experiences."[10] A. O. Scott in the New York Times on the result: "Rachel ... brings the soil, the flora and the weather to life in a way that emphasizes the archaic, elemental power of the story." [11]

Release[edit]

Following its 2017 Sundance Film Festival premiere, Mudbound had distribution offers from A24 and Annapurna Pictures.[12] On January 29, 2017, Netflix acquired distribution rights to the film.[13] The film premiered on the streaming platform, as well as began a one week theatrical release in New York City and Los Angeles, on November 17, 2017.

Critical response[edit]

On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 97% based on 176 reviews, with an average rating of 8.2/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "Mudbound offers a well-acted, finely detailed snapshot of American history whose scenes of rural class struggle resonate far beyond their period setting."[14] On Metacritic, which assigns a normalized rating to reviews, the film holds an average weighted score of 85 out of 100, based on 43 critics, indicating "universal acclaim".[15]

Richard Roeper of the Chicago Sun-Times gave the film 3.5 out of 4 stars, praising the cast and direction.[16] Writing for Rolling Stone, Peter Travers also gave the film 3.5 out of 4 stars, praising Blige's performance and Rees' direction, saying: "The director and her cinematographer Rachel Morrison do wonders with the elements that batter the people of every race and social class in the Delta. But it's the storm raging inside these characters that rivets our attention and makes Mudbound a film that grabs you and won't let go."[17]

Accolades[edit]

