Muddy Boggy Creek
|Muddy Boggy Creek|
|Muddy Boggy River|
|Country||United States of America|
|Part of||Red River of the South|
|Length||175 km (109 mi)|
Muddy Boggy River, also known as the Muddy Boggy Creek, is a 175-mile-long (282 km) river in south central Oklahoma. a major tributary of the Red River in south central Oklahoma, is formed by the confluence of Muddy Boggy Creek and Clear Boggy Creek. Both streams converge at a location known as River Mile 24[a] in Pontotoc County, Oklahoma. It is a major tributary of the Red River. The river is inhabited by over one hundred species of fish.
It begins on the eastern edge of Ada, Oklahoma, and comes within 3 miles (5 km) of the Canadian River before turning southeast and passing through the Arkoma Basin and the western edge of the Ouachita Mountains. It is located in an area once known as the Cross Timbers. It joins the Red River at a point southwest of Hugo, just a few miles upriver from where Highway 271 crosses the Red River at the unincorporated town of Arthur City (TX)
Tributaries of Muddy Boggy Creek include Sand, Caney Boggy, Rock, East Fork, Coal, Caney (Coon), North Boggy, McGee, Cold Spring, Lick and Crowder creeks. Major tributaries of Clear Boggy Creek are Jackfork, Coal, Goose, Leader, Delaware, Sandy, Caney, Fronterhouse, Cowpen, Bois d'Arc and Meyhew creeks. According to Pigg, all of the tributaries in the headwaters are short and deep, while those in the lower elevations are short, shallow and filled with dead timber.
Near the source, the Muddy Boggy passes through the Arbuckle Mountains, and has a gradient of about 100 feet per mile (19 m/km). By the time it flows through the Cretaceous area, the gradient is only 5 feet per mile (0.95 m/km). It then flows through the Ouachita Mountains.
Clear Boggy Creek has a gradient of about 15 feet per mile (2.8 m/km) near its source and 1.5 feet per mile (0.28 m/km) nar its mouth.
The river basin is about 80 miles (130 km) long by 40 miles (64 km) wide. The drainage area is 2,429 square miles (6,290 km2), and includes parts of Pontotoc, Hughes, Pittsburg, Atoka, Johnson, Bryan, Pushmataha, and Choctaw counties.
Muriel H. Wright wrote that Doctor Jonathan Sibley had reported in 1805, that this stream had been called Vazzures by French explorers. She said this was a corruption of the French word vaseaux, which meant boggy or "miry", because of the deep mud or mire in the channel bottom. Later, English-speaking traders named the stream, using the English translation.
- River mile designates the distance from the mouth of the river.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Muddy Boggy Creek
- U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline data. The National Map, accessed June 3, 2011
- Pigg, Jimmie. "A Survey of the Fishes of the Muddy Boggy River in South Central Oklahoma" (PDF). Retrieved October 3, 2009.
- Wright, Muriel H. "Some Geographic Names of French Origin in Oklahoma." Chronicles of Oklahoma. Volume 7, Number 2, pp. 188-193. Accessed March 5, 2016.
- Hydrology Prediction for Muddy Boggy Creek
- Oklahoma Digital Maps: Digital Collections of Oklahoma and Indian Territory