Mudgeeraba, Queensland

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Mudgeeraba
Queensland
Mudgeeraba Old Post Office.jpg
Old Post Office, 2015
Mudgeeraba is located in Queensland
Mudgeeraba
Mudgeeraba
Coordinates28°04′45″S 153°21′13″E / 28.0791°S 153.3536°E / -28.0791; 153.3536Coordinates: 28°04′45″S 153°21′13″E / 28.0791°S 153.3536°E / -28.0791; 153.3536
Population13,624 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density528.1/km2 (1,367.7/sq mi)
Postcode(s)4213
Area25.8 km2 (10.0 sq mi)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10:00)
LGA(s)City of Gold Coast
State electorate(s)Mudgeeraba
Federal Division(s)
Suburbs around Mudgeeraba:
Tallai Worongary
Merrimac
Robina
Advancetown Mudgeeraba Varsity Lakes
Neranwood
Austinville
Bonogin Reedy Creek

Mudgeeraba (/ˈmʌərəbɑː/ MUH-jə-rə-bah) is a town and suburb in the City of Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.[2][3] In the 2016 census, Mudgeeraba had a population of 13,624 people.[1]

Mudgeeraba's essential character remains one of a nineteenth-century village, and contains important evidence of its earlier form and building. Most older houses are situated on large blocks of 0.5 acres (2,000 m2) to 2 acres (8,100 m2), alongside much larger farming properties situated in the area.

Geography[edit]

Mudgeeraba Creek is the major creek of a catchment area in the southern region of the Gold Coast. It is part of the larger catchment area of Nerang River. Bonogin and Wyangan Creeks are tributaries of Mudgeeraba Creek.

Since 2005, under the Beaches to Bushland restoration program, Gold Coast City, with the help of Austinville Landcare Group, have worked on restoration of areas of upper Mudgeeraba Creek.[4]

History[edit]

View of a farm in the Mudgeeraba district ca. 1891
Mudgeeraba Exchange Hotel, 1915

It is thought that the name of the town was derived from an Indigenous Australian expression meaning, "place of infant's excrement", "place where someone told lies" or "place of sticky soil".[5][2] Another theory is that the name means "low-lying ground".[6][7]

Mudgeeraba is remnant of the type of township that characterises the rural hinterland of the Gold Coast. Subdivision of land was conventional and buildings were traditionally rural or rural commercial. The Schmidt Farmhouse is typical of farms of that period in the district (the farmhouse is now in the adjacent suburb of Worongary).[8]

People posing at the railway station in Mudgeeraba, ca. 1917

Mudgeeraba, like other areas in the region, was an early centre for farming, timber getting and cattle grazing by the mid-1870s.[9]

Mudgeraba Provisional School opened on 24 October 1887. On 1 January 1909 it became Mudgeraba State School. In 1915 it was renamed Mudgeraba Upper State School. By 1925 the spelling had changed to Mudgeeraba Upper State School. It closed on 6 November 1955.[10]

Mudgeraba Lower Provisional School opened on 31 March 1892. In 1914 it became Mudgeraba Lower State School. In 1915 it was renamed Mudgeraba State School. By 1925 the spelling had changed to Mudgeeraba State School.[10]

Mudgeeraba rose to some prominence with the coming of the railway from Brisbane to Tweed Heads in 1903.[11] The station of the South Coast railway line was located near the present-day motorway entrance.[12] In 1890, the Queensland State Government indicated that the railway station would be positioned as close to the township, located on Coach Road, as possible.[13] Following the decision was made to position the railway station at some distance to the town, early residents acquired land nearby. Once the railway line was in operation the centre of the town was relocated to its present position.[14] The railway was closed in 1961. The modern day Pacific Motorway largely follows the route of the former railway. The new Gold Coast railway opened on a different alignment from Brisbane to neighbouring Robina in 1998. Robina station is about 1.8 kilometres (1.1 mi) further than the old Mudgeeraba railway station.

Clover Hill State School opened on January 1904.[10]

In the early 1930s during the Great Depression, the Upper Mudgeeraba Creek banks were the location of unemployment relief camps set up under the Income (Unemployment Relief) Tax Acts, 1930. The creek water helped sustain vegetable gardens for the residents, housed in timber and corrugated iron huts.[15] One aspect of the relief scheme put in place by the Queensland Government was to establish small banana plantations. In Upper Mudgeeraba, 300 acres (120 ha) divided into 50 blocks were made available to successful applicants to farm.[16][17][18]

Mudgeeraba is home to the Mudgeeraba Water Treatment Plant and a pump and pipeline runs from the Little Nerang Dam to the Water Treatment Plant operated by SEQWater. An above-ground pipeline runs from the WTP through Mudgeeraba to Tugun and Molendinar.[19]

Mudgeeraba is also home to the Mudgeeraba Holiday Village which has received national media attention.[20]

The Gold Coast City Council opened a public library at the Old Post Office Heritage Centre in Railway Street in 2004. However it did not attract a lot of patronage and it was decided to merge it into the Robina Library with the Mudgeeraba branch closing on 25 January 2017.[21] The Gold Coast City Council operates a fortnightly mobile library service which visits Railway Street beside Mudgeeraba Pool.[22]

At the 2011 Australian Census, the suburb recorded a population of 13,204.[23]

In the 2016 census, Mudgeeraba had a population of 13,624 people.[1]

Schools[edit]

Mudgeeraba State School has about 900 students enrolled.[24] Somerset College was opened in January 1983.[25] Other schools in the area include Clover Hill State School, Mudgeeraba Creek State School and Mudgeeraba Special School.