Award Date of ceremony Category Recipient(s) and nominee(s) Result Ref.
AACTA International Awards January 6, 2018 Best Supporting Actress Mary J. Blige Nominated [18]
AARP's Movies for Grownups Awards February 5, 2018 Best Ensemble The cast of Mudbound Nominated [19]
Academy Awards March 4, 2018 Best Supporting Actress Mary J. Blige Nominated [20]
Best Adapted Screenplay Dee Rees and Virgil Williams Nominated
Best Original Song "Mighty River" – Mary J. Blige, Raphael Saadiq and Taura Stinson Nominated
Best Cinematography Rachel Morrison Nominated
Alliance of Women Film Journalists January 9, 2018 Best Adapted Screenplay Dee Rees and Virgil Williams Nominated [21]
Best Actress in a Supporting Role Mary J. Blige Nominated
Best Ensemble Cast – Casting Director Billy Hopkins and Ashley Ingram Won
Best Woman Director Dee Rees Nominated
Best Woman Screenwriter Dee Rees and Virgil Williams Nominated
American Society of Cinematographers February 17, 2018 Outstanding Achievement in Cinematography in Theatrical Releases Rachel Morrison Nominated [22]
Austin Film Critics Association January 8, 2018 Best Supporting Actress Mary J. Blige Nominated [23]
Best Adapted Screenplay Dee Rees and Virgil Williams Nominated
Best Cinematography Rachel Morrison Nominated
Black Reel Awards February 22, 2018 Outstanding Film Mudbound Nominated [24][25]
Outstanding Director Dee Rees Nominated
Outstanding Supporting Actor Jason Mitchell Won
Outstanding Supporting Actress Mary J. Blige Nominated
Outstanding Screenplay Virgil Williams and Dee Rees Nominated
Outstanding Ensemble Billy Hopkins and Ashley Ingram Won
Outstanding Original Song "Mighty River" – Mary J. Blige, Raphael Saadiq and Taura Stinson Won
Outstanding Breakthrough Performance, Female Mary J. Blige Nominated
Chicago Film Critics Association December 12, 2017 Best Supporting Actor Jason Mitchell Nominated [26]
[27]
Best Supporting Actress Mary J. Blige Nominated
Best Adapted Screenplay Dee Rees and Virgil Williams Nominated
Best Cinematography Rachel Morrison Nominated
Critics' Choice Movie Awards January 11, 2018 Best Supporting Actress Mary J. Blige Nominated [28]
Best Ensemble The cast of Mudbound Nominated
Best Adapted Screenplay Dee Rees and Virgil Williams Nominated
Best Cinematography Rachel Morrison Nominated
Dallas–Fort Worth Film Critics Association December 13, 2017 Best Supporting Actress Mary J. Blige 3rd Place [29]
Detroit Film Critics Society December 7, 2017 Best Ensemble The cast of Mudbound Nominated [30]
Dorian Awards February 24, 2018 Supporting Film Performance of the Year – Actress Mary J. Blige Nominated [31]
[32]
Florida Film Critics Circle December 23, 2017 Best Supporting Actress Mary J. Blige Nominated [33]
[34]
Georgia Film Critics Association January 12, 2018 Best Adapted Screenplay Dee Rees and Virgil Williams Nominated [35]
Best Cinematography Rachel Morrison Nominated
Best Original Song "Mighty River" – Raphael Saadiq, Mary J. Blige and Taura Stinson Nominated
Best Ensemble The cast of Mudbound Nominated
Golden Globe Awards January 7, 2018 Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture Mary J. Blige Nominated [36]
Best Original Song "Mighty River" – Raphael Saadiq, Mary J. Blige and Taura Stinson Nominated
Golden Tomato Awards January 3, 2018 Best Limited Release 2017 Mudbound 5th Place [37]
Best Drama Movie 2017 Mudbound 3rd Place
Gotham Independent Film Awards November 27, 2017 Breakthrough Actor Mary J. Blige Nominated [38]
Special Jury Award – Ensemble Performance The cast of Mudbound Won
Guild of Music Supervisors Awards February 8, 2018 Best Song/Recording Created for a Film "Mighty River" Nominated [39]
Hollywood Film Awards November 5, 2017 Hollywood Breakout Ensemble Award The cast of Mudbound Won [40]
Hollywood Breakout Actress Award Mary J. Blige Won
Hollywood Music in Media Awards November 16, 2017 Original Score – Feature Film Tamar-kali Nominated [41]
Original Song – Feature Film "Mighty River" – Raphael Saadiq, Mary J. Blige and Taura Stinson Nominated
Humanitas Prize February 16, 2018 Feature – Drama Dee Rees and Virgil Williams Won[a] [42]
Independent Spirit Awards March 3, 2018 Robert Altman Award The cast and crew of Mudbound Won [43]
IndieWire Honors November 2, 2017 Breakthrough Performance Mary J. Blige Won [44]
Location Managers Guild Awards April 7, 2017 Outstanding Locations in Period Film Wise Wolfe, Imre Legman Nominated [45]
Los Angeles Film Critics Association January 13, 2018 Best Supporting Actress Mary J. Blige Runner-up [46]
New York Film Critics Circle January 3, 2018 Best Cinematographer Rachel Morrison Won [47]
New York Film Critics Online December 10, 2017 Best Picture Mudbound Won[b] [48]
Best Director Dee Rees Won
Best Ensemble Cast The cast of Mudbound Won
Top Ten Films Mudbound Won
Online Film Critics Society December 28, 2017 Best Supporting Actress Mary J. Blige Nominated [49]
[50]
Best Cinematography Rachel Morrison Nominated
San Diego Film Critics Society December 11, 2017 Best Adapted Screenplay Dee Rees and Virgil Williams Runner-up [51]
[52]
Best Ensemble The cast of Mudbound Won
San Francisco Film Critics Circle December 10, 2017 Best Adapted Screenplay Dee Rees and Virgil Williams Nominated [53]
Santa Barbara International Film Festival January 31, 2018 Virtuoso Award Mary J. Blige Won [54]
Satellite Awards February 10, 2018 Best Film Mudbound Nominated [55]
Best Director Dee Rees Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Mary J. Blige Nominated
Screen Actors Guild Awards January 21, 2018 Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture The cast of Mudbound Nominated [56]
Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Supporting Role Mary J. Blige Nominated
St. Louis Film Critics Association December 17, 2017 Best Adapted Screenplay Dee Rees and Virgil Williams Nominated [57]
[58]
USC Scripter Awards February 10, 2018 Best Screenplay Dee Rees, Virgil Williams and Hillary Jordan Nominated [59]
Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association December 8, 2017 Best Director Dee Rees Nominated [60]
Best Supporting Actor Jason Mitchell Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Mary J. Blige Nominated
Best Adapted Screenplay Dee Rees and Virgil Williams Won
Best Cinematography Rachel Morrison Nominated
Best Acting Ensemble The cast of Mudbound Nominated
Women Film Critics Circle December 17, 2017 Best Movie by a Woman Mudbound Nominated [61]
[62]
Best Woman Storyteller Dee Rees Nominated
Josephine Baker Award Mudbound Won
Karen Morley Award Mudbound Nominated
Courage in Filmmaking Dee Rees Won
Writers Guild of America Awards February 11, 2018 Best Adapted Screenplay Dee Rees and Virgil Williams Nominated [63]
  1. ^ Tied with The Post.
  2. ^ Tied with The Florida Project.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  12. ^ "Current Awards Season Affecting "Mudbound" Bidding War, Which Includes A24, Annapurna (Exclusive)". January 25, 2017. Retrieved January 26, 2017.
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  17. ^ Travers, Peter (November 27, 2017). "'Mudbound' Review: Epic Drama on Poverty, Race and Family Is 'Stunning Achievement'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  18. ^ McNary, Dave (January 5, 2018). "'Three Billboards' Wins Best Film at Australian Academy International Awards". Variety. Archived from the original on January 6, 2018. Retrieved January 6, 2018.
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  24. ^ Get Out Dominates the Black Reel Awards Black Reel Awards. 13 December 2017.
  25. ^ Get Out “Sinks” the Competition at The Black Reel Awards Black Reel Awards. 23 February 2018.
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External links[edit]