Facilities[edit]

The Gold Coast City Council provides the Old Post Office (formerly the Mudgeeraba Library) to community groups and activities for both adults and children involving computing, technology, robotics etc.[26]

The Springbrook Mudgeeraba branch of the Queensland Country Women's Association meets at the Bill Deacon Pavilion, Mudgeeraba Showgrounds at 115 Mudgeeraba Road, Worongary.[27]

Sport and recreation[edit]

A number of sporting teams represent the area, including the Mudgeeraba Redbacks, the local rugby league club who play home games at Firth Park, the Hinterland District Netball Association who run a large competition on Saturday mornings for players 5yrs to 17yrs and Monday nights for 13yrs to opens at Firth Park, Somerset Drive, Mudgeeraba, the Mudgeeraba Lawn Bowls Club situated just behind the Rugby Club, and the Mudgeeraba Soccer Club. Mudgeeraba Spartans Junior AFL Club plays their home games at Somerset College. The starting point for the annual 96 km cross-country Kokoda Challenge is in Mudgeeraba.[28]

Demographics[edit]

In the 2011 census, Mudgeeraba recorded a population of 13,204 people, 51.3% female and 48.7% male.[23] The median age of the Mudgeeraba population was 36 years, 1 year below the national median of 37. 69% of people living in Mudgeeraba were born in Australia. The other top responses for country of birth were New Zealand 8.5%, England 6.1%, South Africa 1.7%, Scotland 0.7%, Germany 0.7%. 88.7% of people spoke only English at home; the next most common languages were 0.7% Japanese, 0.6% German, 0.6% Mandarin, 0.4% Cantonese, 0.4% Spanish.[23]

Heritage listings[edit]

Mudgeeraba has a number of local heritage-listed sites,[29] including:

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Mudgeeraba (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ a b "Mudgeeraba - town in City of Gold Coast (entry 39096)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  3. ^ "Mudgeeraba - suburb in City of Gold Coast (entry 46067)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 26 January 2020.
  4. ^ "Bushcare and Landcare groups". The City of Gold Coast. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  5. ^ "Mudgeeraba history". www.goldcoast.qld.gov.au. Gold Coast City Council. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  6. ^ "SKETCHER". The Queenslander. National Library of Australia. 11 April 1914. p. 8. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
  7. ^ "ANSWERS". The Brisbane Courier. National Library of Australia. 12 December 1931. p. 14. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
  8. ^ "Schmidt Farmhouse & Outbuildings (former) (entry 601889)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  9. ^ "THE NERANG AND SOUTHWARDS". The Brisbane Courier. XXVII (4, 901). Queensland, Australia. 14 June 1873. p. 5. Retrieved 15 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  10. ^ a b c Queensland Family History Society (2010), Queensland schools past and present (Version 1.01 ed.), Queensland Family History Society, ISBN 978-1-921171-26-0
  11. ^ "OPENING NEW LINES". The Brisbane Courier. LX (14, 244). Queensland, Australia. 8 September 1903. p. 7. Retrieved 15 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  12. ^ "Mudgeeraba history". City of Gold Coast Council. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  13. ^ "Southern Railway Extension". The Queenslander. XXXVII (755). Queensland, Australia. 22 March 1890. p. 535. Retrieved 15 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  14. ^ "MUDGEERABA". South Coast Bulletin. 8 (399). Queensland, Australia. 17 January 1936. p. 4. Retrieved 15 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  15. ^ "Mudgeeraba and Currumbin Creeks unemployment relief camps, 1931". Department of Labour and Industry. Retrieved 30 November 2013.
  16. ^ "MUDGEERABA BANANA SCHEME". The Nambucca and Bellinger News. 29 (1446). New South Wales, Australia. 12 January 1934. p. 2. Retrieved 15 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  17. ^ "MUDGEERABA". South Coast Bulletin. 5 (246). Queensland, Australia. 1 September 1933. p. 3. Retrieved 15 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  18. ^ "THE BANANA SETTLEMENT". South Coast Bulletin. 5 (262). Queensland, Australia. 22 December 1933. p. 10. Retrieved 15 May 2016 – via National Library of Australia.
  19. ^ "South East Queensland Water Projects" (PDF). Queensland Government. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  20. ^ Elder, Jessica (9 April 2016). "Mudgeeraba Holiday Village living conditions so poor children are removed". Gold Coast Bulletin. Retrieved 13 June 2017.
  21. ^ Jackson, Cam (22 November 2016). "Mudgeeraba Library to close in January". Gold Coast City Council. Archived from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  22. ^ "Mobile Library 2018 timetable" (PDF). Gold Coast City Council. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  23. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Mudgeeraba (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 14 October 2013. Edit this at Wikidata
  24. ^ "Our school". Department of Education and Training. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
  25. ^ "History". Somerset College. Retrieved 31 August 2015.
  26. ^ "Mudgeeraba Library". Gold Coast City Council. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  27. ^ "Branch Locations". Queensland Country Women's Association. Retrieved 26 December 2018.
  28. ^ "Kokoda Challenge, 2018 Gold Coast 48km & 96km course map" (PDF). Kokoda Challenge. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
  29. ^ "City of Gold Coast history and heritage | Gold Coast Local Heritage Register". heritage.goldcoast.qld.gov.au. Retrieved 21 August 2015.

External links[edit]